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Seerah Episode 53. Uplifting the Fallen August 31, 2014

Filed under: Seerah — visitor74 @ 11:54 pm

— The Prophet would regularly pray at that Baitul Haram. Then he would spend some time there & sit at the Ka’bah, where he would be joined by many of his Sahaba

  • Many of the Sahaba would wait for him beforehand at the Ka’bah. They’d sit around him to learn from him & to just benefit from the company of the Prophet
    • Khabbab, Ammar, Suhaib, & Bilal were former slaves. Many of these Sahaba had been victims of the Quraysh. They would see the Prophet & huddle up around him because they want to learn from him.

— The Quraysh would see these Sahaba sitting around the Prophet & see it as an opportunity to mock them

  • “Look at that. Those are Muhammad’s companions, and he wants us to join him. What Muhammad is trying to say is that Allah has chosen these people over us? That these weak slaves would get preference over us in terms of blessings of what Muhammad calls Islam? If what Muhammad has to offer is so beneficial, then these people wouldn’t have beaten us to it – Allah wouldn’t have chosen these people over us with this realization.”
  • The Quraysh had 2 problems
    • At this point of time, the truth of Islam was making sense to them. They feel inclined to at listen to the message of Islam. But problem is that if they accept Islam now, then someone like Khabbab, Amr, Suhaib (people with perceived low status in Makkan society), then the Quraysh would be admitting that these former slaves figured it out before they did
    • Just going & sitting with them in of itself was a problem since the circle was made of slaves, laborers, or poor people. Quraysh leaders are aristocrat. A Quraysh leader can’t sit with those types of riffraff. What’s everyone else is going to say? What is Abu Jahl going to say? “They’re beneath me; I will be an outcast.”

— These particular Sahaba were aware of the tone of dialogue regarding their status.

  • So of course they felt hurt & dehumanized
    • They were looked down upon & there could have also been some level of guilt: “Am I the reason people aren’t accepting Islam? Am I holding some people back? Maybe I shouldn’t sit with the Prophet anymore, since I’m a deterrent from accepting the message.”
    • The Quraysh looking down upon these Sahaba undermined their confidence as believers & people
  • The Prophet heard about these dialogue about his Sahaba as well, & he is of course, beyond such thoughts about anyone, so it hurt him that his Sahaba were hurt by the bullying of Quraysh

— Allah revealed some ayat from Surat An’am regarding this issue

  • “Do not ever cast aside or overlook those who call out to their Lords in the morning and evening. All they want in this life is the pleasure of Allah. You are not accountable on their behalf, nor will they have to answer on your behalf. Then you would become one of the oppressors.”
  • “Don’t ever overlook them. Don’t underestimate them, because if you were to overlook their value & the khair Allah has placed in them, then that would be indicative of the fact that you’re more inclined toward the glitz and glamour of this world. Do not ever give in or fall victim to the rhetoric/propaganda of someone whose heart Allah says has made devoid of remembrance (people like Abu Jahl – no dhikr or imaan in their hearts). All of their efforts are in vain. No fruits will come about from what the Quraysh are doing.”
  • “And when those come to you who believe in Our verses & miraculous signs, say, ‘Peace be upon you. Your Lord has decreed upon Himself mercy that any of you who does wrong out of ignorance and then repents after that and corrects himself – indeed, He is Forgiving and Merciful.” [6:52-54]
  • “This is a test that We have created amongst people. Some are a test for others amongst them. That’s why they are unable to believe that God has blessed these (weak Sahaba). Doesn’t Allah know best about those people who are truly grateful to Him?”

— There’s a clash in Makkan society – those who believe & those who don’t

  • The people who accept the Message & keep company of the Prophet come from unfortunate & low social circumstances. The people who oppose the Message & defame the Prophet come from the elite & wealthy status
    • This is how Allah teaches us that wealth, fame, power, popularity, & seniority are not prerequisites to imaan. If it were, then Abu Lahab, Walid bin Mughira, Abu Jahl would have accepted Islam
    • A person’s faith can be influenced by their circumstances without a doubt, but it doesn’t necessitate faith. Faith is not inherently more available or afforded to people of power or money or influence. Similarly, it’s not more natural or more afforded to impoverished people
    • Rather, it is gratitude that Allah rewards with faith. The grateful are rewarded with imaan
  • When inspiring imaan with people (dawah work), you need to instill an attitude of gratitude – to remind people of how blessed they are
    • Gratitude leads to imaan
    • Allah didn’t say that the Believers, the Muslims, the downtrodden, & the impoverished are the ones blessed with imaan – those who are grateful are blessed with imaan
    • Once that imaan enters the heart, whether the person is at top or the bottom, that person will submit to Allah

— When Ammar (ra) came to Quba (ran off to Abyssinia, then to Makkah, then to Medina), he was homeless & sleeping in the masjid. He had no family, no food, & was wearing all the clothes that he owned. He had only a small sack with his belongings

  • When the Prophet came to Quba, he was the VIP of all VIPs. He was the ultimate guest of honor
    • All the families were standing out to greet the Prophet, each bearing gifts. These people were all ready to invite the Prophet into their homes & feed him
    • Hundreds of faithful were there to welcome the Prophet. Little kids were singing to welcome the Prophet, presenting him with gifts & flowers
  • In the midst of all this fanfare, the Prophet saw Ammar standing there. Amr was a vagrant (no home & no family), & the only thing that kept him going was to be able to see the Prophet again
    • The Prophet saw Ammar & said, “Marhaba, that’s the most beautiful man I’ve ever seen! I missed you!”
    • The Prophet called Ammar out from the crowd & gave him a hug in front of everyone. Can you imagine the feeling that Ammar would have?

— Later the Prophet sat down with all the food nicely presented in front of him

  • Suhaib, one of the Sahaba who had to give up everything to make hijra, was also there at Quba. Suhaib was blocked by some Makkans who wouldn’t let him leave, but he managed to convince them to let him go in return for his hard-earned money & possession. He was also like Ammar, with no home, family, or money
    • The Prophet invited Suhaib over, shared food with him, & joked with him
  • Suhaib picked up the dates & he had a sore eye
    • One of the rules at that time was that if you had an infection, you weren’t supposed to eat dates. It wasn’t good for the infection
  • The Prophet saw this, & said, “Whoa, easy there. Got an infection in your eye. You gonna eat those dates?”
    • This was the Prophet paying close attention to his Sahaba. Never mind that the Prophet was surrounded by admirers, but he had the utmost love & respect for his Sahaba, some of whom who came from nothing & had nothing
  • Suhaib replied, “Don’t worry ya Rasul. I’m eating it from the other eye.”
    • This was the relationship between the Prophet & his Sahaba. They were tight. Allah told the Prophet, “Tell them that not only you love them, but Allah loves them as well.”

— “Your Lord has mercy upon Himself”

  • Arabic expression for your Lord will deal with you in a merciful manner. Your Lord’s policy with you is mercy. If you ever mess up, your Lord’s policy is that if you ever mess up from ignorance, but if you repent & correct your course of action, then you will most definitely be forgiven & treated to Allah’s mercy

 

Link to the next episode

http://www.qalaminstitute.org/2013/10/seerah-life-of-the-prophet-uplifting-the-fallen/

 

Seerah episode 52: Prophetic Bodyslam – How the Prophet Gave Dawah

Filed under: Seerah — visitor74 @ 2:47 pm

— Even after 10 years of hardship, the Prophet had no quit in him

  • He was still motivated to preach. He didn’t take a moment’s leave from his life mission – give da’wah

— 3 primary characteristics of a da’i (person who sets out on the objective of sharing the truth of Islam to people), as embodied by the Prophet

  • Have full conviction in what you are teaching
  • Be motivated & driven about the teaching of the message. Don’t give up easily
    • In first day & a half that Abu Bakr was Muslim, he brought 7 people to Islam
    • Abu Bakr wasn’t obnoxious; he was that one person who was beloved by everyone
    • The Prophet said about Abu Bakr, “The most merciful of my ummah towards my ummah is Abu Bakr.”
  • Be tactful. Don’t be abrasive when giving dawah
    • It’s one thing for people to not agree or accept your message; that’s in the hands of Allah. But if people are finding you abrasive in the way that you approach people & teach them, then you need to revisit the example of the Prophet & learn some tact
    • Persian scholars used the following terms, & take those into consideration when giving da’wah
      • Mardun shunasi: know who you’re talking to
      • Moka shunasi: know the circumstance (situation, time)

— “Hirs” – To desire something, to work to achieve to acquire something

  • This word is used to describe the pursuit of material things: wealth, fame, etc.
  • Allah uses this word figuratively as well
    • Haris al alaykum: well-being of others
    • The Prophet was concerned about our well-being

— During the post-boycott period (10th year of Nabua, when the Prophet is 50 years old), there was a famous man named Rukana, who was from Banu Abd Munaf, & a distant relative of the Prophet

  • Rukana was very well-known as ashaddu-Quraysh (strongest man of Quraysh)
    • Shaykh Abdul: “You know how they have the World’s Strongest Man Competition? They’re not even human beings. They don’t even look like human beings. They’re usually like 6’ 8”, and about as wide as this table.”
  • Makkah would have carnivals, bazaars, & the season of Hajj, festivals
    • Rukana would show up at these functions & display a show of strength. He would wrestle 5 people at one time or lift heavy things. He was a celebrity for these things

— The Prophet once ran into Rukana in one of outskirts of Makkah, where bazaars were set up

  • They both see each other, but Rukana pretended that he didn’t see the Prophet & kept on walking
  • The Prophet called out, “Ya Rukana, don’t you have any consciousness of God & that you’d accept what I invite you to?”
  • Rukana replied, “Ya Muhammad, if I know what you’re saying is the truth, why wouldn’t I follow you?”

