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Seerah episode 37: The Torture & Suffering of the Early Muslims in Makkah July 12, 2014

Filed under: Seerah — visitor74 @ 12:00 am

— At this point in time, there are 40-some odd Believers, & they congregate in Arqam bin Abil-Arqam’s house. Muslims have a presence in the community now. A majority of these Muslims were young & from the elite families in Quraysh

  • The presence of Islam was troubling to the Quraysh. The Quraysh decided that torture & persecution was the best course of action to take against the Muslims. They hoped that this would deter people from following the Prophet (saw)

— Abu Jahl (birth name: Amr ibn Hisham) belonged to tribe of Makhzum from the clan Banu Abem

  • He was mainly known by the title Abul Hakam
  • He was a strategic political leader of Quraysh
  • Because of his opposition to the Prophet & denial of the Prophet’s message, he became known by the Muslims as Abu Jahl, the Father of Ignorance
    • The plan of persecuting & torturing Muslims was the brainchild of Abu Jahl

— One of the first subjects of Abu Jahl’s torture was Bilal (ra)

  • Bilal was a Habesha slave who was born into slavery (his father was a slave) His mother’s name was Hamama.
  • Bilal was owned by Umayyah bin Khalaf, who was Abu Jahl’s best friend. They grew up together
    • After the Hijra, Umayyah bin Khalaf considered for some time to accept Islam. When he confided his thoughts about Islam to Abu Jahl, the latter said, “No, you can’t. You’re a leader of Quraysh. If you accept his message, you’re gonna open the floodgates for everyone else.”
    • Quran talks about him and the sorry that he will feel, in the verse: “And the Day, the wrongdoer will bite on his hand [in regret] he will say, Oh, I wish I had taken with the path of the Messenger. Oh, woe to me! I wish I had not taken that one [Abu Jahl) as a friend. [Abu Jahl] led me away from the remembrance after it had come to me. And ever is Satan to man, a deserter.” [Surat Al-Furqan, 25:27-29]

— When Bilal accepted Islam & Umayyah bin Khalaf came to know of this, he told Abu Jahl

  • Abu Jahl said, “Since you own this slave, why don’t you let me try out this new theory I have?”
  • Umayyah replied, “Yeah, go ahead. Do whatever you want.” They considered slave as sub-human, like a material that they can do with them whatever they want to do.

— Bilal went through severe torture under the hands of Abu Jahl

  • Abu Jahl would whip Bilal all night long until he became exhausted
  • During the day, when the heat would reach its peak & it was the hottest part of the day, Abu Jahl would lay down Bilal on the scorching sand without his clothes on, so that Bilal’s back would get badly burned. Then he’d place a big rock on Bilal’s chest so he couldn’t move
  • Abu Jahl would tie Bilal to horses & make Bilal run, dragged by horses
  • In these situations, Bilal would scream at the top of his lungs, “Ahadun Ahad!” (Allah, the One, One). His faith & devotion to Allah was never shaken

— Abu Bakr was a fairly successful businessman, honest man. He never earned dishonest money

  • Abu Bakr asked Umayyah bin Khalaf if he will sell his slave to him (Abu Bakr)
  • Umayyah initially refuses. Abu Bakr increased his offer until Umayyah eventually agrees to sell Bilal
  • Abu Bakr then secures the sale of Bilal, and immediately sets him free
    • Bilal became known as Bilal mawla Abu Bakr – they were very good friends
    • Umar bin Al-Khattab would say about Bilal & Abu Bakr, “There is our master (Bilal) who was freed by our other master (Abu Bakr).”
  • Bilal was later given the honor of being the first muezzin

— There were many female slaves & other young people who were persecuted & tortured mercilessly for being Muslims

  • Abu Bakr took it upon himself to help those who were persecuted for being Muslims
  • The following people are some of the early Muslims, the downtrodden & low-status people of Makkah, that Abu Bakr helped free:

— Amir bin Fuhairah (ra) was one of the early Believers who was also a slave of Tufail bin Abdullah Asdi

  • Amir was also a relative of Abu Bakr’s wife, Umm Uman
  • He was also tortured. Abu Bakr bought him & Amir continued to work as a shepherd
  • One of his best skills was that he was good at tracking. Amir bin Fuhairah played a vital role in migration of the Prophet & Abu Bakr from Makkah to Medina

— A slave woman named Zannirah or Zunairah belonged to someone of Banu Makhzum (same family as Abu Jahl)

  • Abu Jahl asked her owner to hand her over to him; he deprived Zannirah of sleep, food, & water. He also tortured her mercilessly, to the point that she lost her eyesight
  • Once she went blind, Abu Jahl taunted Zunairah, “Woman, do you know why you can’t see anymore? You lost your eyesight because Al-lat and Al-Uzza (the idols that Quraysh worshiped) have taken them, because you have disbelieved in them and abandoned the religion of our forefathers.”
    • Zannirah, devastated that she didn’t have the ability to counter him, simply said, “This is what my Lord has decided for me, this is why I have lost my eyesight. My Raab can return my eyesight to me. Who do you think you are?”
    • The following day, when Abu Jahl came back to torture her some more, Zannirah was looking directly at him – her eyesight was restored to her
  • Abu Bark spoke to her owner, purchased Zannirah & set her free

— An-Nahdiyah & her daughter were of tribe of Abd-dar. They were owned by a woman who tortured & abused the mother/daughter pair for accepting Islam

