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Sunan Abi Dawud: Kitab Solat October 8, 2014

Filed under: Hadith,Kitab Sembahyang,Sunan Abi Dawud — visitor74 @ 11:00 pm

Abi Dawud Kitab Solat

حدثنا عبد الله بن مسلمة عن مالك عن عمه أبي سهيل بن مالك عن أبيه أنه سمع طلحة بن عبيد الله يقول جاء رجل إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم من أهل نجد ثائر الرأس يسمع دوي صوته ولا يفقه ما يقول حتى دنا فإذا هو يسأل عن الإسلام فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: «خمس صلوات في اليوم والليلة». قال هل علي غيرهن قال: «لا إلا أن تطوع». قال وذكر له رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم صيام شهر رمضان

Telah menceritakan kepada kami [Abdullah bin Maslamah] dari [Malik] dari pamannya yaitu [Abu Suhail bin Malik] dari [Bapaknya] bahwa dia mendengar [Thalhah bin Ubaidullah] berkata; seseorang yang rambutnya kusut masai -dari penduduk Najed – datang kepada Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihi wasallam. Kami mendengar logat suaranya, tetapi kami tidak paham dengan perkataannya hingga dia mendekat dan ternyata dia bertanya tentang Islam. Maka Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihi wasallam berkata kepadanya: “Shalat lima kali sehari semalam.” Dia bertanya lagi; apakah ada kewajiban bagiku selainnya? Rasulullah menjawab: ‘Tidak ada kecuali kamu mahu melakukan yang sunat. ‘ Rasulullah menambahkan puasa bulan Ramadhan, Dia bertanya lagi; ‘apakah ada kewajiban lain bagiku? Rasulullah menjawab: “Tidak ada kecuali kamu mau melakukannya secara suka rela (puasa sunah). Selanjutnya Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihi wasallam menyebutkan tentang sedekah (zakat). Dia bertanya lagi; apakah ada kewajiban yang lain bagiku? Rasul Shallallahu’alaihi wasallam menjawab: ‘Tidak, kecuali kamu mau melakukannya secara suka rela. ‘ kemudian dia mundur ke belakang sambil berkata; ‘Demi Allah aku tidak akan menambah atau mengurangi hal tersebut. Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihi wasallam bersabda: “Dia beruntung jika dia jujur.” Telah menceritakan kepada kami [Sulaiman bin Daud] Telah menceritakan kepada kami [Ismail bin Ja’far Al Madani] dari [Abu Suhail, Nafi’] dari [Malik bin Abu ‘Amir] dengan sanadnya mengenai Hadits ini. Beliau bersabda: ‘Sungguh ia dan bapaknya beruntung akan masuk surga jika ia jujur. ‘

Syarah hadis:
Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan Solat yang wajib, ada khilaf di kalangan ulama mazhab. Imam Hanifah mengatakan bahawa solat witr, solat sunat dua hari raya, adalah ‘wajib’. Lalu bagaimana dengan hadis ini? Jangan keliru. Solat fardhu memang tidak lebih dari lima waktu sahaja. Maka, ada beza antara terminologi ‘fardhu’ dan ‘wajib’. Mereka yang mengatakan solat witr wajib itu tidaklah sampai mereka mengatakan ianya fardhu. Ianya wajib – iaitu kalau ditinggalkan, akan berdosa. Yang fardhu itu tidak ada khilaf – lima waktu sahaja. Kita jangan keliru kerana dalam mazhab Syafie, istilah ‘wajib’ dan ‘fardhu’ sama sahaja. Tapi dalam mazahib lain, mereka menggunakan dalil yang lain. Yang fardhu itu adalah kewajipan dan arahan dari Quran dan yang wajib datang dari hadis. Kerana Nabi tidak pernah tinggalkan solat-solat itu yang mereka kata bahawa solat itu wajib.

Oleh itu, seperti dalam hadis ini, yang fardhu itu hanya lima. Selain solat yang lima itu, solat yang lain adalah yang sunat.