— Ibn Kathir says that the Prophet then presented the challenge of wrestling (more authentic). Other narrations say it was Rukana who challenged the Prophet

  • The Prophet didn’t start da’wah by giving Rukana a lecture. He is talking to someone physically gifted, someone who makes his living by wrestling. Rukana’s whole world is being the strongest man in Quraysh, so that’s how the Prophet approaches him, by asking Rukana to wrestle, not by reciting the Qur’an to him initially
  • The Prophet said, “Hey, Rukana, how about we wrestle? What do you think about that?”
  • Rukana is of course very confident in his abilities, so he accepts the Prophet’s challenge
    • this is like challenging Muhammad Ali to one-on-one boxing, So of course, he’s gonna be like, ‘Alright, sure…
  • The Prophet said, “If I beat you in wrestling, then will you understand that what I’m saying is the truth?”
    • Keep in mind that Rukana is not the man who gets knocked down. He is the one who knocks.
    • Rukana was not only young & the strongest man in Quraysh, but the Prophet at this time was 50 years old
  • Rukana said, “Yes, I’m ready to go. If you beat me, I’ll acknowledge that what you’re saying is the truth.”

— Rukana stood up & started to wrestle the Prophet

  • The Prophet grabbed him, and slammed Rukana on his back
    • Shaykh Abdul: “Just try to get the mental image of me dunking over Dirk Nowitzki. It’s preposterous.”
  • The Prophet picked up this mountain of a man, & just slammed him on his back
  • The Prophet slammed Rukana flat on his back, & the wind gets knocked out of Rukana
    • Rukana has never been beaten, so being body slammed was an alien experience to him. Rukana was so dazed that he couldn’t even get up for a few moments

— After getting up, Rukana said, “Let’s go again, Muhammad. You were hustling me.”

  • They wrestled again, & the Prophet slams Rukana again & pinned him down
    • Rukana is on the ground, pinned down, & said, “O Muhammad, wallahi, this is the most bizarre thing that’s happened to me. You keep beating me!”

— The Prophet said, “If you will be conscious of Allah & listen to what I have to say to you, then I’ll show you something amazing. ’l’ll show you something even more bizarre & amazing than me slamming you twice.”

  • Rukana asked, “What is that?”
  • The Prophet said, “You see that tree over there in the distance? I will call that tree toward me, and that tree will move towards me.”
  • Rukana said, “Do it.”
  • The Prophet called the tree, “By the command of Allah, I ask you to come to me.”
    • The tree moved from its spot & stood right next to Prophet
    • Then the Prophet told the tree, “Return to your place,” and the tree moved back to where it was

— When the Prophet visited Makkah at the time of Fathul Makkah (Conquest of Makkah), he was with some Sahaba

  • The Prophet walked by a big boulder that had always been there. The Prophet stopped in his steps & looked at the rock, & told his Sahaba, “Long before the Iqra (the First Revelation), this rock used to say salaam to me. I didn’t know what to make of that, so I would keep walking.”
  • Allah tells us in the Qur’an that each & every single thing in the creation of Allah praises & glorifies Allah, but “You are unable to comprehend & understand.”
    • Allah doesn’t say, “You don’t hear”, but He says, “You are unable to comprehend.”
    • From the sounds that animals make to thunder, the sound of streams & rain, trees blowing in the wind – we don’t comprehend that these creations all glorify Allah
  • Those same creations of Allah also recognize  the Prophet & attest to his Prophethood

— Ibn Kathir presents 2 narrations of what happened next (after the tree moved back to its place)

  • One narration mentions that after Rukana sees this, he doesn’t say anything, & goes to his family & says, “Everything existing in the face of this earth has now been enchanted by the magic of this man. I’ve never seen a greater magician than Muhammad.”
    • Then Rukana told his family what he saw. He did not accept Islam
    • This narration of Rukana not believing in Islam is authentic

— Another (more authentic) narration

  • Rukana & Prophet wrestled 3 times (Prophet wins all 3 times). In the beginning, they made sort of a bet
  • Rukana said, “If you beat me, I’ll give you 100 goats.”
  • The Prophet said, “There’s no need. I don’t need your goats.”
  • Rukana pledged 100 more goats for each time the Prophet beat him. He was arrogant, & very confident in his abilities, so he didn’t think that the Prophet would beat him
    • The ayat about gambling being forbidden had not been revealed yet, but people of high caliber considered gambling to be an immoral practice
  • The Prophet said, “I don’t want your wealth. I just want you to listen to my message.”

— Rukana is taken aback when the Prophet defeated him in wrestling, not once but 3 times

  • The Prophet then called the tree & told Rukana about Islam
  • Rukana said, “Ya Muhammad, nobody has ever put my back to the ground. To be honest with you, when you saw me earlier today, you saw me give you the cold shoulder. I didn’t acknowledge your presence because there’s nobody on this earth that I hate more than I hate you. I dislike you. I don’t like what you stand for. I don’t like the people that keep company with you. I just don’t like you. But what I’ve experienced today leads me to the undeniable truth of Islam, & I bear witness that there is no one worthy of worship except Allah & you’re the Messenger of God.”
    • The Prophet replied, “Alright, Rukana, mubarak. Now get going before I body slam you again. You can keep your goats.”

— The Prophet approached each person as appropriate to their personalities. Da’wah isn’t a one-size-fits-all type of deal. If we want to be effective in preaching Islam, we have to interact & understand people first.

  • “Whilst the truth of Islam is a truth of its own right, Prophet Muhammad recognized that as individuals, we all have different interests. In this scenario, the Prophet appealed to Rukana, a famous wrestler, with the thing which he was most famous for, wrestling. Thus, whilst the preaching of the truth of Islam remained constant, it was the approach to inviting Rukana to Islam which was specific to Rukana’s nature
  • Similarly, when we take steps to teach people about Islam, we should endeavor to do so not only on the simple truths of Islam, but on a platform and an environment which they can understand, and fully appreciate the values of Islam, and Allah knows best”

— So we see that the Prophet did not only preached with his words all the time, even though he was a very gifted speaker. In the Medinan era of Prophethood, the Prophet once gave a lecture straight to his Sahaba from Fajr to Dhur

  • Not a single person moved from his place, until they got up to pray Dhur
  • Then the Prophet talked straight until Asr. They didn’t move until they got up to pray Asr
  • Then the Prophet talked from Asr to Maghrib, & not a single person moved until they got up to pray Maghrib
  • Then the Prophet talked from Maghrib to Isha, & not a single person moved. Finally, after praying Isha, the Prophet said, “Alright, everyone go.” That’s when the Sahaba left
    • The Prophet understood that these Sahaba had enough training & development of Imaan, so they would be able to sit through & listen to the lecture for a full day

— Shaykh Abdul shares a story from his student days

  • When Shaykh Abdul was young, he had a teacher named Maulana Tariq Jameel, who was very well-known for preaching throughout Pakistan & other parts of the world
  • Shaykh Abdul traveled with Maulana Tariq to visit a wealthy landowner, who was usually busy
    • It was difficult to gain an audience with this individual, but Shaykh Abdul & Maulana Tariq were able to meet with this busy man at his estate
    • It was known that this man would give visitors just 10 minutes tops of his time, & then he’ll go to take care of his affairs
  • This man came out to meet Shaykh Abdul & Maulana Tariq, & they said salaam to each other. Maulana Tariq is a huge & well-known scholar, but it didn’t register with the man that Maulana Tariq is anyone “noteworthy.” The man came out, said salaam, & asked, “How can I help you?”
    • Maulana Tariq said, “I noticed you have some stables on your estate. Do you have horses?”
    • The man replied, “Yes, I do!”
    • Maulana Tariq asked, “What kind of horses?”
    • The man talked a bit about his horses, probably wondering whether the Maulana knows a lot of horses to begin with
    • Maulana Tariq then talked about different lineages, builds, breeds, speed of various types of horses
  • Shaykh Abdul: “I had no idea what they were talking about. I’m from Texas. If anybody should have known horses, it was me, but I didn’t even know what they were talking about.”
  • The man & Maulana Tariq talked for 2 hours (rather than the 10 minutes that was expected)
    • About 30 minutes into the conversation, the man called one of his workers for some tea. After another 30 minutes, the man called for some juice. At the end of that 2 hour conversation, the man invited Maulana Tariq & Shaykh Abdul to have lunch with him
    • During lunch, they were able to talk about other things & the man agreed to accommodate some of the requests that Maulana Tariq had
  • Shaykh Abdul: “It was remarkable, but when I was sitting there for 2 hours, and I was still a young-un at that point, I would understand now what the Shaykh was doing, but I was a young-un at that point, you know, a student of knowledge,  you know?”
    • “So I’m sitting there thinking, ‘This is a shaykh who is an ocean of ilm & he’s sitting here talking about something like the dunya, like horses. Astagfirullah, astagfirullah.’ I took out my tasbeeh & started doing istighfar, ‘Talking about the dunya, Astagfirullah, astagfirullah.’ And I’m just sitting there thinking, ‘Two hours you talk about horses, like what kind of da’wah is this?’”
    • “Only to realize that after 2 hours, this man, who was known to be confrontational, who was known to have dislike for religious people, invited us to his home, breaks bread with us, introduces us to his children, his family. We actually ended up praying inside his home. The shaykh led the prayer. We all made jamaat. Then finally at the end, this man accommodates our request & actually came out to one of the shaykh’s programs after that.”
  • So this is wisdom. This is da’wah.
    • After 10 years of preaching (10 years), even with Makkans still pitted against Muslims, even with the likes of Abu Jahl against the Prophet, the Prophet still hadn’t lost his motivation. He was just as driven & inspired as he was from Day 1

 

Link to the next episode

http://www.qalaminstitute.org/2013/08/seerah-life-of-the-prophet-prophetic-bodyslam-how-the-prophet-gave-dawah/

 

Seerah episode 51: The Amazing Story of Tufayl bin ‘Amr from Daws

Filed under: Seerah — visitor74 @ 12:49 pm

— Summary of the First 10 years of Nubuwwah (Prophethood)

  • First 3 years of Nubuwwah was private & quiet
  • Then 4 years (when Islam became public) of persecution, torture, assassination attempts, migration to Abyssinia
  • Then 3 years of isolation & exile

— These 7 years were emotionally taxing for both the Prophet & the Believers

  • One of the blessings during those trying times was that non-Muslims led the end of the Boycott of Banu Hashim. They were sympathetic to the sufferings of the Muslims
    • Many Muslims were also receiving protection from the non-Muslims in the community

— Allah continues to provide Prophet with solace & wins

  • Suffering was by no means over. There were more difficult times ahead in the life of the Prophet
    • Year of Sorrow, when both Khadijah & Abu Talib passed away
    • Journey to Ta’if, where the Prophet was stoned
    • Prevented re-entry to Makkah
  • Allah consoles the Prophet, by giving him certain wins here & there. If a person keeps experiencing difficulty without any relief along the way, then that person will become fatigued
  • Surat Yasin talks about this reality to the Prophet, “Decisions have been made that a lot of these people will not believe. But you, Muhammad, are there to warn people who will follow you and congratulate those people with forgiveness & reward.”