  • One day, mistress came by with a lot of flour.  She told them, “Knead all this flour together & bake it into bread.” She used her slaves for her bakery business. This owner would use her slaves for work, & during their off-hours, she would torture them. She swore by the idols, “I will never free the both of you.”
    • Abu Bakr came by & told her, “Free them, let them go.”
    • The owner said, “You ask me to free them? You’re the one who ruined them. You turned them into these Believers. You want them to be free, you free them.”
    • Abu Bakr asked, “How much do they cost?”
    • She set a high price. Abu Bakr said, “Fine, I’ll buy them both.” He didn’t even negotiate the price
  • After Abu Bakr bought & freed the slaves, they were surrounded by bags & bags of flour that they had to bake into bread. Abu Bakr told them, “Go and return this flour to the former owner.”
    • Instead of returning the flour, the mother & daughter asked Abu Bakr, “Is it okay if we finish the job that we had taken? We appreciate that you purchased us our freedom, but we were in the middle of a task. We want to finish the job we had started & then we’ll go on our way.”
    • Abu Bakr said, “You’re free now, you can do whatever you like. You don’t need my permission.”
    • Both An-Nahdiyah & her daughter stayed there until they finished baking the bread & gave it their former owner. See how big hearted they were.

— Ummu Ubais was a slave woman who belonged to al Aswad bin Abdi Yahud of tribe of Zuhra

  • Abu Bakr one day witnessed her being tortured, so he bought her & set her free

— A slave woman from the tribe of Adi used to be tortured by Umar ibn al-Khattab (this was before he became Muslim)

  • One day, Umar ibn al-Khattab was torturing this woman & he stopped after getting very tired. He was a young strong man, but he got extremely fatigued. He said, “I’m only stopping because I’m tired, not because I’m done torturing you.”
  • The woman smiled & said, “This is Allah who makes you exhausted. That’s why you can’t find the strength to continue.”
  • Abu Bakr came in & purchased her freedom

— Abu Bakr kept freeing people left & right, so much so that Abu Kufaha (father of Abu Bakr) became frustrated & approached his son

  • Abu Kuhafa, who accepted Islam years later, said, “I see that you keep purchasing these very weak & feeble slaves & setting them free. That’s fine, but they’re weak people. I guess I can kind of understand what you’re doing here. You feel obligated to do a good deed. But have you thought about – if you’re going to invest all this money to setting them free, why don’t you purchase physically strong slaves & set them free? That way you can have a crew, a bunch of bouncers to surround you & protect you. But you only purchase women & scrawny slaves.”
    • Abu Bakr replied, “I know what I want & I’m doing exactly what I need to do. I’m not looking for a posse or a crew. I’m looking to invest in my akhira. I’m not looking for security detail. I’m looking for ajar with Allah. I’m looking to purchase & free people who are held in high esteem in the sight of Allah.”
  • The following ayat from Surat Al-Layl were revealed in praise of Abu Bakr:
    • “As for he who gives and fears Allah and believes in the best [reward], We will ease him toward ease.” [92:5-7]
    • “Those who spend their wealth for increase in self-purification and have in their minds no favor from any one, for which a reward is expected in return, but only the desire to seek the countenance of their Lord, Most High and soon will they attain complete satisfaction” [92:18-21]
  • Abu Bakr bankrupted himself twice by purchasing the freedom of hundreds of slaves

— Khabbab bin al-Aratt (ra) was kidnapped & sold into slavery when he was a young boy. He was sold to a man from the tribe of Khuza’a

  • He accepted Islam & was subsequently also tortured. He was put on his back on heated stones to the point where his back was burned
  • He eventually gained freedom.
  • He was an Inspiration to the Sahaba, especially to Umar bin al-Khattab, when he was a khalifah. Whenever Umar felt down, he would ask to see the back of Khabbab and that reminded him the torture that someone else had to endure.

— Abu Fuqaiha was slave of Umayyah bin Khalaf. When Bilal was freed, Umayyah tortured Abu Fuqaiha nearly to his death

  • There was an incident where they were torturing Abu Fuqaiha & beating him, when a bug walked by his body
    • The son points at the bug & said to Abu Fuqaihah, “That’s your lord isn’t it?”
    • Abu Fuqaiha replied, “No, my Raab is your Raab, and the Raab of everything else.”
  • His torturer was so infuriated that this slave would dare to talk back to him like this, that he fell upon Abu Fuqaiha & started to strangle him until Abu Fuqaiha fell unconscious
    • When Abu Fuqaiha became unconscious, Safwan & Umayyah got up & walked away, because they thought that Abu Fuqaiha was dead
  • Abu Bakr later came in & purchased Abu Fuqaiha’s freedom

— Ammar bin Yasir (ra) was very close to his parents, Yasir & Sumayyah

  • He was the only child & he was one of the early people who accepted Islam
  • His father Yasir was from Yemen; he came to Makkah to establish a new life because Yemen was in a very bad economic situation while Makkah was thriving. When Yasir arrives in Makkah, the only way to gain citizenship in Makkah was to broker a deal with a citizen of Makkah. He brokered a deal with someone from the Makhzum tribe, & part of that deal was that he was now an ally of the Makhzum tribe
    • Yasir worked mostly menial jobs, but he was happy to have an income & he got married to a slave woman named Sumayyah. They lived very humbly with their son
  • When he accepted Islam, Ammar bin Yasir would sneak out at night to sit with the Prophet & worship with the Prophet at Darul Arqam
  • His parents start to notice his sneaking habits, & they asked Ammar what’s going on. When Ammar comes clean, his parents become devastated because they are worried about the repercussions from the opposition
    • Ammar used this opportunity to give his parents da’wah. He gives them the Prophet’s message & the Qur’an. Yasir & Sumayyah become so deeply affected that they both say that they want to meet the Prophet & accept Islam