Satu lagi maksud yang boleh diambil dari hadis ini adalah – tidak ada yang wajib kecuali kalau melakukan yang sunat. Apakah maksudnya? Iaitu apabila dah buat yang sunat, maka WAJIB menyempurnakannya. Kalau dah mula buat, kena sempurnakan. Tidak boleh nak tinggalkan separuh jalan. Imam Malik dan Imam Abu Hanifah pegang pendapat ini. Sebagai contoh, kalau dah mula puasa sunat, tak boleh berhenti suka-suka di tengah hari. Kerana ianya telah jadi wajib untuk disempurnakan. Kalau terpaksa berhenti, kena qada’ di hari yang lain. Sebelum memulakan ibadat sunat itu, memang ianya tahap sunat sahaja, tapi kalau dah mula, kena habiskan kerana ianya telah jadi wajib. Mereka berpegang kepada ayat Muhammad:33

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ وَلَا تُبْطِلُوا أَعْمَالَكُمْ

Hai orang-orang yang beriman, taatilah Allah dan taatilah Rasul dan janganlah kamu membatalkan amal-amalmu.

Iaitu mereka berpegang dengan perkataan وَلَا تُبْطِلُوا أَعْمَالَكُمْ – dan jangan batalkan amalan-amalan kamu. Iaitu ianya adalah larangan dari Allah. Menunjukkan ianya wajib. Dalam ayat itu, ianya merangkumi apa-apa amalan sahaja, dengan tidak disebut samada amalan yang dimaksudkan adalah yang fardhu atau yang sunat.

Tapi pendapat ini tidak dipegang oleh mazhab Syafie. Kerana mazhab Syafie pegang hadis seperti hadis yang kita bincangkan ini – hanya lima waktu sahaja yang wajib. Bermakna, amalan yang sunat akan menjadi hukum sunat dari mula sampai ke sudah. Dari awal hingga akhir. Maka, kalau tak habiskan pun tidak jatuh wajib. Jadi, kalau kita berbuka yang sunat pada waktu tengahari, kita tidak perlu menggantikannya di hari yang lain.

Sedekah dalam hadis ini bermaksud ‘zakat’. Kerana perkataan صدق itu dari maksud ‘membenarkan’ iaitu ianya ‘membenarkan iman kita’. Menunjukkan dan membuktikan kita memang orang beriman dengan mengeluarkan wang. Allah suruh kita keluarkan zakat dan kita ikut perintah itu. Manusia memang sayang kepada harta dan untuk membuktikan iman, kena keluarkan zakat itu.

Apakah yang dimaksudkan oleh sahabat itu dengan berkata: “aku tidak akan menambah atau mengurangi hal tersebut”? Kerana Nabi sendiri pun tidak bertanya kepada lagi itu apakah yang dimaksudkannya.

Satu pendapat adalah: ia bermaksud yang sahabat itu nanti akan menyampaikan maklumat yang dia dapat dari Nabi itu. Apabila beliau menyampaikan nanti, beliau akan amanah dan tidak akan menokok tambah dari apa yang telah disampaikan itu.

Makna yang kedua adalah sahabat itu tidak akan buat Fardhu yang lebih dari pada yang telah ditetapkan dan tidak akan berbuat yang kurang. Iaitu kalau solat yang Fardu ada lima waktu sehari semalam, dia tidak jadikan enam.

Ataupun boleh juga bermakna yang sahabat itu akan buat yang fardhu sahaja. Tapi dia akan menjaga yang fardhu itu dengan baik. Ini bermakna meninggalkan yang sunat tidak berdosa.

Tidaklah bermakna yang dia akan buat yang Fardu ini sahaja. Kerana apabila datang kewajipan yang lain maka dia akan melakukannya juga. Sebagai contoh, semasa hadis ini berlaku, ibadat haji belum difardhukan lagi. Kalau sahabat itu panjang umur dan dia bertemu dengan kewajiban Haji, dia akan melakukannya.