— Spiritual fatigue & exhaustion is definitely a reality, because you can’t expect to have high Imaan all the time

  • The Prophets of Allah are perfect, & their spirituality is defined divinely & developed divinely
    • Part of their divine training is acknowledging that they have a task, & they should keep doing that task, knowing full well that it’s going to be difficult along the way
    • Even a Prophet needs small victories along the way to the ultimate goal
  • Allah taught us that even the Prophet needed small victories along the way because of the human reality of adversities
    • E.g. Prophet were consoled with the acceptance of Islam by Hamza & Umar ibn al-Khattab

— In terms of the ummah, none of us are divinely trained or inspired. We take training & inspiration directly from the divine source (the Qur’an), but we are not divinely connected (through revelations)

  • Leadership & scholarship of the community are responsible for the continued spiritual development of the individual & community at varying levels
  • At the higher level, we begin to take things for granted  & we tend to forget that spiritual fatigue & exhaustion is a reality
  • “Oh brother/sister if you were doing it for Allah or if you were sincere, then you’d not be fatigued in your deen.”
    • This rhetoric is contradictory to what Qur’an tells us. This is spiritual blackmail
    • For continued spiritual development, you need small victories, as shown from the Prophet’s life

— Prophet & his Sahaba had just come out from 3 years of trauma, only to deal with even more adversity

— Tufayl ibn Amr al-Dawsi was the leader of his tribe, Daws

  • He was also considered a great intellectual of his people & a source of pride for his people
  • The Quraysh recognized Tufayl’s status among his people
    • When Tufayl came to Makkah, all the leaders of Quraysh gathered to welcome Tufayl. Part of this was also to let him know of the situation in Makkah about a man claiming to be a Prophet & how a bunch of people are following him
  • The Quraysh told Tufayl, “We don’t want you to think we’re not on top of our game.”
    • They also want to warn him about the Prophet because of the potential disaster here
    • Tufayl is a leader of his people, he’s a genius, & he has a great reputation, but if he ended up falling prey to the Prophet’s rhetoric, then the Quraysh will have a tough time explaining it to people
  • Tufayl, when recalling this incident, said that the Quraysh forbade him from meeting with Prophet or listening to him
    • In fact, the leaders wouldn’t even let Tufayl leave until he swore to them that he will not meet with or listen to the Prophet, so much so that they scared him
    • Basically the next morning, when Tufayl decided to go to the Haram, he stuffed his ears with cotton before he left to go to the Haram

— Tufayl went to the Haram, minding his own business. He recalled, “I saw the Prophet praying near the Ka’bah, & I was intrigued. My natural mode was to investigate. I stood close to him, but I had trouble listening to him so I came close enough to listen to him, & I heard very beautiful things (the Qur’an).

  • Tufayl thought to himself, “What’s wrong with you? Why didn’t your mother disown you? I’m an intelligent man who’s very well-acquainted with poetry & eloquence. I can tell the difference between good & bad, between right & wrong. Maybe these simple-minded Quraysh can’t. So what’s preventing me from objectively listening to & analyzing what this man Muhammad has to say? If in reality what he has to say is remarkable, then I’ll embrace it. If what he says is reprehensible, then I’ll walk away from it. Really, what is there to lose?”
  • Tufayl stayed until the Prophet was done with his salah. Then he followed the Prophet to him home
    • Then he either knocked on the door of the Prophet or stuck his foot in Prophet’s door to stop it from closing
  • Tufayl said, “Ya Muhammad, there’s no reason to be alarmed, but your people have been saying this-and-this about you.  They kept on scaring me, so much so that I stuffed cotton in my ears. Then I decided to give you a fair chance & I decided to listen to you, & I heard something beautiful. So I’m asking you to make your presentation. I’m a fair man.”
    • The Prophet then presented Islam to Tufayl. The Prophet recited the Qur’an to him

— The Prophet was a very eloquent man. The Prophet was able to say a whole lot with very little words; there are 2-worded hadith, & one of these hadith alone would take hours to explain. But when he preached, he usually would use Quran as his mean of da’wah.

  • The Qur’an tells us, “We did not teach him poetry because it was not appropriate for him. Muhammad is the vessel & medium for divine revelation, so to not create any doubt about what is divine revelation vs. what is his poetry, Allah sealed the deal & did not teach the Prophet poetry.”
    • The Prophet didn’t even like to make his duas rhyme. He didn’t like overdoing things in making things rhyme & make it sound poetic
    • The Prophet didn’t forbid poetry, but he was just naturally eloquent
  • Subhannallah wa bihamdi, subhanallah al adheem
    • Light on tongue, heavy in deeds, beloved to Ar-Rahman – this is one of the beautiful hadith that shows how eloquent the Prophet was – this hadis can be found in Sahih Bukhari.

— After the Prophet recited the Qur’an, Tufayl said, “Wallahi, the Quraysh were wrong. I’ve never heard anything more beautiful & balanced (intellectually sound & pure) than the Qur’an.”

  • Tufayl took his Shahadah then and there
  • Tufayl said, “Ya Nabi Allah, I’m a man who is listened to amongst his people. I will go back & invite my people to Islam.”

— Scholars of Hadith & Seerah mention that the following part of the story is mursal (debated) in its authenticity

  • Tufayl said to the Prophet, “Make dua that Allah provides for me some type of miracle that will help me invite my people toward Islam.”
  • The Prophet made dua, “O Allah, make a sign for him.”
  • Tufayl then left for his city. All of a sudden, light shone from his forehead
    • Tufayl made dua, “O Allah, not in my face. Don’t put that sign on my face because my people will think that something bizarre is going on with me.”
  • He had a walking (traveling) staff. The top of his walking staff began to glow with noor

— Tufayl got back home, & the first person he met was his father

  • Because he was an intellectual & an academic, Tufayl was direct & straightforward
    • His people worshipped an idol. Tufayl didn’t really jive with it, but now that he accepted Islam, he now had little-to-no tolerance with this idol worship
  • His father is an elderly man. Tufayl said, “You & I are very different now, Father. You & I have different understanding of things.”
  • His father asked, “Why, my son?”
  • Tufayl said, “I have accepted Islam & way of life taught by Muhammad.”
  • His father said, “My beloved son, my religion is your religion. I trust you. I know that you want what’s best for me, so I’m in agreement with you.”
  • Tufayl said, “Go take a shower & clean your clothes. Then come to me so I can teach you what I’ve been taught.”
  • Tufayl’s father did as asked. He came back & Tufayl taught him about Islam, & his father accepted

— Tufayl did the same with his wife. He gave dawah to her, & she accepted Islam as well

  • Dhush-shira was the idol that Tufayl’s people worshipped
    • Women had responsibility of offering devotion to the idol
  • Tufayl said to his wife: “Absolve yourself of any obligation to the idol. Hands off. You’re done with that.”
    • She accepted Islam later

— Tufayl then went to address his people about Islam, but they didn’t accept Islam

  • Tufayl then went back to Makkah, to meet with the Prophet
    • Tufayl recalled, “I was basically beaten by fornication (the people of Daws care more about their decadent lifestyle).” The people of Daws were obsessed with alcohol & fornication
  • Tufayl said, “O Rasulallah, make dua upon the people of Daws. Pray against these people. Pray for the destruction of these people.”
  • The Prophet raised his hands to make dua. Some narrations say that the Sahaba who were there say that they were terrified for the people of Daws.
    • But when Prophet parted his lips, he said, “Oh Allah, guide the people of Daws. Bless the people of Daws with guidance.”
  • The Prophet told Tufayl, “Now you go back to your people. Invite them to Allah.”
  • Tufayl replied, “Check. Already tried that.”
  • The Prophet said, “Be very gentle. Be very kind with them. Give them time. Nurture their imaan.”

— Tufayl went back. Again, he was not successful. Tufayl tried his best, but he wasn’t built to be very nurturing; he tended to be a bit harsh & direct. He had to be gentle with people & invite his people Allah on the methodology of Prophet’s dawah

  • Tufayl recalled, “I continued to stay & invite my people to Islam until the Messenger migrated to Yathrib. Not only did he migrate to Medina, but 2 years passed & Battle of Badr happened, & another year passed & Battle of Uhud happened, & 2 years passed & Battle of Trench happened, until I reached Rasulallah at Battle of Khyber (5 and ½ years into the Medinan era).”
  • Tufayl had been living & preaching amongst his people for eight years
    • This is the same guy who went home & returned to Makkah 2 days later, with the mentality, that’s it. They’re done; just make dua that Allah destroys this people. Let’s just cut our losses. You got me, my dad, my wife; the three of us are good to go. You can’t win ‘em all
    • This same guy went back & stayed with his people for over 8 years, preaching to them in baby steps, inviting them to Islam & guiding them in their new religion

— Tufayl then arrived in Medina with 70-80 baytamin dawsen (70 families of tribe of Daws; perhaps 500 people).”

  • These 500 people recognized Allah. Tufayl started from the bottom, with just his father & wife accepting his dawah, and now 8 years later, he raised up to 500 new Muslims
  • Tufayl recalled, “I stayed with Prophet at Khyber until Allah gave the Prophet victory over Makkah. I asked the Rasulallah to send me to the tribe that worships Dhil Kafain so that I can destroy that idol.”