— When Abu Jahl finds out that this little family of 3, who his tribe had given protection to, had the audacity to accept this new religion, that he sets out to torture them

  • He tied up the family to poles, & left them standing there for days. He would also torture the family members in front of each other. This went on for a very long time
    • The Prophet would walk by with tears in his eyes, & he would say, “Patience, O family of Yasir! Congratulations, O family of Yasir, you will all be reunited in Jannah.”
    • Abu Bakr also sees the family in their situation, & he goes to Abu Jahl, offering to purchase their freedom
    • Abu Jahl refuses. “No, not this time. Go away.”
  • One day, the mother, Sumayyah tells off Abu Jahl, “No matter what you do Abu Jahl, you can’t deter us from our faith. We will not disbelieve. You can’t do anything to us.”
    • Abu Jahl became so infuriated from this display of courage from Sumayyah, that he throws her down & kills her with his spear right in front of her husband & son
    • The first martyr from our Ummah was a woman, Sumayyah
  • Some narration says that Yasir eventually died from prolonged torture, while other narrations say that he was so beside himself at the sight of his wife being murdered in front of him, that he started to scream, fight, & squirm to free himself. Abu Jahl was fed up with that, so he threw Yasir to the ground & began to kick him; Abu Jahl literally kicked Yasir to death

— Ammar just saw both of his parents murdered in front of him. He’s tied to a pole, he can’t do anything

  • Abu Jahl then intensified his torture upon Ammar. He & others kept torturing Ammar until they realized that the sight of his parents dying in front of him was the worst part of all the torture
  • Ammar’s torturers finally said to him, “Say that you believe in the idols Al-lat and Al-Uzza, & say that you don’t believe in Muhammad. Say it. SAY IT. SAY IT!”
    • They just murdered Ammar’s parents in front his eyes, then beat & kicked him intensely, then screamed at him to abandon his faith
    • Ammar finally says, “Fine, fine! I don’t believe in Muhammad.”
  • Finally, Ammar’s torturers cut the ropes off him & walked off, feeling that they had achieved some sort of victory

— Ammar bin Yasir (ra) literally crawls to the Prophet, bloodied & an emotional & spiritual wreck, feeling immensely guilty because of what he just said about the Prophet to his torturers. He cries to the Prophet, “Oh Rasulullah, I messed up. This is what I said.”

  • The Prophet asked Ammar, “Ya Ammar, what was in your heart?”
  • Ammar replies, “I swear by Allah, I have never believed in Allah or you any more. My iman was stronger than it has ever been before. I just felt overwhelmed.”

— In that situation, Allah revealed an ayat validating the iman of Ammar (ra)

  • When you are overwhelmed or tortured or torn to shreds, and at that time, if something comes out of your tongue that is not in your heart, then Allah understands. He understands & He forgives you. Your iman is not invalidated
    • “Whoever disbelieves in Allah after his belief…except for one who is forced [to renounce his religion] while his heart is secure in faith. But those who [willingly] open their breast to disbelief, upon them is wrath from Allah, and for them is a great punishment” [Surat An-Nahl; 16:106]
  • Following the revelation of that ayah, the Prophet told his Sahaba, “If anyone of you end up in this situation, say what these wild dogs want to hear so that you’ll be able to escape their grip & torture.”
  • Later on, Ammar migrated with about a dozen other Muslims to Abyssinia (Habesha). He would then meet the Prophet in Medina years later

— Eventually, the persecution of Muslims wasn’t just limited to the women & slaves (the 2 groups of the lowest status), but it grew to include the men & the elite

  • Uthman bin Affan (ra) was tied up by his own uncle Al-Hakam bin Abdil A’as, who said to his nephew, “We will not let you go until you renounce your new religion.”
    • Uthman refused until he was finally able to escape
  • Musa’ab bin Umair (ra) was a celebrity of his time. He was young, handsome, wealthy, well-dressed. If he was at a party, you knew it was the place to be
    • When he accepted Islam, his mother tied him up & tortured him so that he renounce Islam. Mus’ab wouldn’t relent, so his mother stripped him off his clothing & threw him out in the street. Mus’ab went to the Prophet in his humble condition & the Prophet took care of him
    • Musa’ab later on went to become the first ambassador of Islam, when he went to represent Islam to the city of Yathrib. He was the representative of the Prophet, teaching & preaching Islam to the citizens of Yathrib. Over the course of a year, Mus’ab converted half the city to Islam
  • Sa’ad bin Mu’adh (ra), the chief of Banu Aus tribe in Yathrib, went to Musa’ab bin Umair & talked with him. Mus’ab gave da’wah to Sa’ad, & Sa’ad accepted Islam.
    • Sa’ad later stands in front of his entire tribe, & asks them, “What do you think of me?”
    • Sa’ad’s tribe responds, “You’re noble. We love you. We’re loyal to you.”
    • Sa’ad tells his tribe, “I’ve taken an oath that I will not speak to any of you until you accept this religion of Islam.”
    • By evening time, the whole tribe of Banu Aus had converted to Islam
  • Abu Bakr (ra) was beaten nearly to death by Utbah bin Rabi’ah