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Seerah: Episode 60. An Unlikely Ally October 5, 2014

Filed under: Seerah — visitor74 @ 6:43 pm

— After speaking with Addas & resting for a bit, the Prophet & Zayd bin Haritha picked up their journey back to Makkah

  • During evening, they stopped & camped at a place called Nakhlah, which was very immediately outside of Makkah
  • At the camp, the Prophet was offering the qiyam (night) prayers & reciting Qur’an

— There were a group of 7  jinns passing through Nakhlah & they heard the Prophet reciting the Qur’an. This event is mentioned in Surat Al-‘Ahqaf

  • “And [mention, O Muhammad], when We directed to you a few of the jinn, listening to the Qur’an. And when they attended it, they said, ‘Listen quietly.’ And when it was concluded, they went back to their people as warners.” [46:29]
    • The jinns were passing by the area when they heard the Prophet. The Qur’an was so captivating that the jinn turned their direction & they went up to the Prophet & started listening very intently to the Prophet’s recitation
    • When they got close to the Prophet’s presence, some of the jinn must have been talking & asked, “Why are we stopping? Why are we changing direction?” The other jinn replied, “Be quiet and listen.”
    • When the Prophet was done reciting the Qur’an in his prayer, the jinn turned back to the rest of their tribe as warners
  • They said, “O our people, indeed we have heard a [recited] a Book revealed after Moses confirming what was before it which guides to the truth & to a straight path. O our people, respond to the Messenger of Allah & believe in him; Allah will forgive you your sins and protect you from a painful punishment. But he who does not respond to the Caller of Allah [Muhammad] will not cause failure [to Him] upon earth, and he will not have besides Him any protectors. Those are in manifest error.”  [46:30-32]
    • The jinn called their tribe to answer to the Prophet of Allah. They didn’t say, “Respond to the call of Allah, but answer to the caller (Muhammad) of Allah
    • This was how they understood the message – the jinn who took the Qur’an from the Prophet did not separate the Prophet from the Qur’an. They didn’t understand these two things to be separate & independent, but this does not compromise the sanctity of the Qur’an in any shape or form. The Qur’an & the Sunnah are two separate sources of our deen, but they are not independent of one another. They are connected to one another
    • Word that’s used for protection is yujikum an najaat, but word here used isyujirkum. In olden times, some person in a position of power & influence would grant you protection if you were in some disagreement. If another person approaches you with mal-intent, then it’d be like declaring war on the protector. Same if Allah protects you, & another person attacks you, then that’s like declaring war on Allah.
  • These jinn did not interact with the Prophet. They heard the Qur’an & taught it to their people
    • Later on in the Seerah, the Prophet would go outside of Makkah (to Ukaaz, when there were no annual festivals taking place) with some of his Sahaba to actually dialogue with the jinn. This event will be followed by the revelation of Surat Al-Jinn
  • These ayat was revealed to the Prophet after the jinn left. “You had some interesting visitors tonight, Rasul.”
    • It is a source of comfort for the Prophet, that even though his messages are falling on deaf ears on the Arabs (for 10 years), there was entirely another creation of Allah that was listening to his message (the jinn). The Prophet was rejected by both the largest tribe in Makkah & the largest tribe in Ta’if, & then an unexpected victory presents itself in the form of jinn going back to their tribe as advocates of the Prophet
    • Allah gave the Prophet something he didn’t even expect

— The Prophet was camped out of Makkah, but not going in to Makkah. 2 possible reasons

  • He didn’t think it was smart to go to Makkah because this could be an opportunity for people to attack him. OR
  • Some Sahaba received the news that the Prophet was camped out of Makkah & went meet him there to tell the Prophet that it’s not safe for him to come back yet

— One of the Sahaba, Abdullah bin Uraiqet, was sent by the Prophet to Akhnas bin Shuraikh, who was a Quraysh leader & opponent of the Prophet

  • Akhnas was also one of the 3 individuals (with Abu Jahl & Abu Sufyan) who would go listen to the Prophet’s Qur’an recitation at night
  • Abdullah was sent to ask Akhnas to grant his yujiru/yijara (protection) to the Prophet
    • Akhnas declined. “I can’t help.”