— The Prophet sent Tufayl to that place. Tufayl has been holding it in for 8 years (a model of patience) & now wants to wreak some havoc

  • As Tufayl was destroying the idol, he said, “O Dhul Kafain, you are not to be worshipped. What we worship is much older than what you worship. I have put fire inside of your mouth (I’m burning you from the inside out).”
  • Tufayl then came back to Medina & stayed with the Prophet until he passed away

— Many of the Bedouin tribes left Islam after the Prophet’s death. Tufayl went out there to deal with that situation

  • Tufayl had a son that time as well
  • Tufayl had a dream, in which his head had been shaved. A bird came out from his mouth. Then he was entered back into the womb of a woman. Tufayl’s son is in the dream. They’re trying to reach to each other, but are unable to
  • Interpretation of the dream was realized as Tufayl was dying. Tufayl was injured in a battle, & died as a shahid
    • His shaved head meant that he receive a fatal wound
    • Bird being released from his mouth meant his soul leaving
    • Entering the womb meant he would enter earth (grave)
    • Being unable to reach his son meant that his son was also injured in that battle, but recovered & died in another battle as a shahid

Link to the next episode

http://www.qalaminstitute.org/2013/08/seerah-life-of-the-prophet-the-amazing-story-of-tufayl-bin-amr-from-daws/

 

Seerah episode 50: Uthman bin Mazh’un Returns to Makkah & Abu Bakr Attempts to Leave August 29, 2014

Filed under: Seerah — visitor74 @ 4:41 pm

— During the social boycott of Abdul Mutallib’s family (Banu Hashim), there was some campaigning going on in Makkah amongst some influential people – they recruited others to gather support & state a case in protest of the boycott. Even though they were not muslims, but they already see that the boycott is something which is abhorrent.

— A man named Hisham went to a famous leader of Quraysh named Zuhair bin Abi Umayyah bin Al-Mughira

  • Hisham said, “Ya Zuhair, you’re a decent man. Are you telling me that you’re okay with the fact that you eat food, you wear good clothes, & interact with people and do business & enjoy family & everything else that life in Makkah brings you, when you know that your own uncles are going through what they’re going through?”
  • Zuhair replied, “No, absolutely not. I’m not okay with this, but what am I supposed to do?”
    • He referred to Abu Jahl (aka Abul Hakam) & all the influence he & others have over this boycott being maintained. Zuhair said, “We need to grow our numbers.”

— Hisham then went to Mut’im bin Adi (an uncle of the Prophet), & asked him, “Are you okay with witnessing two entire extended families (Banu Abdul Mutallib & Banu Hashim) being completely wiped out?”

  • Mut’im bin Adi said, “No, I’m not okay with it, but what should I do? I’m only one man. I need a second person to stand with me in this cause.”
  • Hisham said, “You have a second person. That’s me.”
  • Mut’im said, “Well, we need to find a third.”
  • Hisham replied, “I’ve already arranged that.”
  • Mut’im asked, “Who?”
  • Hisham said, “Zuhair.”
  • Mut’im said, “Now we need a 4th person to stand with us.”

— They went to a 4th person, Abul Bukhtari, a nephew of Khadijah who was smuggling food to the Shib Abu Talib. They have the same conversation, knowing that he is against the boycott.

  • Abul Bukhtari agreed with Hisham, & said they need a 5th person
    • They went to Zam’a bin al-Aswaad, the father of Sawda (the 2nd wife of the Prophet after Khadijah’s passing). Zam’a joins them as well

— These 5 men decided that they need to gather together in the evening to protest the boycott

  • They went to the Haram, with Zuhair leading the protest. Zuhair did tawaf first, then addressed the Makkans
  • Abu Talib talked as well, & the Prophet later told his uncle about the scrolls. That’s when the boycott ended

— People who were not Muslim at that time, who also did not accept Islam later on, spoke up against the injustice of the boycott

  • Still, they put together a protest to alleviate the sufferings of the Muslims

— A previously mentioned incident was when the Prophet recited Surat Al-Najm out loud at the Haram in front of everyone, & its final ayat was “So prostate to Allah and worship [Him].”

  • That’s when everyone – both Muslim and non-Muslims alike – fell into sujood. This started the rumor that all of Makkah had become Muslim
    • This rumor reached Abyssinia, so many of the expats returned to Makkah
  • This return to Makkah occurred just after the boycott ended
    • These immigrants to Abyssinia stopped a bit outside of Makkah & heard the truth of the matter
    • Some headed straight back to Habesha while others continued on to Makkah to more danger – the Quraysh were more aggressive than before

— There was a system in Makkah that was widely respected – if a person of honor & dignity granted protection to someone, then that person would be safe from any type of persecution or violence. That person would be safe for the sake of the honorable man’s respect

  • The expats who returned were looking for that type of protection

— Uthman bin Mazh’un was one of those people, looking for protection to be able to reside safely in Makkah

  • He went to Al Walid bin Mughira to seek out his protection, even though Walid strongly opposed the Prophet
    • Walid was no friend of the Muslims, but Walid, being a cousin of Uthman, did grant Uthman his protection
  • Uthman was then able to  walk around Makkah safe & sound
    • Whenever this type of protection was granted, the procedure was to go to the Haram to address the public that “Hey, this man is under my protection now. Violating this person’s safety & security would be an insult to me & will be dealt with accordingly.”

— Uthman, seeing the persecution of other Muslims, said to himself, “I swear by God, my mornings & my evenings are safe & sound due to the protection of a man who’s from the people of shirk, while my companions in faith are dealing with test & trial that I am not afflicted with. I find this to be a problem that I can live safely & everyone else suffers.”

  • Uthman went to Walid & said, “Ya Aba Abd Shaams, you have done what you have promised, but I return your protection back to you.”
  • Walid asked, “Why, my cousin? Did someone mess with you?”
  • Uthman said, “No, but I am satisfied with the protection of Allah & I don’t need anyone else.”
  • Walid said, “Go to the Haram & publiclly return my protection just like I publically extended it to you.”

— Uthman went to the Haram & addressed the Makkans, “I return Walid’s protection back to him because I don’t need anyone else’s protection but Allah’s.”

  • At this time, a great poet named Labid bin Rab’ia, who was sitting there, said, “Look at this man – everything other than Allah is false. Allah is the only truth.”
  • Uthman said, “You’ve spoken the truth.”
  • Labid said, “Every blessing will end one day.”
  • Uthman corrected Labid, & said, “No, you’ve made a mistake. The blessings of paradise will never end.”

— Labid felt insulted by this. He said, “This companion of yours (talking about himself in 3rd person), this esteemed companion of yours has never been insulted in this way before. What has happened to you people that a celebrity like me can come here & be insulted like this?”

  • Another person stood up & said, “This is a very foolish man (Uthman) & he keeps company of other foolish people. They’ve abandoned our religion. Don’t mind him.”
  • Uthman retorted, “What did I say wrong?” He answered back until things got heated
  • Another man got up & struck Uthman on the face, so much so that he seriously injured Uthman’s face (his eye)

— Walid bin Mughira was there & watching the whole thing

  • He went up to Uthman & said, “Look at you. Your eye would have still been okay if you had stayed in my protection.”
  • Uthman responded, “Rather, my other eye needs to be injured the same way. If it’s done for the sake of Allah, then it was worth it. Because now, I’m in the protection of someone who is more powerful than you & more dominant than you ever will be. Ya Aba Abd Shaams, I’m now in the protection of Allah which is much more profound than you can imagine.”
  • Walid said, “Listen, if you still want my protection I’ll give it to you.”
  • Uthman declined

— Abu Salama & Ummu Salama also came back from Habesha to Makkah

  • Abu Salama sought out Abu Talib’s protection, & Abu Talib said, “Absolutely, you are most definitely in my protection.”
  • When some people from Banu Makhzum (family of Abu Salama) found out that Abu Talib had granted Abu Salama his protection, they went to Abu Talib & said, “Ya Aba Talib. You have protected & stopped us from laying a hand on Muhammad. He’s your nephew, your blood, so that’s understandable. But what’s the deal with you granting protection to someone from our family? Let us deal with Abu Salama the way we need to deal with him. He abandoned our religion, he ran away from here, & he came back. Let us deal with him. This is not your business.”
  • Abu Talib replied, “Listen, he asked for my protection & I granted it to him. Secondly, we do have an extended relation – he’s the son of my sister (figurative expression – distant relation). If I wasn’t going to grant Abu Salama my protection, then what’s to say that I won’t protect my own nephew Muhammad? Then I’d no longer be a man of honor!”

— Even though Abu Talib was in isolation for 3 years, he was still seen as one of the great leaders in the eyes of Arabia. Here we have people arguing with the great Abu Talib, which is out of character for a lot of these people

  • Abu Lahab was sitting nearby at the time. He spoke up, “O people of Quraysh. You’ve caused this elderly gentleman enough trouble for him today. You’ve exhausted him. That’s enough. What’s wrong with you? Why do you keep attacking Abu Talib just because he grants protection to someone who belongs to his people? What’s a leader supposed to do? A leader is supposed to protect his people! Someone from his people asked him for protection & he granted it. You people will stop now or all of us (including those of us who’re opposed to Islam) will stand with Abu Talib in everything that he stands for until what he wants to happen ends up happening. So go home & chew on that for a bit.”
    • Abu Talib was a gentle soul, & now Abu Lahab, who was fierce-tongued & usually in opposition of Islam was now reprimands these people, who went about their way
  • Abu Talib thought this development was interesting. He thought to himself, that maybe Abu Lahab will now stand up & defend Muhammad, even if he doesn’t accept Islam
    • Abu Talib encouraged Abu Lahab to stand up for his nephew. Abu Talib recited some poetry, “Look, there’s a man who is your nephew. He stands alone facing oppression. Will this be the time that you come to the aid of your family?”
  • Abu Lahab said, “Whoa, whoa. Take it easy. I just didn’t like them talking to you that way because if they talk to you today like that, tomorrow they will talk to me like that.”

— Key points

  • It was non-Muslims who campaigned to end the boycott, even though they never took the Shahadah in their lives
  • It was non-Muslims granting protection to Believers

— After the boycott ended, Abu Bakr went to the Prophet with a very heavy heart (after suffering so much with the rest of the Muslims), & asked the Prophet for permission to join the Sahaba in Habesha

  • The Prophet, with a heavy heart gave Abu Bakr permission to leave, because no one has stood as firmly as his friend through all the trials (got beaten even, he accepted Islam on 2nd day of nubuwwah)

— Abu Bakr packed his things & left Makkah. He traveled for a day or 2 when he ran into Ibnu Dagina, who belonged to Banu Kinana.