— During all of these persecutions of Muslims, Abu Talib (the Prophet’s uncle), became very concerned. First the slaves, then the women, then prominent members of elite families are being tortured through the strategy of Abu Jahl – and not a single one of these people left Islam no matter how severely they were tortured

  • Abu Talib is concerned, because he wondered just how long it will be until the torturers & enemies of Islam feel that it’s okay to lay their hands on the grandson of Abdul Mutallib, Muhammad. Abu Talib was extremely worried that his nephew, whom he raised since Muhammad was 8 years old, will come to physical harm from the likes of Abu Jahl
  • Abu Talib gathered together the elders of the family of the Prophet, & he said to them, “I need a promise from all of you that you will protect Muhammad.”
    • Abu Talib recited a poem before them, “When Quraysh gathers together to protect their dignity & their honor, then Abdu Munaf (one of the families of Quraysh, who were the descendants of Munaf) protect their core & their outer arms (meaning that they protect both the people that are the core part of their family & also the people that are remotely connected to the family). If we are willing to protect the family of Munaf, then we need to think of one thing. Within the family of Munaf is Banu Hashim, & the most honorable & dignified men belong to Banu Hashim (the Prophet’s grandfather, Abdul Mutallib, was an extremely respected member of Banu Hashim). Whether you like what Muhammad has to say or not, if you are proud of who you are & if you are proud of your tribe, then you must remember that Muhammad is a proud member of our proud family (because he’s the grandson of Abdul Mutallib). Quraysh is being called to action, to protect their dignity & honor. We have never tolerated disrespect & dishonor to our forefathers & our tribe. How will we tolerate it now? We will be strong & fierce in defending our honor, no matter how difficult the situation becomes. We will attack anyone who dares to lay a finger on our honor.”
  • Abu Talib was a smart man. His primary goal was to protect his nephew Muhammad, so he made his case to his family & tribe that “If someone hurts one of us, he hurts us all. If they spit on one of us, they spit on us all.”
    • He emphasized the legacy & honor of Abdul Mutallib. “Look, Muhammad is the grandson of Abdul Mutallib. Are you really going to let the honor & legacy of your forefather get attacked? What if someone harms Muhammad? What are you going to do? Think of Abdul Mutallib. Think of Hashim. Think of Munaf.”
  • That strategy worked. All the leaders of Quraysh & Banu Hashim stood united & claimed that they will not tolerate anyone disrespecting/attacking one of their own. At that moment, they all gave their oath to Abu Talib, that even though they don’t care for Muhammad’s preaching, they will protect & defend Muhammad in the name of their family’s honor
    • Only one person at that gathering did not agree, & he stormed out very angrily. Abu Lahab was that person. He was very upset & angry, & he continued to torture Muslims & harass his nephew Muhammad

— Now that Abu Talib had taken this oath of his nephew’s protection from his family, the Quraysh put together a convoy. They gathered every respectable leader they could find in & around Makkah

  • The Quraysh bring to Abu Talib a young man named Imarah bin al-Walid, whose father was a well-respected man in Makkah. Imarah was very intelligent & had a lot of potential
    • The Quraysh tell Abu Talib, “Look, we understand. Muhammad is your boy. He always showed a lot of potential, & he showed a lot of character. Here’s what we got to offer to you. Let’s make a trade. You see Imarah right here? He’s smart, loyal, got a lot of potential. Why don’t you take Imarah as your successor, your follower? You can groom & train him, whatever it is that you have planned for Muhammad. Then you can move out of the way very quietly, so we can take care of Muhammad & do what we gotta do.”
  • Even though the Quraysh made an oath to protect Muhammad, they’re now having second thoughts & are basically trying to convince Abu Talib that Muhammad is best “taken care of”. They had the audacity to not even take seriously the amount of pure love Abu Talib had for Muhammad. It was insane that Quraysh had stooped so low. They had lost complete rationality & logic to even make such an offer to Abu Talib
  • Understandably, Abu Talib was beside himself. He said to the Quraysh, “You people have completely lost it. This is the worst thing that anyone has ever said to me in my entire life. You people are insulting me. This is the worst way to insult someone. Muhammad is like my child. He’s my son. You think I’m going to give up my son like this?! This is the worst way anyone has ever cursed me in my life. You give me someone else’s son in exchange for me giving you my son? Are you insane?”
    • Abu Talib tells the Quraysh to beat it. “I don’t accept this deal.”
  • Muta’im bin Adi, who was a good friend of Abu Talib & later on one of the Prophet’s supporters, was there with the Quraysh
    • Abu Talib looked at him & said, “Muta’im, I’m disappointed in you. I thought you would have more sense than this.”
  • Abu Talib rejected that offer from the Quraysh & told the Prophet, “You keep doing whatever it is that you have to do.”

— 2 things to take away from today’s episode

  • In the face of all the torture & sacrifices, the early Muslims stuck to their imaan & convictions. They could not be shaken. It’s important for us to realize this & internalize it, & then reflect on it
    • How easily do we complain? How much do we cry about our situation (Shaykh Abdul is not belittling anyone else’s suffering, he’s talking about HIM). When I complain how difficult practicing Islam may be, I need to read these stories
    • Whenever Umar ibn al-Khattab (ra) felt overwhelmed with his duties as a khalifah, he would talk with Khabbab (ra) & look at his scarred back. Then Umar would remember that people went through a lot in the early days of Islam, so I need to keep it together
    • So, we, the modern-day Muslims, should not only learn about the Prophet, but also about the Sahabah, & understand the difficulties that they went through to put us into perspective
  • The same Sahaba who were sacrificing a lot for their faith went to the Prophet & said, “O Rasulullah, this is too much to bear. When will the help of Allah come?”
    • The Prophet replied to them, “You people are hasty. You people are rushing things. There were people before you who went through much sacrifice & torture. A ditch would be dug. A person would be put in that ditch & an axe would be taken, & that person would literally be chopped into half. A person would be strapped, & an iron comb would be taken, & the person would be skinned alive. They did not leave their faith. They stayed strong.”
    • The Prophet motivated his Sahaba like this. “Hang in there. Keep working. The help of Allah will come when the time is right.”