— Abdullah came back with the news that Akhnas won’t grant the Prophet his protection, so then the Prophet sent Abdullah to Quraysh leader Suhayl bin Amr, whose son later accepted Islam

  • Suhayl bin Amr was one of the individuals who was part of the Treaty of Hudaybiya (which occurs a decade later). He was a very pragmatic individual
  • Suhayl was also asked by Abdullah bin Uraiqet to grant his protection to the Prophet
    • Suhayl declined. “I can’t help you. This is a Banu Hashim issue. I’m Banu Amr.”

— Abdullah came back to the Prophet with negative news, so then the Prophet sent Abdullah to Mut’im bin ‘Adi to ask for his protection for the Prophet

  • Mut’im bin ‘Adi was another leader of Quraysh. He had supported Abu Talib & gained a lot of support to end the boycott of the Prophet, Banu Hashim, & other Muslims for those 3 years of the Boycott in the Shib of Abu Talib
    • Mut’im went around, gained some support from other Quraysh members, & led the delegation to end the boycott of Banu Hashim
  • Mut’im was not a Muslim himself, but the Prophet knew that Mut’im was a man of principle & ethics. He stood for the well-being of Muslims during the boycott
    • Mut’im agreed to grant the Prophet his protection
  • The Prophet & Zayd bin Haritha entered Makkah & went straight to house of Mut’im bin Adi
    • They stayed the night & were treated as guests in Mut’im’s home

— The following day, the Prophet & Zayd left the home of Mut’im bin Adi along with his 7  sons, who have strapped themselves with swords. They were all packing heat.

  • The Prophet, Zayd, Mut’im, and Mut’im’s 7  sons all went to the Haram. They enter into the Ka’bah, & everyone sees this gang of people. “They’re rolling heavy.”
  • The 7 sons of Mut’im took out their swords & lined up in a semi-circle with their backs to the Ka’bah
  • Mut’im told the Prophet, “Make tawaaf for your re-entry into Makkah.”
    • This is a longtime tradition, going back to Ibrahim (as). The mushrikoon who would leave Makkah & then return later would do tawaaf around the Ka’bah after returning home. This was their birthright as Makkans

— The Prophet made tawaaf, making the dhikr of Allah

— Abu Sufyan, Abu Jahl, & other opponents of the Prophet were sitting there with their jaws on the floor. They had this whole plan that when Muhammad came back to Makkah, they were going to ambush him, hurt him

  • But now, the Prophet came back to Makkah & had this whole security detail from a leader of Quraysh. Mut’im bin Adi had a reputation of being able to throw down if he needed to; he was not known just for being a diplomat but was also known for his fighting skills. All of his 7 sons were trained by Mut’im
  • Abu Sufyan got up & very peacefully approached Mut’im. Abu Sufyan said, “Are you simply giving Muhammad protection, or are you actually following him now? I’m just asking. Don’t get offended. I just want to know where you stand.”
    • Mut’im replied, “No, I don’t believe in his message. I don’t even understand what he’s talking about, but I am granting him my protection [mujir].”
  • Abu Sufyan said, “In that case, your promise will not be violated.”
    • Meaning, Mut’im gave his word to Muhammad that he would be protected, so if Muhammad is harmed, then it would be like disrespecting Mut’im himself
  • To make a gesture to Mut’im & let him know that he meant when he said that he would not harm Muhammad, Abu Sufyan said “Have a seat, and I will sit with you”
    • Mut’im sat down & Abu Sufyan sat down with him
  • Prophet then left the Haram. Then Mut’im & his 7 sons also walked out with the Prophet
    • Abu Sufyan then back to his gathering letting his crew know that Mut’im was giving Muhammad his protection. “It is what it is, Muhammad’s got protection now.”