  • His name is Al-Hadith or Malik, but more popularly known as Ibnu Dagina
  • Banu Kinana was allies of the Quraysh. The people of Banu Kinana tribe had a pact with the Quraysh, so Ibnu Dagina was of some influence in Makkah; Banu Kinana was powerful tribe

— Ibnu Dagina asked, “Where are you going, Abu Bakr?”

  • Abu Bakr replied, “My people left me no choice but for me to leave. I’ve received great harm from my own people & they made life very difficult for me, so I had no choice but to leave.”
  • Ibnu Dagina said, “How is this even possible? You’re someone who respects family. You help in all types of good causes. You do good things for society. You earn for those people who can’t earn for themselves. Let’s head back, you’re in my protection now.”
    • This was very similar to what Khadijah said to the Prophet when he was overwhelmed by his first divine revelation

— Abu Bakr & Ibnu Dagina went to the Haram

  • Ibnu Dagina addressed the people of Makkah, “A man of the caliber of Abu Bakr should never be allowed to be ousted by his own people. He is an asset to his community. Are you telling me that you’re kicking out from your community a man who will earn for people what they cannot earn? He carries and lifts those people who can’t lift themselves. He helps in the cause of truth. He honors his guests. From this day forth, I have granted my protection to the son of Abu Qahafa. No one should approach Abu Bakr unless they have good intentions. Hands off Abu Bakr.”
  • Abu Bakr then went back home & settles in. He’s very relieved, because deep down, he didn’t want to leave Makkah for one sole reason – Muhammad, who was his dearest friend
    • The Prophet said about Abu Bakr, “I’ve paid everybody back, but I can never pay back Abu Bakr. Allah will have to pay him back on my behalf. If I wasn’t the khalil of Allah, then I would have taken Abu Bakr to be my very best friend.”

— Abu Bakr was very devout & very philanthropic. He balanced his social services along with spirituality

  • He had a daily ritual where he’d make salat other than fard prayers.
  • He was also a soft-hearted man (rikkan). When he would make salaat & recite Qur’an in such a way that it’d make someone else cry just listening to him

— Abu Bakr liked to pray on the porch of his home just to be able to pray outdoors

  • Men & especially women & children would gather when Abu Bakr would pray, & they’d cry, listening to Abu Bakr make salah
  • The leaders of Quraysh didn’t like this. They said, “This is a huge problem. Abu Bakr is going to put all types of ideas on our women & kids.”
    • At same time, the Quraysh leaders know they can’t lay a finger on Abu Bakr because of Ibnu Dagina

— The Quraysh leaders went to Ibnu Dagina, & said, “Did you grant him your protection so that Abu Bakr may cause harm to us?”

  • Ibnu Dagina asked, “What’s he doing?”
  • The Quraysh replied, “He prays, he worships. He’s causing a huge problem. Our women & kids & weak-minded are all gravitating towards him.”
  • Ibnu Dagina went to Abu Bakr & said, “Ya Aba Bakr, I didn’t give you my protection so that you can make trouble for people & they now come complaining to me. Why don’t you go home & do your business there?”
    • One narration says that Abu Bakr listened to Ibnu Dagina & would pray at home after that exchange

— Another narration states that Abu Bakr built a musallah (a place to pray) outside his home, but people still gathered around that to hear Abu Bakr pray

  • The Quraysh leaders again complained to Ibnu Dagina & he went again to stop Abu Bakr
  • Abu Bakr said, “Instead of me putting an end to what I’m doing, how about I return your protection? I’ve caused you a lot of trouble, but I return to you your protection. I’m happy with the protection of Allah alone.”
  • Ibn Dagina said, “Okay, return my protection to me.”
    • He addressed the people in the Haram & said, “Ya people of Quraysh, the son of Abu Quhafa has returned my protection back to me, so you do to him whatever it is what you want to do to him. It’s between you & him, I no longer play any type of role in this.”

— In spite of all the trials & oppression they faced, the Muslims practiced the akhlakh of the Prophet, to such an extent that the non-Muslims (some of whom didn’t like the Prophet) still felt obligated to support & protect the Muslims

  • Our conduct is the biggest proof of what we believe in – Muslim or not

— A few days after Ibnu Dagina revoked his protection of Abu Bakr, a thug on the streets of Makkah approached Abu Bakr (aged 50) who was going to the Haram

  • The thug picked up a bunch of dirt & threw it in Abu Bakr’s face
  • Abu Bakr had all this dust on him & just kept on walking. He didn’t say anything to that young man.
  • Walid bin Mughira & Aas bin Wa’il were sitting there watching this
    • Abu Bakr said to them: “Do you see how this foolish young man disrespects his elders?”
    • They responded, “No, this young man didn’t do anything to you. You did this to yourself.”
  • Abu Bakr said to himself, “My Lord, how patient & forbearing are you with your slaves?” He said this 3x
    • Meaning: These people disrespect me & other say I deserve this disrespect. I can’t stand what these people say. My Lord, you created these people & they disbelieve in you. So how patient must you be? I marvel at that. I remind myself of that to deal with these people
  • Instead of getting angry or lashing out, Abu Bakr turned to the solace of Allah. He stayed patient & stuck to his values by remembering the mercy & patience of Allah

 

Link to the next episode

 

http://www.qalaminstitute.org/2013/08/seerah-life-of-the-prophet-uthman-bin-mazhun-returns-to-makkah-abu-bakr-attempts-to-leave/#.U1aWQvldWSo

 

Seerah episode 49: Aftermath of the Boycott – Consolation & Support from Allah

Filed under: Seerah — visitor74 @ 10:23 am

— The Prophet said, “The entire earth has been made a masjid & a source of purification for me.”

— How did the Prophet survive those 3 years of adversity during the social boycott of Abdul Mutallib?

  • We often talk about Prophet Muhammad as a superhero, like he’s not bothered by things or not affected by any unhappiness
    • True, the Prophet is the most remarkable human being, but at the end of the day, the Prophet is a human being
  • He did feel pain & experience difficulties
    • What got him through those moments?
    • It was through counsel & emotional nourishing from the Qur’an

— The Qur’an wasn’t just a text that’s to be recited ritually. It has meaning & purpose to it

  • One of the most profound purposes of the Qur’an is that it is a source of counsel, consolation, advice, & guidance
  • Some of the most well-known verses & passages from the Qur’an are explicitly & directly consoling the Prophet
    • It’s Allah taking care of the Prophet
  • Surat Yasin is an example
    • “By the wise Qur’an. Indeed you, [O Muhammad], are from among the messengers on a straight path.” [36:2-4]
  • Surat Ta’ha is another example
    •  “We did not send the Qur’an down to distress you.” [20:2]

— The Prophet spent 3 years of isolation & boycott in the valley of Abdul Mutallib. It’s going to be difficult to get back into the flow of things, to pick up the pieces back in Makkah

  • Now that he went back, there was some distance between him & his opposition again. The Prophet & his enemies are now back in each other’s faces. The confrontations started all over again
  • One of the Prophet’s favorite activities was going to the Ka’bah daily to pray
    • Now that he goes back to pray, the Quraysh are still again in his face
    • Imagine how tired Prophet must be of this. He just came back from 3 years dealing with suffering, and before that, he suffered oppression from his enemies. Now those enemies want to pick up the pieces back.

— When the Prophet came back & visited Haram for the first time, Abu Jahl saw him. He was ready to assassinate the Prophet before in broad daylight regardless of the repercussions, so he must have been enraged to see Prophet again, doing his thing, worshipping Allah

  • Abu Jahl didn’t even want to end the boycott. “You will stop cursing our idols, or we will curse who you worship.”
  • Of course, the Prophet has never cursed or spoken profanely about the idols (that’s against his character)
    • All he had ever said was, “Don’t worship idols.”
  • Abu Jahl doesn’t care about fact/fiction. He just wants (any excuse) to attack the Prophet
  • To temper the response of the Prophet, Allah revealed an ayah to the Prophet
    • “And do not insult those they invoke other than Allah, lest they insult Allah in enmity without knowledge. Thus We have made pleasing to every community their deeds. Then to their Lord is their return, and He will inform them about what they used to do.” [Surat al-An’am, 6:108]
    • This ayah was also guidance for the Ummah –  do not curse/do not insult those things that people worship other than Allah because as a response these people will curse Allah out of anger (in vengeance) without even understanding what they’re doing

Nadr ibn al-Harith, one of the key leaders against the Prophet, once approached the Prophet & sat down with him. Whenever Prophet experienced this, he saw it as opportunity to give dawah

  • So the Prophet started to recite some Qur’an & invite Nadr to Allah
    • Nadr & the Prophet don’t really mix, because they’re on opposite sides of the coin. Other people saw them together & gathered around them
  • Nadr then started to tell all these war stories, & said, “Wallahi, Muhammad doesn’t have better stories than I do. He just tells stories of the past & makes them up like I just embellished story of a previous war/battle.”
    • Nadr ibn al-Harith sat down with the Prophet for the sole reason of making the Prophet look like a fool & attack him
    • Imagine how difficult it would be to talk to a person like this, someone who has such an ill-will against Islam
  • The Prophet had Allah always guiding him. Allah revealed the following ayah to console the Prophet:
    •  “Blessed is He who sent down the criterion (the Qur’an) upon His servant that he may be to the world a warner”
    • “He to whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth and who has not taken a son and has not had a partner in dominion and has created each thing and determined it with [precise] determination.”
    • “But they have taken besides Him gods which create nothing, while they are created, and possess not for themselves any harm or benefit and possess not [power to cause] death or life or resurrection.”
    • “And those who disbelieve say, ‘This [Qur’an] is not except a falsehood he invented, and another people assisted him in it.’ But they have committed an injustice and a lie.”
    • “And they say, ‘Legends of the former peoples which he has written down, and they are dictated to him morning and afternoon.’”
    • “Say, [O Muhammad], ‘It has been revealed by He who knows [every] secret within the heavens and the earth. Indeed, He is ever Forgiving and Merciful.’” [Surat al-Furqan; 25:1-6]

