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Seerah: Episode 59. The Return from Ta’if & the Story of Addas. October 2, 2014

Filed under: Seerah — visitor74 @ 7:22 pm

— This event is narrated by someone in Ta’if, who later accepted Islam

  • When Prophet was leaving Ta’if & he was being throw rocks, being jeered & mocked, he continued to walk along & did not respond to anyone
    • The Prophet kept only asking Allah for strength. He was reciting Surat at-Tariq in its entirety, over & over again for 3 miles
    • “By the sky and the night comer, and what can make you know what is the night comer? It is the piercing star. There is no soul but that it has over it a protector. So let man observe from what he was created. He was created from a fluid, ejected, emerging from between the backbone and the ribs. Indeed, Allah, to return him [to life], is Able. The Day when secrets will be put on trial, then man will have no power or any helper. By the sky which returns [rain] and [by] the earth which cracks open, indeed, the Qur’an is a decisive statement, and it is not amusement. Indeed, they are planning a plan, but I am planning a plan. So allow time for the disbelievers. Leave them awhile.” [86:1-17]
  • The narrator memorized the Surah that day just from listening to the Prophet
    • This was before the narrator became Muslim. He used to read this surah later on in his Salah
  • Later on, Thakeef people saw the narrator listening & repeating the Prophet. They asked the narrator, “What did you hear this man (Muhammad) reciting?”
    • The narrator then recited the Surah for the people. Some of them were very affected by Surat at-Tariq
  • Some of the people who were there who listened to the narrator recite Surat at-Tariq were members of Quraysh, who were visiting Ta’if
    • When the members of Quraysh saw that the members of Thakeef were becoming affected by the Qur’an, the Quraysh interjected, “Whoa, slow down. This guy Muhammad, who came up with this mumbo jumbo, we know him better than you do. We know him very well; he’s one of us. If what he was reciting actually the truth, then we would have followed him a long time ago. We’ve been hearing this for 10 years. So don’t get overly emotional. Don’t get too impressed.” The Quraysh dismissed the narrator

— The Prophet later said of the stoners at Ta’if, “I did not find any type of comfort. I was not able to recover. They did not leave me alone. They did not release from this torture until I reach Qablal Manazen. I raised my head up, & saw a cloud that covered me & shielded me. This showed me that the mercy of Allah was with me.”

  • This experience in Ta’if teaches us something valuable – his dua
  • It’s known that the Prophet is the Habib of Allah – most beloved of Allah’s creations
    • Yet, Allah allowed the Prophet to go through a number of trials. That was not in vain. Mercy of Allah was with him still
  • “I raised my head & there was a cloud covering me, and I saw Jibril inside of that cloud.”
    • The Prophet was being reminded physically when he looks up in the sky that his Lord has not forsaken him. The cloud was from his childhood – way back to the Halimah years
  • After the Prophet made his dua, that’s when Jibril descended down with the angel of the mountains to speak with the Prophet

— After the angels left, the Prophet rested against the tree. Close enough to the tree was a garden that was owned by Utbah & Shayba (sons of Rabi’a). They were very staunch & stubborn adversaries to Islam & the Prophet back in Makkah. Hind & Abu Sufyan were part of this family/gang

  • This garden was like a vacation home for them
  • The sons Utbah & Shayba heard the commotion & witnessed the people of Ta’if pelt Prophet with rocks. They saw Prophet covered in blood. They saw everyone leave & the Prophet making du’a. They also saw Zayd bin Haritha trying to hold up the Prophet since he was close to fainting
    • Even these brothers, who were always against the Prophet, felt compassion & brotherhood for the Prophet after witnessing all this. They had been mocking & torturing the Prophet & his followers for 10 years, but after seeing the Prophet in his bloody compassion, they felt pity toward the Prophet
  • Utbah & Shayba called their slave Addas, a Christian to gather a basket of water, cloth, & grapes and to look after the Prophet
    • Grapes were a very expensive delicacy since they were not common in Arabia

— Addas did as he was told. Addas put down the grapes before the Prophet, & said, “Please eat.”

  • When the Prophet saw Addas, he asked for the kind stranger’s name
    • No matter what came his way, Prophet never forgot his etiquette. Surah Qalam was the 2nd revelation, & it instructed the Prophet to never compromise his akhlakh & adab
    • Addas said, “My name is Addas. Utbah & Shayba, from amongst your tribe, are my masters. They have sent me to you with this food & water to tend to you. Please eat.”
  • The Prophet put his hand in the bowl of grapes, said Bismillah, & then ate
    • Addas looked in the face of Prophet; he was completely staring at the Prophet with his jaw open, with such intensity that the Prophet noticed Addas’s stare on him
    • Addas looked at Prophet very intently, & said, “Wallahi, what you just said – your people don’t say that. Bismillah. You said Bismillah before you ate. Your people don’t talk like this.”
  • The Prophet said, “Well okay. If my people don’t say this, then where are you from? What land/people are you from that you do know this? And what religion do you follow?”
    • Addas said, “I’m Nasrani (Christian). I’m from the people of Neenawah.”
  • Prophet: “Oh, that’s very interesting, you’re from Neenawah. You’re from the same town as the great righteous man, Yunus ibnu Matta.”