— After the Prophet made Hijra about 2 years later, Mut’im still had not accepted Islam. The Prophet received news that Mut’im had passed away

  • Whenever the Prophet asked Hassan bin Thabit (a Sahabi, the Prophet’s personal poet on demand to recite poetry), Hasan would recite poetry from the podium by the minbar at the masjid
  • When Mut’im passed away, Hassan said, “I will say a few words to commemorate Mut’im.”
    • Prophet did not object. Mut’im was not a Believer, but he did show the Prophet respect & granted him protection
  • Hassan recited, “You amongst all the Believers & all the people have granted your protection to the Rasulallah. And because of the kindness, the honor, & dignity that you showed in dealing with the Prophet, the Believers have become slaves to you (indebted to you). We as Believers are indebted to you, Mut’im. You granted support & you granted protection to the Prophet.”

— A few years after Mut’im’s passing, the Battle of Badr took place. This was the first full scale major battle between the Muslims in Medina & the mushrikoon of Makkah.

  • 70+ of the Quraysh were taken as prisoners by the Muslims. The Prophet sat down with the Sahaba to hold a council to decide what to do with the prisoners
  • The Sahaba decided that either their Quraysh prisoners’ families can send ransom OR the prisoners can teach Muslim kids to read & then can go free
  • However, regarding the usara (POWs) of Badr, the Prophet said, “If Mut’im bin Adi were still alive today, and if he would have asked me in regards to these people. As a gift to Mut’im bin Adi, I would have released all the prisoners to him.”
    • That’s how much respect the Prophet had for Mut’im bin Adi

 

 

http://www.qalaminstitute.org/2013/10/seerah-life-of-the-prophet-an-unlikely-allie/

 

Sahih Bukhari: Kitab Waktu Solat: Sesi 49 Bab: Waktu shalat ‘Isya’ Jika Manusia Sudah Berkumpul Atau Belum Datang. October 4, 2014

Filed under: Hadith,Kitab Waktu Solat — visitor74 @ 6:23 pm

Bab waktu isyak

باب وَقْتِ الْعِشَاءِ إِذَا اجْتَمَعَ النَّاسُ أَوْ تَأَخَّرُوا

Bab: Waktu Salat ‘Isya’ Jika Manusia Sudah Berkumpul Atau Belum Datang.

Hafizh Ibnu Hajar mengatakan Imam Bukhari memasukkan tajuk ini kerana hendak menolak pendapat mereka yang mengatakan yang kalau solat Isya’ awal, dinamakan Isya’ dan kalau solat lambat, dinamakan Atamah. Dalam tajuk ini Imam Bukhari hendak menyatakan yang kalau solat Isya itu awal dinamakan Isya’ dan kalau solat itu lambat, dinamakan Isya’ juga. Hanya ada satu nama sahaja kerana nama Isya’ itu diberikan oleh Allah dalam Qur’an sendiri. Tidaklah kalau awal solat itu dinamakan Isya’ dan kalau lambat didambakan Atamah. Tidak.

Hafiz Aini pula tidak bersetuju dengan pendapat Hafizh Ibnu Hajar. Kata beliau, tujuan Imam Bukhari membawakan tajuk ini adalah untuk menceritakan waktu solat Isya’ yang mustahab. Iaitu waktu yang elok untuk dikerjakan solat Isya’. Waktu yang mustahab adalah waktu apabila manusia telah berkumpul. Kalau mudah untuk manusia berkumpul pada awal waktu, maka elok dijalankan solat Isya’ itu di awal waktu. Kalau umat boleh datang lewat, maka dijalankan lewat solat Isya’ itu.

Syeikh Zakariya pula mengatakan tujuan Imam Bukhari membuat tajuk ini adalah untuk membezakan antara solat Isya’ dan solat Subuh. Kalau waktu subuh, Nabi tidak tunggu orang ramai berkumpul, tapi kalau waktu Isyak akan tunggu jema’ah untuk sampai.

Begitulah hebatnya tajuk yang diletakkan oleh Imam Bukhari berbagai-bagai maksud boleh dicapai.