— One time, Prophet sat with Al Walid ibn Mughira in the Haram, and Nadr ibn al-Harith again sat with them

  • There were many other people of Quraysh who also were sitting with them.
    • The Prophet started to give dawah, and Nadr started to insult the Prophet. Nadr was very rude & abrasive with the Prophet
  • Allah revealed the following ayat from Surat Al-Anbiya to the Prophet:
    • “Indeed, you [disbelievers] and what you worship other than Allah are the firewood of Hell. You will be coming to [enter] it. Had these [false deities] been [actual] gods, they would not have come to it [the fire], but all are eternal therein [will burn for eternity]. For them therein is heavy sighing, and they therein will not hear.” [21:98-100]
  • When the Prophet recited these ayat, Nadr ibn al-Harith heard this & was left speechless. He was dumbstruck
  • Someone approached Al-Walid bin Mughira. That person, who was a bit culturally aware, told Al-Walid that he has a rebuttal for them
    • “Don’t a lot of you here in Makkah believe that the angels are the daughters of Allah and worship the angels as well? What of the Christian tribes, who say that Isa ibn Maryam is the son of Allah, & the tribes, worship Isa as well? Don’t some of the Jewish tribes say that Uzair is also the son of Allah, & they worship him as well?”
    • Walid confirms, “Yes.”
    • The person replied, “Why don’t you go ask Muhammad about that? I heard him reciting the Qur’an – he talks about these angels & Isa, & how they’re notable people. If he says that everything all you worship will burn in all of eternity, does that mean Isa, who Muhammad says is a Prophet of Allah and these angels will also burn in the fire of Hell?”

— So they brought this up to the Prophet. They think they’ve got Prophet trapped now

  • The Prophet replied, “No, you misunderstand. Everyone or everything, these inanimate objects you worship or anyone else who himself has CLAIMED to be a deity & demanded to be worshiped & the ones who have worshipped these false deities are the ones that will burn. But the good people who have wrongly been turned into deities (like Isa) are not at fault. The troublemakers who have told others to worship Isa (as) will be in the Hellfire.”
  • Allah revealed the following ayat to give further clarification from Surat Al-Anbya:
    • “Indeed, those for whom the best [reward] has preceded from Us – they are from it far removed [from the fire]. They will not hear its sound [the crackling of the fire, or smell the fire], while they are, in that which their souls desire, abiding eternally. They will not be grieved by the greatest terror [the Day of Judgment], and the angels will meet them, [saying], ‘This is your Day which you have been promised.’” [21:101-103]
  • This is how Allah had the Prophet’s back. In another place from Surat Al-Anbiya, Allah revealed the following ayah
    •  “And whoever of them [disbelievers] should say, ‘Indeed, I am a god besides Him’ – that one We would recompense with Hell. Thus do We recompense the wrongdoers.” [21:29]
    • These people argue with the Prophet for the sake of arguing; they don’t even believe what they are saying. They just want to instigate something

— In another narration, when Al Walid bin Mughira was sitting with Quraysh, he said to them, “Is divine revelation going to come only to Muhammad, and not to me, when I’m the leader of the Quraysh? What of Abu Mas’ud, who is also a leader? And Amr ibnu Usaid? Will divine revelation not come to him, as he is one of the great leaders?”

  • The people started talking about this & confronted the Prophet about this
  • Allah revealed the ayah from Surat Az-Zukhruf
    • “But when the truth came to them, they said, ‘This is magic, and indeed we are concerning it, disbelievers.’ And they said, ‘Why was this Qur’an not sent down upon a great man from [one of] the two cities (Makkah & Ta’if)?’”
    • “Do they (the disbelievers) distribute the mercy of your Lord? It is We who have apportioned among them their livelihood in the life of this world and have raised some of them above others in degrees [of rank] that they may make use of one another for service? But the mercy of your Lord is better than whatever they accumulate.” [43:30-32]
  • This is how Allah told the Prophet to ignore people’s foolish arguments & consoled him. Be confident & keep on keeping on.

— In another situation, Akhmash bin Suraikh brought an old decomposed bone to the Prophet & started crushing it. As he was crushing it, he said, “Are you telling me that God is going to bring  this back to life?”

  • Ubay bin Khalaf also brought a bone & crushed the bone, asking the Prophet, “Are you telling me that God is going to bring this back to life?”
  • The next day, Abu Jahl did the same. “Are you telling me your God is going to bring this back to life?”
  • Allah sends down ayat from Surat Yasin to the Prophet:
    • “So let not their speech grieve you [O Muhammad]. Indeed, We know what they conceal and what they declare.
    • Does man not consider that We created him from a [mere] sperm-drop – then at once he is a clear adversary? And he presents for Us as example and forgets his own creation. He says, ‘Who will give life to bones while they are disintegrated?’
    • Say, ‘He will give them life who produced them the first time; and He is, of all creation, Knowing.’
    • He who made you from the green tree, fire, and then from it you ignite. Is not He who created the heavens and the earth able to create the likes of them? Yes, it is so; and He is the Knowing Creator. His command is only when He intends a thing that He says to it, ‘Be,’ and it is. So exalted is He in whose hand is the realm of all things, and to Him you will be returned” [36:76-82]

— One time, the Prophet was making Tawaaf around the Ka’bah.

  • Aswad bin Mutallib, Walid bin Mughira, Umayyah bin Khalaf, Al ‘As ibn Wa’il approached the Prophet. They said, “Ya Muhammad, fine. You win. We’ll worship whatever it is that you worship. [They don’t even say, “We’ll accept Islam”]. And you’ll worship what we worship. So we will be partners! Then we will all be cool with each other.”
  • The Prophet would never consider this ridiculous compromise in the first place
    • These people don’t stand for anything. They just want the Prophet to compromise in his beliefs
    • It’s ridiculous, because the Prophet spent the last 8 years preaching the word of Allah. He sent a 100 from his own sahabahs to Habesha, & spent 3 years watching the starvation of his family members. Did these ignorant people think all of this could be brushed aside if only the Prophet compromised in his beliefs?
  • Allah then revealed Surat Al-Kafirun to the Prophet:
    • “Say, ‘O disbelievers, I do not worship that you worship. Nor are you worshippers of what I worship. Nor will I be a worshipper of what you worship. Nor will you be worshippers of what I worship. For you is your religion, and for me is my religion.’” [109:1-6]
    • Everyone has trouble with difficult people & has trouble with their imaan. That’s why it’s necessary for us to be engaged with the Qur’an & Seerah, so that we can find counsel, tranquility, strength, & confidence in the Qur’an & Seerah, just as it was provided for the Prophet himself

— One time, Abu Jahl overheard the Prophet recite some ayat in the Qur’an about the  Tree of Zaqqum (a thorny tree in Jahannam that the dwellers of Hell will eat out of desperation)

  • Abu Jahl went to the Prophet at the Ka’bah & yelled out loud so that everyone could hear, “Fal nata Zaqqam (he made up a word – turned the noun Zaqqum to verb Zaqqam). Come on everyone,  let’s all go eat Zaqqum for lunch!”
    • This was him mocking the Prophet
  • Allah then sent the following revelation from Surat Ad-Dukhan
    • “Indeed, the tree of Zaqqum is food for the sinful. Like murky oil, it boils within bellies like the boiling of scalding water.
    • [It will be commanded], ‘Seize him and drag him into the midst of the Hellfire, then pour over his head from the torment of scalding water.’
    • [It will be said by Allah], ‘Taste! Indeed, you are the honored, the noble! Indeed, this is what you used to dispute [mock].” [44:43-50]
  • As usual, this is Allah coming to the aid & comfort of His Habib Muhammad
  • As indicative of Allah’s mercy, these terrible verses are followed by the rewards for the righteous

— Abdullah bin Umm Maktum (ra) was a poor blind man who lived with his mother. He had accepted Islam in the early days. He was also one of the muezzins of the Masjid as Nabua

  • The Prophet was sitting with Walid bin Mughira, who wasn’t his usual belligerent self that day. He stopped & started a friendly conversation with the Prophet. “Hey Muhammad, how’s it going?”
    • The Prophet must have wondered what’s wrong with Walid, but said, “It’s good, have a seat.”
  • Walid talked with the Prophet politely, without any hint of malice, so the Prophet was encouraged. “Maybe today’s the day Walid might accept Islam.”
  • Abdullah bin Umm Maktum came by. He’s blind, so he didn’t see either the Prophet or Walid having a pleasant conversation.
    • Abdullah asked the Prophet about some verses of Qur’an. He said, “Please recite some Qur’an to me.”
  • This kind of bothered the Prophet, because as soon as Walid saw Abdullah, he said, “Oh look, here comes one of your people,” and then he walked away
    • The Prophet was just having a good conversation with Walid, but at end of the day Walid is a jerk & arrogant man, so he got up & abruptly left. The Prophet got bothered & wasn’t happy
  • Allah sent an ayat down immediately from Surat Abasa to take care of the Prophet:
    • “The Prophet  frowned and turned away because there came to him the blind man [interrupting].
    • But what would make you perceive, O Muhammad, that perhaps he might be purified or be reminded and the remembrance would benefit him?
    • As for he who thinks himself without need, to him you give attention. And not upon you  is any blame if he will not be purified
    • But as for he who came to you striving for knowledge while he fears Allah, from him you are distracted” [80:1-10]

— For the Prophet, the Qur’an was a huge source of inspiration, tranquility, counsel, and peace for the Prophet to help him navigate through the difficult situations & people in his life

  • The Qur’an serves the same purpose for us as well

 

Link to the next episode

 

http://www.qalaminstitute.org/2013/08/seerah-life-of-the-prophet-aftermath-of-the-boycott-consolation-support-from-allah/

 

Sahih Bukhari: Kitab Waktu-waktu Solat: Sesi 38 & 39: Bab: Orang yang mendapatkan satu rakaat salat ‘Asar sebelum masuk waktu Maghrib

Filed under: Hadith,Kitab Waktu Solat — visitor74 @ 12:43 am

Bab: Orang yang mendapatkan satu rakaat shalat ‘Asar sebelum masuk waktu Maghrib

باب من أدرك ركعة من العصر قبل الغروب

Imam Bukhari membawakan tajuk ini sebagai hujah untuk menyatakan apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan satu ‘rakaat’ itu? Dalam hadis sebut sajdatan sahaja. Iaitu apa yang sempat dibuat dalam waktu. Sebagai contoh, kalau seseorang itu sempat dapat rukuk dalam waktu asar, dia akan dikira telah mendapat solat tunai dalam waktu Asar.

Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan sajdatan  itu? Ada ulama yang ada kata ia bermaksud sempat satu rukuk. Oleh itu, bukanlah bermaksud ‘satu rakaat’ seperti yang kita biasa faham sekarang. Kalau satu rakaat yang kita faham, itu bermaksud dari takbiratul ihram sampailah ke sujud kedua. Jadi, maksud sajdatan  dalam tajuk ini adalah dalam bentuk Masdar Marrah. Tambahan pula, memang ada hadis lain yang sebut kalau sempat satu rukuk, sudah dikira telah solat dalam waktu.

Ada yang kata bukan rukuk sahaja, tapi mana-mana bahagian solat. Oleh itu, kalau seseorang itu hanya dapat takbiratul ihram dalam waktu Asar, dia sudah dikira dapat solat tunai dalam waktu Asar. Begitulah kira-kiranya.

Ada pula yang kata hadis ini untuk orang yang uzur sahaja. Sebagai contoh, orang yang pengsan, orang yang baru lepas suci dari haid, orang yang baru baligh, orang yang baru masuk Islam dan sebagainya. Bukan untuk umum. Contoh, dia suci dari haid, waktu Asar cuma tinggal sikit sahaja. Maka, dia kena teruskan solat dari waktu yang tinggal itu dan dia akan dapat dikira solat dalam waktu. Sama keadaan dengan orang yang pengsan dan sebagainya.

523 ـ حدثنا أبو نُعِيم، قال حدثنا شَيْبَان، عن يحيى، عن أبي سلمة، عن أبي هريرة، قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏”‏ إذا أدرَكَ أحدكم سَجدَةً مِن صلاةِ العَصرِ قبل أن تَغرُبَ الشَّمسُ فليُتِمَّ صلاته، وإذا أدرك سجدة من صلاة الصبح قبل أن تَطلُعَ الشّمسُ فَليُتِمَّ صلاته ‏”‏‏.‏

523. Telah menceritakan kepada kami Abu An Nu’aim berkata, telah menceritakan kepada kami Syaiban dari Yahya bin Abu Katsir dari Abu Salamah dari Abu Hurairah ia berkata, “Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam bersabda: “Jika seseorang dari kalian sempat mendapatkan satu sujud salat ‘Asar sebelum terbenam matahari, maka sempurnakanlah solatnya, dan jika dia sempat mendapatkan satu sujud dari salat Subuh, sebelum terbit matahari maka dia hendaklah sempurnakan solatnya”

Kalau dilihat dari lafaz hadis, yang disebut adalah ‘sujud’. Itu kalau kita terjemah maksud ‘sajdah’ itu sebagai ‘sujud’ sahaja. Sajdah itu sebenarnya boleh juga bermaksud ruku’. Iaitu mana-mana bahagian dalam solat. Yang disebut dalam hadis ini adalah sebagai contoh sahaja.

Kalau dapat satu bahagian dari solat, bermakna dapat solat tunai, bukan qadha. Contohnya, dapat rukuk sahaja. Teruskan solat itu. Jangan hentikan solat itu. Kita memang tidak boleh memberhentikan solat kalau tanpa sebab yang syar’ie.

Tapi, kita juga hendak memberikan pendapat Imam Abu Hanifah yang berlainan sedikit tentang hal ini. Mazhab Hanafi hanya berpegang dengan separuh sahaja hadis ini. Iaitu tidak boleh sambung solat subuh kalau dah naik matahari. Ini adalah kerana mereka berpegang dengan hadis yang mengatakan haram untuk mendirikan solat subuh apabila telah habis waktu subuh. Imam Hanifah membenarkan solat Asar kerana kalau terlajak dari Asar, masuk ke dalam solat maghrib – bermakna ada solat selepas itu. Tapi kalau selepas subuh, tidak ada waktu. Kena tunggu dulu sampai habis waktu haram itu. Walaubagaimana pun, pendapat ini tidak kuat. Ramai yang tidak memakainya termasuk ada darinya pengikut-pengikut mazhab Hanifi yang besar-besar. Oleh itu, ini adalah pendapat yang lemah. Kerana ia hanya berpegang kepada sebahagian dari hadis.

 

 

Banyak yang kritik pendapat ini. Imam Abu Hanifah sendiri telah ajar tidak boleh pegang pendapatnya tanpa mengetahui dalilnya. Dia takwil hadis ini dengan hadis larangan solat matahari ketika matahari terbit. Tapi hadis itu berbentuk umum dan hadis yang kita sedang pelajari ini berbentuk khusus. Jadi tidak salah kalau kita tak ikut pendapat dia. Kita hormat mereka dan pendapat mereka. Tapi tidaklah kena terus pakai. Semua Imam pun dah beritahu jangan bertaklid kepada mereka.

Sebab hormat kepada pendapat Hanifah lah Imam Bukhari letak tajuk begitu. Dia letak ‘asar’ sahaja. Kerana nak isyarat ada khilaf dalam solat subuh. Tapi Imam Bukhari sendiri tak pakai pendapat itu.

Hukum dari hadis ini:

1. Walaupun mafhum hadis menyatakan bahawa kalau sempat dapat sebahagian dari rakaat dari waktu subuh dan asar, seseorang itu dikira solat dalam waktu lagi, tapi ianya haram kalau sengaja mencari waktu itu. Ianya dibolehkan untuk mereka yang tidak boleh solat lebih awal kerana sebab-sebab tertentu. Mungkin ada hal yang mengganggunya waktu itu. Bukan selalu. Berdosa kalau sengaja melakukannya. Dosa besar kalau itu adalah amalan tetapnya.

Hadis ini menceritakan kemurahan Allah. Ianya menenangkan mereka yang gelisah kalau mereka terlewat solat. Sebab orang yang hatinya terpaut dengan solat akan rasa resah gelisah sangat kalau tidak dapat solat dalam waktunya. Ugama bukan untuk meresahkan kita. Agama menenangkan.Tapi bukanlah mengajar manusia untuk memudahkan solat. Kena kejar awal waktu dalam solat seboleh-bolehnya.
2. Dalam keadaan dalam hadis ini, dikira solat dalam waktu. Ini pendapat Bukhari dan jumhur.
3. Semua ulama sepakat untuk sempurnakan solat waktu seperti dalam hadis ini, bukanlah kena sempurnakan ‘satu rakaat’. Kalau dapat takbiratul ihram pun termasuk juga. Sebab perkataan ‘rakaat’ dalam tajuk bab ini bukanlah maksud rakaat seperti yang kita faham.
4. Hukum ini khusus untuk Asar dan Subuh. Tidak jelas untuk solat lain. Tapi Imam Bukhari berpendapat termasuk juga untuk solat yang lain. Nabi sebut dua waktu ini kerana ada larangan solat ketika waktu matahari naik dan terbenam. Jadi Nabi hendak memberikan ruang. Larangan solat lepas dua waktu itu adalah untuk solat selepasnya. Kalau solat yang lain, lagilah termasuk sebab tidak ada larangan untuk solat dalam waktu-waktu lain.

Pengajaran dari hadis ini

1. Sembahyang dan selok beloknya telah dijelaskan oleh Nabi dengan cukup terang. Demikian juga dengan ibadat-ibadat yang lain.
2. Sesiapa yang mendapat satu rak’ah dari solat, kenalah meneruskan solat itu sampai habis.
3. Solat mereka yang sempat dapat satu bahagian akan dikira sebagai tunai.
4. Orang yang sedang solat tidak boleh memberhentikannya sewenang-wenangnya melainkan ada sebab yang syarak. Naik dan jatuh matahati bukan salah satu dari sebab untuk memberhentikan solat. Kena terus sampai habis.
Kalau ada sebab kena solat waktu haram, tidak berdosa.
5. Untuk faham makna sesuatu hadis, kena faham banyak benda. Jangan tengok zahir hadis sahaja. Kena tengok juga hadis-hadis yang lain.
6. Pendapat yang terang bercanggah dengan hadis hendaklah diketepikan, tidak kira dari siapa. Inilah ujian kepada kita – percaya betul kepada rasul. Kita kena pegang dengan sabda Nabi.
7. Orang yang mendapat solaat asar dan subuh sebagaimana dalam hadis ini tetap tidak mendapat ganjaran seperti kalau dia solat awal. Tak sama kalau solat awal dan solat lambat. Mereka cuma dapat solat itu sebagai tunai, bukan qadha. Pahala beza.

 

Lompat kepada hadis yang seterusnya

 

 

Kuliah lagi August 18, 2014

Filed under: Ilmu — visitor74 @ 11:35 am

Akal itu lemah

Akal memerlukan wahyu. Kerana akal tidak tahu perkara ghaib. Kemampuan Akal terhad. Kalau ikut akal, jadi bodoh. Macam orang Hindu yang sembah lembu dan macam-macam lagi benda dalam dunia. Nampak pelik sikit mereka akan sembah. Padahal mereka itu pelajar uni, doktor dan sebagainya. Seperti kata orang:

أذكِيَاء وَلٰكِن أغبِيَاء – ‘pandai-pandai, tapi bodoh-bodoh’.

 

Why bad things happened? Nouman Ali khan khutbah.
This is an important concept in Islam. Many people are confused by it. Some cannot accept what happened to them. While others, when someone else befallen with musibah, immediately they blame that person for some wrongdoings that he had done. Or some others would blame Allah for it.