Link to next episode

http://www.qalaminstitute.org/2013/02/seerah-life-of-the-prophet-the-torture-suffering-of-the-early-muslims-in-makkah/

 

Kumpulan kuliah July 11, 2014

Filed under: Ilmu — visitor74 @ 11:21 pm

Kuliah

Meaning of Barakah
https://itunes.apple.com/my/podcast/bayyinah-podcast/id340137077?mt=2&i=313825625

1. something grow more than expected.
2. Continue to grow
3. Will not go away. continuous.

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Kalaulah ianya sesuatu yang baik….

ولو كان خيرا لسبقونا إليه

Sekiranya hal itu merupakan suatu hal yang baik, niscaya mereka akan mendahului kita semua dalam mengamalkannya.

Ulama telah mengulang kata-kata diatas untuk mengajar kita tentang agama. ‘Mereka’ yang dimaksudkan dalam kata-kata diatas adalah orang-orang sebelum dari kita – iaitu ulama-ulama salaf dari kalangan sahabat, tabein, tabi’ tabein. Mereka dulu lebih kenal Islam dari kita. Para sahabat belajar terus dan dididik oleh Nabi Muhammad sendiri. Tabein dididik oleh para sahabat dan tabi’ tabein dididik oleh para tabein. Kalau sesuatu amalan itu baik, tentunya mereka dulu akan buat dari kita.

Maka, tidak perlukan kita mereka tambahan dalam agama. Zaman sekarang ada zikir, zaman Nabi pun. Maka, kita kena samakan cara kita dengan cara mereka.

Kalau kita menambah amalan agama yang baru, adakah kita hendak mengatakan yang kita lebih baik dari golongan-golongan terdahulu? Tentu kita tidak lebih baik dari mereka. Oleh itu, kenapa kita nak buat lebih dari apa yang mereka telah ajarkan kepada kita?

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Menk on Ramadhan
Makanan pun tambah sedap.
Pahala yang banyak dalam Ramadhan. Berkali ganda.
Kelebihan kesihatan dalam berpuasa. Sebab ianya adalah Sunnah.
Bukan bulan puasa sahaja kita lakukan amalan yang baik. Amalan yang baik yang kita lakukan hendaklah diteruskan untuk bulan-bulan seterusnya. Bulan Ramadhan macam lastik yang ditarik sedikit, untuk memberikan kekuatan untuk meneruskan amalan yang baik itu dalam bulan-bulan yang lain.
Baca dan fahami Quran. Banyak alat boleh pakai zaman sekarang. Ada iPad, ada smart phone dan sebagainya. Kita hendaklah pandai memanfaatkan segala kemudahan yang ada itu.

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4 isu yang dibahaskan dalam surah al-Kahfi

1. Ujian Dajjal adalah ujian kepada akidah kita. Ianya adalah tentang Iman. Pemuda kahfi diuji iman mereka tapi mereka tetap dalam iman. Ajar kita untuk jaga agama.

2. Harta. Kisah seorang pemuda yang ingat hartanya yang banyak itu didapatinya sebab usaha dia. Dan dia ingat harta itu akan kekal sampai bila-bila. Allah mengingatkan kita dalam kisah pemuda itu bahawa Allah yang beri segala rezeki dan segala kekayaan. Dan harta itu tidak kekal. Ianya adalah hak Allah. Jangan salah guna walau ia harta kita.
3. Ilmu. Zaman sekarang ramai yang jahil dikata berilmu. Dan kita sekarang dikawal kerana maklumat kita dapat dari musuh Islam. Dalam surah Kahfi ini ada kisah tentang Nabi Musa dan Nabi Khidr. Dalam kisah itu, Musa telah silap cakap apabila dia berkata yang dialah manusia yang paling alim dalam dunia. Maka, Allah telah betulkan pemahaman baginda. Ada ilmu yang lebih sikit diberikan kepada orang lain, tapi dalam bahagian lain. Always search for knowledge. What we need is pristine knowledge. Never be satisfied with what knowledge that we have now, we must add to our knowledge.
4. Kuasa. Sebab hendakkan kuasa, ada manusia yang puja setan. Dalam surah Kahfi, ada menceritakan tentang seorang individu yang bernama Zulkarnain yang amat berkuasa tapi tidak beliau salah guna. Dia seorang yang beriman. Beliau telah mendirikan hukum Allah.

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Berbagai cara buat kebaikan:

Tulang kita ada 360. Setiap pergerakan adalah sedekah. Sedekah kepada diri kita sendiri.
Banyak cara boleh buat kebaikan itu.

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Kekeliruan dalam masyarakat:

Dakwah yang utama dan mula-mula adalah mengajak kepada tauhid.
Nabi dan khalifah menghancurkan perkara yang boleh membawa kepada syirik.
Orang yang asing pada pandangan masyarakat adalah mereka yang mengamalkan Sunnah yang betul.
Orang tengok lain macam padahal mereka mengamalkan yang betul.
Tidak fanatik kepada orang kecuali Quran dan hadis.