532 ـ حَدَّثَنَا مُسْلِمُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، عَنْ سَعْدِ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو ـ هُوَ ابْنُ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ ـ قَالَ سَأَلْنَا جَابِرَ بْنَ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنْ صَلاَةِ النَّبِيِّ، صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ كَانَ يُصَلِّي الظُّهْرَ بِالْهَاجِرَةِ، وَالْعَصْرَ وَالشَّمْسُ حَيَّةٌ، وَالْمَغْرِبَ إِذَا وَجَبَتْ، وَالْعِشَاءَ إِذَا كَثُرَ النَّاسُ عَجَّلَ، وَإِذَا قَلُّوا أَخَّرَ، وَالصُّبْحَ بِغَلَسٍ‏.‏

532. Telah menceritakan kepada kami Muslim bin Ibrahim berkata, telah menceritakan kepada kami Syu’bah dari Sa’d bin Ibrahim dari Muhammad bin ‘Amru -yaitu Ibnu Al Hasan bin ‘Ali- ia berkata, “Kami pernah bertanya kepada Jabir bin ‘Abdullah tentang salatnya Nabi shallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam. Ia lalu menjawab, “Beliau melaksanakan salat Zhuhur sebaik sahaja matahari tergelincir, salat ‘Ashar ketika matahari masih masih lagi cerah, salat Maghrib ketika matahari sudah tenggelam, sedangkan salat ‘Isya; jika orang-orang telah ramai, maka beliau segerakan, dan jika sedikit (belum berkumpul) maka beliau lewatkan. Dan waktu untuk salat Subuh pada waktu gholas (waktu masih gelap gelita selepas fajar sadiq).”

Isya’ adalah satu-satunya waktu solat yang disepakati boleh dilakukan lewat. Kalau dilakukan lewat, masih lagi dalam waktu mustahab. Kerana ianya bergantung kepada keadaan. Kerana pernah Nabi lakukan waktu lewat. Sampaikan elok kalau dilakukan lewat supaya manusia sempat berkumpul. Tak sama dengan waktu-waktu lain. Nabi sendiri suka untuk melewatkan waktu isya’. Cuma Nabi tidak mahu menyusahkan umat. Maknanya, Nabi suka kalau lewat dilakukan solat isya’. Tapi kalau lewat, nanti menyusahkan umat pula. Dalam keadaan negara kita sekarang, elok ditetapkan bilakah waktu solat Isya’ itu supaya senang jemaah nak tahu bilakah solat itu. Kalau tak tetap, kesian pula kepada jemaah yang tak tahu bilakah solat berjemaah akan dijalankan. Katakan kalau ada yang dah datang awal, tapi kena tunggu pula orang lain nak datang. Itu maknanya sudah menyusahkan orang.

 

Seerah: Episode 59. The Return from Ta’if & the Story of Addas. October 2, 2014

Filed under: Seerah — visitor74 @ 7:22 pm

— This event is narrated by someone in Ta’if, who later accepted Islam

  • When Prophet was leaving Ta’if & he was being throw rocks, being jeered & mocked, he continued to walk along & did not respond to anyone
    • The Prophet kept only asking Allah for strength. He was reciting Surat at-Tariq in its entirety, over & over again for 3 miles
    • “By the sky and the night comer, and what can make you know what is the night comer? It is the piercing star. There is no soul but that it has over it a protector. So let man observe from what he was created. He was created from a fluid, ejected, emerging from between the backbone and the ribs. Indeed, Allah, to return him [to life], is Able. The Day when secrets will be put on trial, then man will have no power or any helper. By the sky which returns [rain] and [by] the earth which cracks open, indeed, the Qur’an is a decisive statement, and it is not amusement. Indeed, they are planning a plan, but I am planning a plan. So allow time for the disbelievers. Leave them awhile.” [86:1-17]
  • The narrator memorized the Surah that day just from listening to the Prophet
    • This was before the narrator became Muslim. He used to read this surah later on in his Salah
  • Later on, Thakeef people saw the narrator listening & repeating the Prophet. They asked the narrator, “What did you hear this man (Muhammad) reciting?”
    • The narrator then recited the Surah for the people. Some of them were very affected by Surat at-Tariq
  • Some of the people who were there who listened to the narrator recite Surat at-Tariq were members of Quraysh, who were visiting Ta’if
    • When the members of Quraysh saw that the members of Thakeef were becoming affected by the Qur’an, the Quraysh interjected, “Whoa, slow down. This guy Muhammad, who came up with this mumbo jumbo, we know him better than you do. We know him very well; he’s one of us. If what he was reciting actually the truth, then we would have followed him a long time ago. We’ve been hearing this for 10 years. So don’t get overly emotional. Don’t get too impressed.” The Quraysh dismissed the narrator