The meaning of the word Musibah: From the root word ‘target’. Hit where it supposed to. Exactly where Allah meant. This is from the Qadr of Allah. We will always be tried by Allah as Allah says in 2:155,

وَلَنَبْلُوَنَّكُم بِشَيْءٍ مِّنَ الْخَوْفِ وَالْجُوعِ وَنَقْصٍ مِّنَ الْأَمْوَالِ وَالْأَنفُسِ وَالثَّمَرَاتِ وَبَشِّرِ الصَّابِرِينَ

Demi sesungguhnya! Kami akan menguji kamu dengan sedikit perasaan takut (kepada musuh) dan (dengan merasai) kelaparan, dan (dengan berlakunya) kekurangan dari harta benda dan jiwa serta hasil tanaman. Dan berilah khabar gembira kepada orang-orang yang sabar:

In this verse, Allah tells the prophet to congratulate to those sabr. The congratulation is to be given by Nabi himself. Because the word وَبَشِّرِ is an instruction given to one person, which in Quran means that that it is the task of the prophet. But nabi is no longer amongst us, so what does this means? It means that nabi will congratulate us in akhirah himself. This means that we will meet him in Jannah. So this is a huge thing that we are going to receive if we practice sabr. So we must hope for it.

Allah wants us to learn sabr. Allah give us trials because He wants us to learn it.

In the Quran 2:156, Allah

الَّذِينَ إِذَا أَصَابَتْهُم مُّصِيبَةٌ قَالُوا إِنَّا لِلَّهِ وَإِنَّا إِلَيْهِ رَاجِعُونَ

(Iaitu) orang-orang yang apabila mereka ditimpa oleh sesuatu kesusahan, mereka berkata: “Sesungguhnya kami adalah kepunyaan Allah dan kepada Allah jualah kami kembali.”

Those mukmin would immediately say inna lillah. This is the immediate response needed from us. This should be a reflex from a Muslim. This statement is important. So we must train our mouth to say this immediately when we received any musibah.

The word إِنَّا لِلَّهِ reminds us that we don’t own anything. Even us is own by Allah. We don’t own the car that broke down, the phone that doesn’t work, etc. this put things in perspective.

And the word وَإِنَّا إِلَيْهِ رَاجِعُونَ reminds us that we will return to Allah. That we are all going to die eventually. This is a solution for us. It reminds us that whatever problem we are facing now is not permanent. Allah gave us musibah to remind us to put things on perspective. On what matters most. This would make us easy to sabr. Example, if we are in a burning building, do we worry about what color we should paint the wall?

In hadid:22, Allah says that anything that happened already written.

مَا أَصَابَ مِن مُّصِيبَةٍ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلَا فِي أَنفُسِكُمْ إِلَّا فِي كِتَابٍ مِّن قَبْلِ أَن نَّبْرَأَهَا إِنَّ ذَٰلِكَ عَلَى اللَّهِ يَسِيرٌ

Tidak ada sesuatu kesusahan (atau bala bencana) yang ditimpakan di bumi, dan tidak juga yang menimpa diri kamu, melainkan telah sedia ada di dalam Kitab (pengetahuan Kami) sebelum Kami menjadikannya; sesungguhnya mengadakan yang demikian itu adalah mudah bagi Allah.

But Allah says in ot place tt it because of our hands.

Eg, in Ali Imran:165, Allah says,

أَوَلَمَّا أَصَابَتْكُم مُّصِيبَةٌ قَدْ أَصَبْتُم مِّثْلَيْهَا قُلْتُمْ أَنَّىٰ هَٰذَا قُلْ هُوَ مِنْ عِندِ أَنفُسِكُمْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ

(Patutkah kamu melanggar perintah Rasulullah)? dan (kemudiannya) apabila kamu ditimpa kemalangan (dalam peperangan Uhud), yang kamu telahpun memenangi seperti itu sebanyak dua kali ganda (dengan menimpakan kemalangan kepada musuh dalam peperangan Badar), kamu berkata: “Dari mana datangnya (kemalangan) ini? “Katakanlah (wahai Muhammad): “Kemalangan) itu ialah dari kesalahan diri kamu sendiri (melanggar perintah Rasulullah)”. Sesungguhnya Allah Maha Kuasa atas tiap-tiap sesuatu.

Syura:30

وَمَا أَصَابَكُم مِّن مُّصِيبَةٍ فَبِمَا كَسَبَتْ أَيْدِيكُمْ وَيَعْفُو عَن كَثِيرٍ

Dan apa jua yang menimpa kamu dari sesuatu kesusahan (atau bala bencana), maka ia adalah disebabkan apa yang kamu lakukan (dari perbuatan-perbuatan yang salah dan berdosa); dan (dalam pada itu) Allah memaafkan sebahagian besar dari dosa-dosa kamu.

So how do we reconcile these two types of verses? We must understand that there’s things that happened because of our wrongdoings. So we don’t get to blame Allah. There are things within our control. We should learn from the mistake. And that there are Musibah that Allah gave as a trial for us.

We can’t say that someone get bad things because they did this and that. Because it’s ghaib and we don’t have that knowledge.

——————–

Balancing your life:
https://itunes.apple.com/my/podcast/qalam-institute-podcast/id424397634?mt=2&i=316854129

We need to balance our life amongst our family and our spiritual endeavor. We can’t leave anything behind. We must spend time with our children and our spouse. Dire consequence will generate if we leave one of them.

Motivasi hafal Quran
https://itunes.apple.com/my/podcast/qalam-institute-podcast/id424397634?mt=2&i=316805560

Syarat Doa diterima.
https://itunes.apple.com/my/podcast/qalam-institute-podcast/id424397634?mt=2#episodeGuid=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.qalaminstitute.org%2F%3Fp%3D7199

1. Ikhlas. Hanya kerana Allah. Ghafir:60
2. Ikuti doa dengan kebaikan. Amalan yang soleh sahaja. Kahf:110
Kena ikhlas dan soleh.
3. Yakin. Yakin yang Allah mampu nak beri. Ingat yang Allah mampu nak beri. Yakin yang doa kita ‘sampai’ kepada Allah. Cuma Allah nak beri atau tidak. Lambat atau tidak. Para Nabi pun kena tunggu, bukan terus dapat.
4. Hadhir hati masa doa. Doa dengan emosi. Mengadu kepada Allah. Rayu kepada Allah. Sedar apa yang kita cakap. Jangan baca doa yang kita tidak faham.

Penyebab doa ditolak:
1. Buat perkara yang haram. Makan haram. Pakai haram.
2. putus asa dalam doa. nak cepat sahaja. kata dah doa tapi Allah tak bagi.
3. Banyak dosa
4. tinggal suruhan Allah.

Adab berdoa
https://itunes.apple.com/my/podcast/qalam-institute-podcast/id424397634?mt=2#episodeGuid=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.qalaminstitute.org%2F%3Fp%3D7201

Ayat ajar tentang doa dalam ayat puasa. Baqarah:186. Dalam ayat itu, asbabun Nuzul ayat itu adalah sahabat tanya adakah Allah dekat atau jauh sebab nak doa dengan kuat atau perlahan. Allah tak suruh Nabi jawap. Allah jawap sendiri. Isyarat tak perlu perantaraan dalam berdoa.

Adab bukan wajib. Tapi elok diikut. Kadang-kadang kita kena berdoa di mana mana sahaja. Tapi adab adalah keindahan Islam.

1. Bersihkan otak kita dari dunia. Fokus pada doa. Cari tempat yang sesuai.
2. Doa dalam wuduk
3. Mengadap kiblat.
4. Duduk dalam keadaan tertib. Tertib tapi selesa.
5. Angkat tangan. Ikut cara pengemis. Kerana kita sedang mengemis dengan Allah.
6. Mulakan dengan puji Allah dan kemudian selawat. Doa tergantung sehinggalah selawat kepada Nabi. Awal dan akhir. Kerana Allah sayang Nabi. Allah suka kita selawat.
7. Mulakan doa untuk diri kita.
8. Doa terbaik adalah dalam kata-kata Nabi. Dari doa-doa yang Nabi telah ajar kita kerana ada Barakah di dalamnya.
Kalau boleh dalam bahasa Arab.
9. Jangan minta perkara haram.
10. Jangan doa untuk keburukan orang. Kecuali kalau terpaksa sangat. Ibubapa kena jaga mulut mereka. Takut terdoa yang tidak baik untuk anak mereka.
11. Ngaku dosa kita. Iktiraf dosa-dosa kita.
12. Jangan kelam kabut dalam berdoa.

Penjelasan solat qasar dan jamak

Solat qasar adalah wajib. Kerana ianya adalah Sunnah dan kalau menyalahi Sunnah, kufur.
Ianya adalah hadiah dari Allah. Kalau kita tidak menerima hadiah dari Allah, pun kufur juga.
Allah suka apabila kita mengamalkan rukhsah seperti juga Allah suka kalau kita mengamalkan azl – hukum asal.
Tiada had pada jarak. Kalau kita musafir, dah boleh dah.
Ada kata kalau perjalanan yang baik. Itu pun tiada syarat yang diletak dalam agama.
Ada yang tolak qasar kerana kata jalan dah senang sekarang. Itu pendapat jahil. Safar adalah sebahagian dari azab. Jadi itulah susahnya.
Ada yang tolak safar kerana kenderaan dah hebat sekarang. Ini pun pendapat jahil. Nabi dan Allah tidak menghadkan dari segi kenderaan.
Bagaimana kalau solat dengan imam yang solat tamam? Kalau dengan imam yang solat tamam empat rakaat, selepas tahiyat awal, kita bagi salam. Kemudian terus ikut imam itu juga untuk solat asar pula.
Kena ikut susunan. Ayat Quran pasal waktu. Kalau berimamkan imam isyak, kena solat maghrib dulu.
Tiada had masa untuk safar. Nabi pernah bermusafir ke Tabuk. Selagi tidak bermukim, boleh solat safar. Yang penting apakah niat waktu itu.
Kalau balik kampung, rumah mertua kah, kena tamam.
Begitu juga kalau ada harta di situ. Mungkin kita ada rumah kita di tempat yang jauh. Bila sampai sana kena solat tamam.
Kalau musafir, tak Jumaat.