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Nouman Khutbah: introducing Allah from Fatihah.

Reminder is the same wherever you are. Sometimes, we wonder what message to give to people. They might already know what we are about to talk. But then, reminder is the same whether they are knowledgeable in religion or not. Because reminder is about something that you already know. But people tend to forget. So we remind them.

First, one thing that we can do is to remind them about Allah. We can use Surah Fatihah. We can also use this verses on non muslims as well. Because we can introduce Allah in the first 3 verses Fatihah.

We are people of Alhamdulillah. We praise and thank Allah from the bottom of the heart. In all situations. Don’t just say it out of habit, but really, really means it. Because things could have been worst.

In the first verse, Allah introduced His first asma’ – Rabb. It means that Allah is our Master. We need to accept Allah as our master. Which many people find it hard to do. What’s a slave would do? Slave would constantly ask permission of master.

Rahm has mercy, love, care and consideration.

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The dangers of music:

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Quran In daily life

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Khutbah on Surah Furqan, special kind of slaves:

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About Quran

Is our worldview. Relationship with Quran. Quran has its own logic. How Quran thinks. Not only to take hukm from it. Look at the world. Human are heedless. Lost in their own world and entertainment. You can’t go outside and not experience Quran. You can’t escape from it.

Stories in Quran is brief. Only tell what is important.
They say – dumb things. Allah quoted them. Hint for us.

Fitrah of human is not to lie. That is why if you put machines to human to check their breathing and blood pressure, it would detect if he’s lying.

I missed this lecture when Ustaz Nouman was in town. But here’s the brief snippets from the lecture.

Of course Quran says that if you don’t believe Quran, then bring a verse like it. But that’s not the first thing that the Quran says. That demand was given long after the prophet has made his dakwah. He did not start by telling the people of the miracle of the Quran. Neither should we.
The problem is when you start to to debate with non-Muslim about it, then the immediately would try to debunk that idea and they would close themselves to Quran. Where would try to show them the miracle of the Quran, they would find reason why not.

On the other hand, why would us Muslims should know about the miracle of the Quran? Because to strengthen our heart. Not our mind, but heart. Like when Nabi Ibrahim asked Allah how He raised the dead. Allah asked him whether he did not believe. Ibrahim replied that it is to strengthen his heart. So, whenever a human sees a miracle, it would help him. Whether he’s a prophet or a normal human being. For example, we read about the parting of the sea during Moses time. It is not the same as the people who saw it, right? Their iman should be stronger.

I’jaz of the Quran. Miracle is not the right word. I’jaz means defeat.

1. Sumbulatin. Kalau plural: sumbulaat. Kalau super plural sanaabil.

2. Ni’mah. Plural:

3. Surah saff. Nabi Musa memanggil kaumnya: يا قومي tapi Nabi isa panggi mereka dengan panggilan wahai bani israil. Sebab untuk termasuk dalam sesuatu kaum itu, ayah mestilah dari kaum itu. Jadi Nabi isa tidak ada ayah. Jadi dia tidak boleh mengatakan bani israil itu kaumnya. Quran menekankan kelahiran Nabi isa tanpa ayah.

4. Surah Jumuah.

5. Jumuah. Business and entertainment.
Sequence. Businessmen got up first.

Entertainment.

Sales.

 

Seerah episode 36: The Prophet Recruits Talented Young People July 8, 2014

Filed under: Seerah — visitor74 @ 1:20 am

— Reaction to Prophet’s message was in 3 categories:

  • Those who opposed him (Abu Lahab & his wife)
  • Those who believed in him (Ali, Khadijah, Abu Bakr)
  • Those in the middle
    • Those who went about their business & were apathetic overall
    • Those who didn’t believe yet supported Prophet (Abu Talib)

— Az-Zubayr ibn Al-Awam (ra)

  • He was one of the first few people to accept Islam under the da’wah of Abu Bakr
  • He was Khadijah’s nephew & Muhammad’s paternal cousin
  • He played a critical role even after the passing of the Prophet (saw)

— Abdur Rahman bin Awf (ra)

  • He was very close to the Prophet. He was a leader of his people & a very successful businessman.
    • He migrated to Medina & was paired with an Ansari. His Ansari brother offered Abdur Rahman some money to get him on his feet, but Abdur Rahman respectfully declined. He just wanted to know where the marketplace was, where he started his business.
  • His mother was a good friend of the Prophet’s mother Aminah bint Wahab, & she was present at the birth of the Prophet
  • He was also known for his taqwa (God-consciousness)
    • Abdur Rahman is one of the 10 Sahaba who is guaranteed Jannah. However, when the Prophet was listing off the names of the 10 Sahaba who will enter Jannah, the Prophet said to Abdur Rahman bin Awf, “You have guaranteed access to Jannah, but you will be lagging behind.”
    • Abdur Rahman asked why, & the Prophet replied, “You will be busy giving accountability & answering for all the wealth you possess.” This weighed heavily on Abdur Rahman
  • During the Khilafa of Uthman (ra), a very huge trade caravan (business delivery) arrived in Medina. The caravan was so huge that it spanned from one end to the other end of the city
    • The whole city was abuzz due to arrival of the giant caravan. Aisha (ra) comes out of her home & asks what’s going on. Someone told her, “These are Abdur Rahman bin Awf’s delivery.”
    • Aisha then sends Abdur Rahman a message, “Congratulations. May Allah bless your wealth. Remember what the Messenger of Allah told you.” Aisha was looking out for Abdur Rahman when she gave him that advice.
    • When he received the message, Abdur Rahman broke down into tears. He remembered what the Prophet had said about him lagging behind. He then gave everything from the first caravan to the last caravan away as sadaqah (charity) to BaitulMal.
  • Abdur Rahman was also a very strategic thinker
    • This was displayed by the confidence both the Prophet & the rest of the Sahaba had in Abdur Rahman
    • Before Umar ibn Al-Khattab  (the 2nd Khalifah) passed away, he appointed a council to oversee the appointment of the next Khalifah. Umar elected 6 Sahaba as candidates for the council. He told them, “You are to lock yourself in a room & not come out until you vote for the next the Khalifa.”
    • There are 6 candidates, so there’s a possibility of being a tie. If there’s a tie, then Umar ibn Al-Khattab offered the tiebreaker: Abdur Rahman’s vote counted as 2 votes. If there’s a tie, whichever side Abdur Rahman was on, then that side gets to be the Khalifah