— Now Addas is beside himself. He exclaimed, “How do YOU know what Yunus is?” How do you even know the word Yunus? How do you even know the name Yunus? Nobody here knows about Yunus – they’re all idol worshippers!”

  • The Prophet replied, “Of course, I know Yunus. He’s my brother. He was a Prophet, wasn’t he? I am also a Prophet. He was sent by Allah, wasn’t he? I was also sent by Allah. So of course I know him. We belong to the same fraternity.”

— Addas was sitting in front of the Prophet, shocked at this conversation

  • As soon as Muhammad talked about being a Prophet of Allah, Addas sprung forward (jumped) & started to kiss the head of the Prophet. He grabbed & kissed hands of the Prophet. Addas kissed the Prophet’s bloody & torn feet
  • Addas said, “I sit in front of the Messenger of Allah. I grew up learning about these great men. We grew up knowing that we were from the town of a great man (Yunus), and we prided ourselves about this fact. And I get to sit in the presence of one of these men?”
    • Of course, this whole dialogue & scene is expression of the fact that Addas accepted Islam right then & there

— The Prophet’s passion & resilience for sharing Allah’s message to mankind never wavered

  • He’s bloody, bruised, beaten, wounded, yet he continues giving da’wah. But in this situation, he has an entire conversation with a man because maybe just this situation will guide a man to the righteous path, to Allah. The guidance of one individual is important for the Prophet
  • The Prophet told Ali, “Oh Ali, even if one man is guided toward Allah through you, this is better for you than a red she-camel. This is better for you than whatever the world contains.”
    • We say this hadith, but the Prophet lived it. He was beaten, bloody, & exhausted, but if opportunity presented itself to be the means of guidance for one man, a slave, someone that could be overlooked very easily, then the Prophet would go after that opportunity

— Everything that happens in the Prophet’s life is a lesson & a reminder for us. While the Prophet is being stoned, he’s reciting the Book of Allah. When he stops by the tree, he’s making dua. He kept maintaining his connection with Allah, which led him to stay committed to his mission, his imaan, & his proper conduct

  • It doesn’t matter what role we fill or in what capacity we do da’wah. You could be advertising, marketing, working in logistics, cleaning up, speaking, or deliver the message. Only thing to remember is that our dawah will only be as fruitful & as beneficial as our relationship with Allah is strong
    • In doing dawah, organizing in this community & this organization, keep & set aside time to make dhikr & personal quality time with Allah
  • The Prophet said, “Example of such a person (who doesn’t make time of Allah) is a candle that burns”
    • Candle illuminates a room. But as it gives off light, it’s burning & withering away. The candle (person) will become puddle of wax. The candle will not only be gone, but also won’t give off light anymore. It will become a distant memory, & that too will be forgotten when the next candle comes along
  • The Prophet said, “Sometimes, Allah will strengthen the imaan of someone through the efforts of a person who himself lives in complete open disobedience to Allah.”
    • Meaning: someone else might benefit from that by strengthening their own imaan when they see someone live in open rebelliousness of Allah

— Utbah & Shayba were watching all of this unfold. They see Addas put the food in front of the Prophet, they see Addas & the Prophet have a conversation, then next thing they know is that Addas is jumping up & kissing the Prophet. “Whoa, what happened there? Nobody saw that coming.”

  • One brother said to other brother, “Muhammad just ruined your slave. He just messed up someone else.”
  • When Addas came back to them with supplies in hand, the brothers said to Addas, “What’s wrong with you, stupid man? Why were you kissing that man’s head, hands, & feet? We just sent you to give him some food, some water. Make sure he’s okay. But you were sitting there kissing his hand, kissing his feet, talking to him forever. What’s going on with you?”
  • Addas said, “O master, there is not a single thing in this entire earth that is better than that man right there. He told me something that only a Prophet would know.”
  • The brothers cursed Addas, “Get out of here. Don’t let him make you change your religion. Your religion is better than his religion.”
    • This was funny coming from them. Addas is a Christian, & Utbah and Shayba are idol-worshippers but even they said that Addas’s religion is better.

— The Prophet stayed there for a while & started his journey again to Makkah after recovery.

Link to the next episode




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