— The Prophet later said of the stoners at Ta’if, “I did not find any type of comfort. I was not able to recover. They did not leave me alone. They did not release from this torture until I reach Qablal Manazen. I raised my head up, & saw a cloud that covered me & shielded me. This showed me that the mercy of Allah was with me.”

  • This experience in Ta’if teaches us something valuable – his dua
  • It’s known that the Prophet is the Habib of Allah – most beloved of Allah’s creations
    • Yet, Allah allowed the Prophet to go through a number of trials. That was not in vain. Mercy of Allah was with him still
  • “I raised my head & there was a cloud covering me, and I saw Jibril inside of that cloud.”
    • The Prophet was being reminded physically when he looks up in the sky that his Lord has not forsaken him. The cloud was from his childhood – way back to the Halimah years
  • After the Prophet made his dua, that’s when Jibril descended down with the angel of the mountains to speak with the Prophet

— After the angels left, the Prophet rested against the tree. Close enough to the tree was a garden that was owned by Utbah & Shayba (sons of Rabi’a). They were very staunch & stubborn adversaries to Islam & the Prophet back in Makkah. Hind & Abu Sufyan were part of this family/gang

  • This garden was like a vacation home for them
  • The sons Utbah & Shayba heard the commotion & witnessed the people of Ta’if pelt Prophet with rocks. They saw Prophet covered in blood. They saw everyone leave & the Prophet making du’a. They also saw Zayd bin Haritha trying to hold up the Prophet since he was close to fainting
    • Even these brothers, who were always against the Prophet, felt compassion & brotherhood for the Prophet after witnessing all this. They had been mocking & torturing the Prophet & his followers for 10 years, but after seeing the Prophet in his bloody compassion, they felt pity toward the Prophet
  • Utbah & Shayba called their slave Addas, a Christian to gather a basket of water, cloth, & grapes and to look after the Prophet
    • Grapes were a very expensive delicacy since they were not common in Arabia

— Addas did as he was told. Addas put down the grapes before the Prophet, & said, “Please eat.”

  • When the Prophet saw Addas, he asked for the kind stranger’s name
    • No matter what came his way, Prophet never forgot his etiquette. Surah Qalam was the 2nd revelation, & it instructed the Prophet to never compromise his akhlakh & adab
    • Addas said, “My name is Addas. Utbah & Shayba, from amongst your tribe, are my masters. They have sent me to you with this food & water to tend to you. Please eat.”
  • The Prophet put his hand in the bowl of grapes, said Bismillah, & then ate
    • Addas looked in the face of Prophet; he was completely staring at the Prophet with his jaw open, with such intensity that the Prophet noticed Addas’s stare on him
    • Addas looked at Prophet very intently, & said, “Wallahi, what you just said – your people don’t say that. Bismillah. You said Bismillah before you ate. Your people don’t talk like this.”
  • The Prophet said, “Well okay. If my people don’t say this, then where are you from? What land/people are you from that you do know this? And what religion do you follow?”
    • Addas said, “I’m Nasrani (Christian). I’m from the people of Neenawah.”
  • Prophet: “Oh, that’s very interesting, you’re from Neenawah. You’re from the same town as the great righteous man, Yunus ibnu Matta.”

— Now Addas is beside himself. He exclaimed, “How do YOU know what Yunus is?” How do you even know the word Yunus? How do you even know the name Yunus? Nobody here knows about Yunus – they’re all idol worshippers!”

