Seerah episode 31: The First Four Revelations & The First Convert To Islam

— The First Revelation

  • In the Cave of Hira
  • Surat Al-Alaq
    • “Recite, in the name of your Lord who created. Created man from a blood clot. Recite, and your Lord is the most Generous. Who taught by the pen – taught man that which he knew not” (96:1-5)

— The Second Revelation

  • Surat Al-Qalam
    • “Noon. By the pen and what they inscribe, you are not, [O Muhammad], by the favor of our Lord, a madman. And indeed, for you is a reward uninterrupted. And indeed, you are of a great moral character” (68:1-4)

— The Third Revelation

  • Surat Al-Muzzammil
    • “O you who wraps himself [in clothing], arise [to pray] the night, except for a little – half of it – or subtract from it a little or add to it, and recite the Qur’an with measured recitation. Indeed, We will cast upon you a heavy word. Indeed, the hours of the night are more effective for concurrence [of heart and tongue] and more suitable for words. Indeed, for you by day is prolonged occupation” (73:1-7)

— The Fourth Revelation

  • Surat Al-Muddaththir
    • “O you who covers himself [with a garment], arise and warn and your Lord glorify. And your clothing purify and uncleanliness avoid. And do not confer favor to acquire more. But for your Lord be patient” (74:1-7)

— Ibn Qayyim categorizes dawah into 5 different phases

  • An-Nubuwwah
    • Muhammad receives Prophethood. He is allowed time to internalize it to become one with it
    • The Prophet shares the divine message with people who are immediately around him & close to him
    • This phase lasts 3 years, in Makkah
  • Muhammad warns close tribespeople – Banu Hashem
    • He was now openly preaching to Banu Hashem & Quraysh at some level
    • The Prophet was told by Allah to not retaliate & to not respond with aggression if he faces opposition from others
    • This phase continues for 10 years until year of hijra
  • The Prophet preaches to his people – the ahlu Makkah & Quraysh
    • In this phase, the Prophet is permitted to respond with similar aggression to his enemies
    • This phase lasted until the Treaty of Hudaybiya – after migration
  • The Prophet preaches to the entire Arab region
    • During the mid-Makkan era, Arabs outside of Makkah were more stubborn than the people of Quraysh. Most of the Quraysh were in opposition to the Prophet & had accepted Islam much later, during the Conquest of Makkah
    • This phase lasts to the end of the Prophet’s life
  • The 5th phase was what the Ummah carried out after Prophet’s death
    • The first generation of the Sahaba were committed to spreading Islam to the four corners of the world
    • One of the Sahabi traveled all throughout North Africa until he reached the ocean. He walked his horse to the ocean until the water reached his chest, & he said, “O Allah, I’ve come as far as I can. I cannot see anything beyond here. If there was something beyond, then I would explore it and carry Your message to them”

— Khadijah (ra) was the first person (after the Prophet) to accept Islam – Mother of the Believers

  • Ibn Ishaq described Khadijah quite eloquently: She testified to all the truth that the Prophet came with from Allah. She was the Prophet’s aid & minister in his teaching of the Message. She was the first one to believe in Allah & the Prophet. Allah lightened the load that Prophethood had on Muhammad by the means of Khadijah
    • Every single time the Prophet heard something that he didn’t like, every time his message was rejected, every time he was called a liar, the Prophet would get distressed. Allah would remove that distress from the heart of the Prophet by the means of Khadijah
    • When the Prophet would go back home to her after a long hard day of preaching & dealing with all the hate thrown his way, Khadijah would strengthen him. She would lighten the load from him & she would remind him that he was speaking the truth
  • The Prophet said, “I’ve been commanded by Allah to congratulate Khadijah of a home in Paradise that is a palace carved out a single pearl. There will be no noise, or hardship there.”
    • Qasab – pearl, or any type of hollow stone that’s carved out to be used as jewelry
    • Shaykh Abdul: “So we see that even Allah is telling the Prophet (saw) to congratulate Khadijah of a little bling bling. It’s good to give it to your wives, alright? SUNNAH.”
  • Think of what Khadijah was dealing with – she was the wife of the Prophet. The Prophet had so much worry, stress, pain to deal with for his life mission
    • Khadijah helped the Prophet to deal with all of the negatives of this world
  • Jibril said to Muhammad: “Allah sends His salaams to Khadijah”
    • Imagine getting salaams from your Creator, from God Himself

— Now that Khadijah accepted Islam, she helped the Prophet cope with all the difficulty that came with his Prophethood & help him manage the situation

  • After receiving nubuwwah, the Prophet was told immediately to start praying to Allah

