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Seerah episode 47: Christian Delegation Accepts Islam in Makkah August 17, 2014

Filed under: Seerah — visitor74 @ 3:56 pm

— After Muslims established a significant presence in Makkah, there was a growing acceptance of their presence even by the non-Believers, that these Muslims were not going anywhere. They were here to stay. This Islam thing isn’t a fad, popular this season & gone the next. Reputable people were among the ranks of the Muslims

— During the 5th year of Nubuwwah, the King of Abyssinia (Nejus) was one of the most prominent & devout Christian rulers at this time. He was also a scholar of scripture. For all accounts, he was an ordained minister

  • His kingdom Habesha was known as a major Christian stronghold
  • Yemen had a Christian presence due to Habesha’s involvement
  • The King was a source of pride for the Christian world

— As-hama, which is the real name of an-Najashi, had accepted Islam, but was keeping it secret. He gave protected status to the Muslim refugees living in his kingdom. He also fixed a stipend for the Muslims so that they would be taken care of. Word of this spread to the other Christian territories

  • Northern Arabia was occupied by Roman armies/Roman Empire (so there was a Christian influence in this region)
  • Arabs in Northern Arabia put two & two together
    • Muhammad is in Makkah. He claims to be a prophet, & has a couple hundred followers, so they are a force to be reckoned with
    • Second thing is that there are Muslims living in the Christian kingdom of Habesha, & they have apparently made such a strong impression on the Christian King that he accepted the Muslims & gave them an allowance
  • This isn’t something that the Northern Arabs can brush off, so they decided to investigate

— In the 5th year of Nubuwwah, 20 men from An-Najd (northern Arabia) came to Makkah. They were some of the most educated people

  • They were sent by their people, from a tribe of Christian Arabs. They were sent as a Christian delegation to explore who is Muhammad and what’s going on?
  • These men arrived in Makkah & introduced themselves as a delegation of Northern Arabia & asked for Prophet. They are met with Quraysh leaders & are later directed to the Prophet at Darul Arqam

— The 20 men sit with the Prophet & have a list of questions for him

  • After they asked all of their questions, the Prophet said, “I answered all of your questions. Now can I present something to you?”
  • They accept the Prophet’s request, seeing how kind & accommodating he was to them
  • The Prophet gave them da’wah & recited some Qur’an to them. He invited the delegation to Allah
  • When the men from An-Najd heard the Qur’an, their eyes became welled up with tears
    • They believed in him & attested to the truth of the message
    • They told the Prophet that some of their men of Scripture have indeed described of the Last Prophet’s coming and his message from Allah. Muhammad matches all of those descriptions

— Those 20 men leave for their home & are met with Abu Jahl & his posse along the way

  • News had spread that the delegation didn’t just come here & talk with the Prophet, but they also accepted his message
  • Abu Jahl became furious that these strangers believed in Prophet and accepted his message
    • First you have more & more people go over to the Prophet’s side
    • Then you have prominent people like Hamza & Umar ibn al-Khattab accepting Islam
    • Then you have a second camp of Muslims set up in Abyssinia
    • Then you have Muslims who go out to other tribes to preach Islam to them
    • And Now you have outsiders – 20 prominent leaders from Christian Arabia – accepting Islam? NO way! We keep losing day by day
  • Abu Jahl intercepted these men & cursed at the men
    • He made a bad dua against them, “May you be ruined on this journey home of yours (something in the age would sound: I hope you get a flat tire). The people in your tribe who sent you here are of your religion, but you left your religion over here. You stabbed them in the back. You were supposed to take back news of this man to your tribe members. You were just supposed to report your research. You were not just satisfied to ask him questions, but what did you have to do? You left your religion & attested to the truth of this man. Your people sent you here to research who this man is, but you sit with him, you leave your own religion & adopt his religion. What’s wrong with you folks? I’ve never seen anyone more stupid than you people. You’re the most unintelligent & foolish delegation in the history of delegations.”

— When the delegation heard all of this from Abu Jahl, they respond to him, “Salamun alaykum. Peace out. You had a lot to say to us, but we don’t have much to say to you. We will not engage in ignorance with you. For us, are our deeds. For you, are your deeds. We intentionally cannot deprive ourselves of good. We came here to research, but we also found khair (goodness), of this life & the akhira. So we’ve embraced what is good. So if you want to trash us because we’ve accepted something good, go ahead. If that makes us foolish, then let it be. We cannot refuse something that is good for us.”

— At this moment, the Prophet received a revelation from Surat al-Qasas

  • “And We have repeatedly conveyed to them the Qur’an that they might be reminded. Those to whom We gave the Scripture before it – they are believers in it.” [28:51-52]
    • Meaning: People who are given the book before the Qur’an truly did believed in Allah, His Prophets, & the Tawhid
  • “And when [the Qur’an] is recited to them, they say, “We have believed in it; indeed, it is the truth from our Lord. Indeed we were [even] before it, Muslims [submitting to Allah].” [28:53]
    • Meaning: We have submitted ourselves to Allah long before the revelation to Muhammad came. If Allah has sent down another messenger, then most certainly we’ll believe in him.
  • “Those will be given their reward twice for what they patiently endured and [because] they avert evil through good, and from what We have provided them, they spend.” [28:54]
  • “And when they hear ill speech, they turn away from it and say, “For us are our deeds, and for you are your deeds. Peace will be upon you; we seek not the ignorant.” [28:55]

— The men from the delegation then went on their way carrying the message of Islam to their tribe

  • Abu Jahl & his men now are beyond angry. This is it. It’s bad enough that people in Makkah are accepting Islam. Now people are coming to Makkah from other places – practioners from other faiths – and accepting Islam
  • Abu Jahl now wants to do something very extreme; keep in mind “extreme” is from the point of view of a man who tried to assassinate the Prophet & tortured many Muslims

— What can we learn from this?

  • Reflect on the character of people. Abu Jahl is a foul-mouthed, angry, & belligerent person. He is not blessed with imaan or khair.
  • The men from the delegation exhibit khair, & responded to Abu Jahl respectfully even though he was rude to them. Allah blessed them with imaan
    • Good things lead to good things
  • If we Muslims desire to grow in our imaan & our khair, the more we exhibit khair, the more it will lead to khair. The very least thing we can do to achieve khair is through good character & good conduct


Link to the next episode



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