  • The Prophet replied, “Of course, I know Yunus. He’s my brother. He was a Prophet, wasn’t he? I am also a Prophet. He was sent by Allah, wasn’t he? I was also sent by Allah. So of course I know him. We belong to the same fraternity.”

— Addas was sitting in front of the Prophet, shocked at this conversation

  • As soon as Muhammad talked about being a Prophet of Allah, Addas sprung forward (jumped) & started to kiss the head of the Prophet. He grabbed & kissed hands of the Prophet. Addas kissed the Prophet’s bloody & torn feet
  • Addas said, “I sit in front of the Messenger of Allah. I grew up learning about these great men. We grew up knowing that we were from the town of a great man (Yunus), and we prided ourselves about this fact. And I get to sit in the presence of one of these men?”
    • Of course, this whole dialogue & scene is expression of the fact that Addas accepted Islam right then & there

— The Prophet’s passion & resilience for sharing Allah’s message to mankind never wavered

  • He’s bloody, bruised, beaten, wounded, yet he continues giving da’wah. But in this situation, he has an entire conversation with a man because maybe just this situation will guide a man to the righteous path, to Allah. The guidance of one individual is important for the Prophet
  • The Prophet told Ali, “Oh Ali, even if one man is guided toward Allah through you, this is better for you than a red she-camel. This is better for you than whatever the world contains.”
    • We say this hadith, but the Prophet lived it. He was beaten, bloody, & exhausted, but if opportunity presented itself to be the means of guidance for one man, a slave, someone that could be overlooked very easily, then the Prophet would go after that opportunity

— Everything that happens in the Prophet’s life is a lesson & a reminder for us. While the Prophet is being stoned, he’s reciting the Book of Allah. When he stops by the tree, he’s making dua. He kept maintaining his connection with Allah, which led him to stay committed to his mission, his imaan, & his proper conduct

  • It doesn’t matter what role we fill or in what capacity we do da’wah. You could be advertising, marketing, working in logistics, cleaning up, speaking, or deliver the message. Only thing to remember is that our dawah will only be as fruitful & as beneficial as our relationship with Allah is strong
    • In doing dawah, organizing in this community & this organization, keep & set aside time to make dhikr & personal quality time with Allah
  • The Prophet said, “Example of such a person (who doesn’t make time of Allah) is a candle that burns”
    • Candle illuminates a room. But as it gives off light, it’s burning & withering away. The candle (person) will become puddle of wax. The candle will not only be gone, but also won’t give off light anymore. It will become a distant memory, & that too will be forgotten when the next candle comes along
  • The Prophet said, “Sometimes, Allah will strengthen the imaan of someone through the efforts of a person who himself lives in complete open disobedience to Allah.”
    • Meaning: someone else might benefit from that by strengthening their own imaan when they see someone live in open rebelliousness of Allah

— Utbah & Shayba were watching all of this unfold. They see Addas put the food in front of the Prophet, they see Addas & the Prophet have a conversation, then next thing they know is that Addas is jumping up & kissing the Prophet. “Whoa, what happened there? Nobody saw that coming.”

  • One brother said to other brother, “Muhammad just ruined your slave. He just messed up someone else.”
  • When Addas came back to them with supplies in hand, the brothers said to Addas, “What’s wrong with you, stupid man? Why were you kissing that man’s head, hands, & feet? We just sent you to give him some food, some water. Make sure he’s okay. But you were sitting there kissing his hand, kissing his feet, talking to him forever. What’s going on with you?”
  • Addas said, “O master, there is not a single thing in this entire earth that is better than that man right there. He told me something that only a Prophet would know.”
  • The brothers cursed Addas, “Get out of here. Don’t let him make you change your religion. Your religion is better than his religion.”
    • This was funny coming from them. Addas is a Christian, & Utbah and Shayba are idol-worshippers but even they said that Addas’s religion is better.

— The Prophet stayed there for a while & started his journey again to Makkah after recovery.

Link to the next episode

 

http://www.qalaminstitute.org/2013/10/seerah-life-of-the-prophet-the-return-from-taif-the-story-of-addas/