— The 5 daily prayers were established during the Night Journey (Al-Isra wa Al-Mi’raj), but salah existed from the very beginning of Prophethood

  • Early salah was twice a day, once in the morning, & once in the evening. Scholars disagree whether these prayers were fard (obligatory); Allahu alim
  • The Prophet also prayed  consistently during the night (in 2 rakaat)

— Jibril (as) took the Prophet behind Mount Safaa & as a miracle, Jibril caused (by the command of Allah) for a spring of Zamzam water to come up

  • This way it gave the Prophet some privacy & away from the eyes & harm of the public when he’s making wudu. Right now, the preaching was not public
  • Jibril showed Prophet how to make wudu from the water of Zamzam – ritual purification
  • Then Jibril showed the Prophet how to pray 4 rakaat & 2 rakaat
    • Allah had now given the Prophet something he absolutely loved – salah. Allah had given his beloved Messenger peace & tranquility in the form of salah
  • The Prophet returned home, & took his beloved Khadijah by the hand & brought her to the same spring
    • The Prophet then again made wudu the way Jibril had taught him, and then the Prophet taught her to make wudu. The couple then prayed 2 rakaat
    • From that day on, husband & wife used to pray together in the peace & privacy of their home

— Some narrations say Abu Bakr was first to accept Islam. Others say it was Ali, others say it was Khadijah. How to reconcile this?

  • The first one to accept Islam from the women was Khadijah
  • The first one to accept Islam from the children was Ali (the Prophet’s cousin)
  • The first one to accept Islam from the slaves (which was an entire & considerably huge demographic at the time) was Zayd bin Harithah
  • The first one to accept Islam from the men was Abu Bakr

— Generally speaking, Abu Bakr is most likely the 4th person to accept Islam

— There are 2 explanations as to why Abu Bakr is sometimes referred to as the 1stperson to convert to Islam

  • It’s because Abu Bakr the first one outside of the Prophet’s home to accept Islam – the first three was Khadijah, Zayd, & Ali – those are well inside the house of the prophet.
  • Another reason is that Abu Bakr is a man, thus has a higher status over women & children, who were not seen as real contributing members of society
    • Therefore, many historical narrations refer to Abu Bakr as the 1st one to accept Islam

— Ali bin Abu Talib is the 2nd person to accept Islam

  • Ali & the Prophet are paternal cousins, but because of at least a 30-year-age difference between them, the relationship was more like that of an uncle & nephew
  • Sometime before Muhammad receives Prophethood, there were some harsh & economic times going on in Makkah
    • Abu Talib, the uncle who raised Muhammad, was a simple man by nature. He lived simply, & even though he was a leader of his tribe, he had limited means. Even when he passed away, he left absolutely nothing
    • When the Prophet moved out of his uncle’s home, established his living as a businessman, & built his home with Khadijah, he was still cognizant his uncle’s situation
    • Muhammad went to another uncle of his, Abbas (ra), & suggested that they help out Abu Talib since he (Abu Talib) has very young children
  • Abbas agrees, & they both then go to Abu Talib & offer their help
    • Abu Talib’s son, Ja’afar (ra), who would later become a great shahid of Islam, is taken under the care of Abbas
    • Ali is taken under the care of Prophet, who raised him
  • In classical books of Seerah, Ali was 10 years old during First Revelation, other narrations say he was 7

— How Ali was introduced to Islam

  • One day at home, the Prophet was praying salah with Khadijah. Ali, a child, sees them praying, & says to Prophet, “Dear Muhammad, what’s this? What are you doing?”
    • The Prophet replies, “This is the religion of Allah that Allah has chosen for Himself. HE sends His messengers with this deen. So I call you to Allah alone. Son, there are no partners to Allah. I call you to only worship Allah. The idols that you see being worshiped, this religion calls for you to denounce these idols.”
  • Ali sticks to family values & says, “I can’t really decide right now. I have to talk to my dad about it.”
    • The Prophet didn’t advocate hiding things from your parents, but taking the entire situation into consideration, told Ali, “The time is not right to talk about Islam to every one about it. Allah hasn’t given me the time yet. Ya Ali, even if you don’t believe, keep it to yourself, please.”
  • Ali slept on it overnight. Allah planted Islam into his heart, & he came to Prophet in the morning, & asked, “What would you instruct me to do?”
    • Prophet said, “Testify that there’s no god but Allah, and do not worship the idols Al-Lat or Wuza, and do not associate partners with Allah.”

— Ali was then afraid of letting his father know. He didn’t know how Abu Talib would react. He kept it private for some time

  • Ali later joined Khadijah & the Prophet in prayer. Now you have a family praying together – husband, wife, & child doing salat


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