— Sa’ad bin Abi Waqas (ra)

  • He was the cousin of the Prophet’s mother Amina. He’s also from the first dozen or so people to accept Islam
  • Sa’ad was only 17 years old when he accepted Islam
  • Surat Luqman; 31:14-15
    • “And We have enjoined upon man [care] for his parents. His mother carried him, [increasing her] in weakness upon weakness, and his weaning is in two years. Be grateful to Me and to your parents; to Me is the [final] destination.”
    • “But if they endeavor to make you associate with Me that of which you have no knowledge [i.e. shirk], do not obey them but accompany them in [this] world with appropriate kindness and follow the way of those who turn back to Me [in repentance]. Then to Me will be your return, and I will inform you about what you used to do.”
  • Sa’ad was very close to his mother. When his mother found out about his conversion to Islam, she was devastated. She tried to talk him out of it, but Sa’ad didn’t budge
    • At the time, his mother said, “I’m not going to eat or drink anything until you stop this foolishness.”
    • Sa’ad of course tried to talk her out of it, but she was insistent. Sa’ad’s mother didn’t eat or drink anything for 4 days
    • Sa’ad still didn’t give up his faith, but he stood by his mother holding bread & water crying & urging her to eat & drink, until she finally gave up the pursuit & ate. She later came to terms with his belief
  • Sa’ad is known for his bravery in battles. He was a very good archer. He was the first archer to shoot his arrow for Islam.
  • His life revolves around the theme of family
  • At the time of Hujjat al-wada (the Farewell Hajj), when the Prophet & all the Sahaba performed Hajj, Sa’ad became very sick, to the point he was deathly ill & there was uncertainty of his recovery
    • Sa’ad tells the Prophet, “I have a significant amount of wealth, and I have only a daughter to pass my wealth to. My wealth is more than enough for my daughter, so is it okay if I give 2/3 of my wealth as sadaqah?”
    • The Prophet replied, “No.”
    • Sa’ad asked, “How about half?”
    • The Prophet replied, “No.”
    • Sa’ad asked, “One third?”
    • The Prophet said, “Yes. Allah allows you to give 1/3 of your wealth as sadaqah. However, 1/3 is a lot. Rather than giving your money to sadaqah, it’s more beneficial to leave your family members well off so that they don’t end up on the streets.”
    • He later came out of his illness and continue to live a long life.
  • At battle of Uhud, when the Prophet was under attack, Sa’ad bin Abi Waqas stood in front of Prophet & just launched arrows, defending the Prophet
    • The Prophet said, “Keep shooting, Sa’ad.”
    • The Prophet also told Sa’ad, “May my mother and father be sacrificed for you, Sa’ad.” That was a phrase that the Sahaba would regularly tell the Prophet, but the Prophet rarely said this to any Sahabi but he said that to Sa’ad.

— Talhah ibn Obaidullah (ra)

  • He’s the cousin of Abu Bakr, who shared the message with Talhah. Talhah was a successful businessman & a man of great character
  • Talhah was also one of the 10 Companions of Paradise
  • He was a strong consultant to all the Khalifahs after the Prophet’s death
  • Talhah was the brother-in-law of the Prophet. Talhah’s wife Hamna bint Jahsh & the Prophet’s wife Zaynab bint Jahsh were sisters
  • He narrated many Hadith from the Prophet
  • On the day of Uhud, Talhah defended the Prophet very bravely. The Prophet later remarked, “Whoever wants to see a living shahid, should look at Talhah.” He earned the status of shahid without dying because of his devotion to the Prophet. He was a ‘living shahid’.

— Abu Ubaidah ibn al-Jarrah (ra)

  • The Prophet referred to Abu Ubaidah as the Most Trustworthy Person in the Ummah
  • He was well-known for his character even before Islam
    • The Sahaba said that there were 3 people in the Pre-Islamic era who were known throughout Makkah for their honesty, trustworthiness, & their character. They were not people who indulged in any illicit behavior even though it was the norm during Jahiliya, such as drinking, adultery, or fornication
    • Those 3 people were: Abu Bakr As-Siddiq, Uthman ibn Affan, & Abu Ubaidah ibn al-Jarrah (ra). It is not a coincidence then that both three ended up as early muslims.
  • Abu Ubaidah was put in charge of the Bayt al-Mal (royal treasury that managed government expenditures) by the Khulifah
  • He was an ethical businessman
  • He accepted Islam the day after Abu Bakr did
    • He was from Banu Taym, but from a different family in Banu Taym. He was the only one to accept Islam from that family, & because of that, he suffered a lot of persecution from his family
    • He joined the second group of Muslims that migrated to Abyssinia. He also joined the Prophet in his Hijra
  • Abu Ubaidah would reject government positions
    • He was appointed as governor of Syria without his consent. The people just appointed him, & then let him know, “Oh, by the way, you’re in charge of Syria now.”
    • He was so uncomfortable that he said, “I’m here to serve the people, but I can’t accept this position.”

— Sa’id bin Zayd (ra)

  • He’s Makkan by origin. His nickname is Abul Aawar
  • He was from Banu ‘Amir. Sa’id was married to Fatima bint Khattab, the sister of Umar ibn al-Khattab. When Umar wanted to kill the Prophet, someone said that even his sister had embraced Islam. So Umar went over their house and beat his sister and Sa’id.
    • Sa’id & his wife Fatima married in their teens. They were around 20 years old when they accepted Islam
  • Some of the Sahaba say that Sa’id was one of the first scribes of divine revelation
  • Before there was divine revelation, there were people of Hunafa, who practiced monotheism & didn’t worship any idols
    • Sa’id’s father, Zayd bin Amr bin Nufail, was a staunch Wahid (monotheist). When his family & tribespeople would have a feast where they would sacrifice an animal for one of their deities, Zayd would not partake in that food. He would not eat meat that was slaughtered in the name of the idols. He’d bring his own food
    • Because of this, Zayd would get persecuted by his family & tribesmen
    • Zayd represented tawhid during a time period where there was no tawhid in the world. Years later, the Prophet would praise him: “On the Day of Judgment, Zayd bin Amr bin Nufai will be raised as an Ummah by himself.”
  • Sa’id was always by the side of the Prophet. He was one of the men who stood in front & defended the Prophet in the Battle of Uhud
    • He died in year 51 after Hijra (79 years old).  Sa’ad bin Waqas (ra) & Abdullah bin Amr (ra) oversaw Sa’id’s janaza

— The Sahaba mentioned above were some of the first people to congregate in Darul Arqam (House of Arqam), which was considered a safe place for the early Muslims to worship during a time when they were facing persecution. There were more Sahaba who would meet in Darul Arqam:

  • Abu Salama
  • Abdullah bin Abdul Asad
  • Al-Arqam bin abil-Arqam
  • Uthman bin Madhoon & his two sons, Qudama and Abdullah
  • Ubaidah bin al-Harith
  • Asma & Aisha, the daughters of Abu Bakr
  • Khabbab bin al-Aratt (Read his Wiki page)
    • He was a slave of Umm Anmar & he was tortured relentlessly when he accepted Islam. He would be dragged on his back on burning coals
    • During the Khilafah of Umar ibn al-Khattab, whenever he would feel drained by the weight of his duties, Umar would sit with Khabbab & ask him about the latter’s sacrifices. Umar would ask to see Khabbab’s back, which was scarred from those burning coals. Umar would say, “When I would look at Khabbab’s back, it would make me realize that that is what you would call sacrifice.”
  • Umair bin Abi Waqas
    • He was one of the 14 shuhada (martyrs) in Battle of Badr
  • Abdullah bin Mas’ood
    • He was the young shepherd outside Makkah who accepted Islam at the hands of Muhammad & Abu Bakr
    • He was one of the most knowledgeable Sahaba. He was called Muallim (teacher) by the other Sahaba
  • Mas’ud ibn al-Qari
  • Salit bin Amr
  • Ayash bin abi-Rabi’a & his wife Asma bint Salima
  • Khulays bin Hudafa
  • Amir bin Abi-Rabi’a
  • Abdullah  & Abu Ahmad, the sons Jhash ibn Riyah (ra), who was a major leader of his tribe
  • Ja’afar bin Abi Talib, the brother of Ali bin Abi Talib
    • Ali was raised by his cousin Muhammad, while his brother Ja’afar was raised by Abbas, another uncle of Muhammad
    • Ja’afar accepted Islam at the age of 22, at the da’wah of his brother Ali
  • Ja’afar’s wife Asma bint Umays
  • Hatim bin al-Hadith & his brothers Khattab & Mu’ammar, and their wives
  • As Sai’d bin Uthman bin Madhun
  • Al Mutallib ibn Azhar & his wife Ramlah bint Abu Sufyan
    • The couple were early converts to Islam despite Ramlah’s father initially being in opposition to Islam
    • The couple migrated to Abyssinia to escape persecution. Al Mutallib became an alcoholic there, & he drank himself to death, leaving behind his pregnant wife. Ramlah eventually gave birth to a daughter Habiba
    • The Prophet heard the news that the daughter of Abu Sufyan is alone in Abyssinia as a widow & a single mother. Of course, there were about a dozen other Muslims there with her, but she was still a widow, so the Prophet sent a marriage proposal to her. The King of Abyssinia, an-Najashi himself facilitated this marriage & provided the wedding feast
    • So Ramlah became a Mother of the Believers
  • Na’im bin Abdullah
  • Amar bin Fuhaira, who was a servant of Abu Bakr
  • Khalid bin Sa’id & his wife Amina bint Khalif
  • Hatib bin Amr
  • Abu Hudaifa
  • Waqid ibn Abdullah
  • Khalid ibn al-Bakir ibn Abdul Yalil & his 3 brothers, Amir, Aqeel, & Eias
  • Amr bin Yasir, & his parents Yasir & Sumaiyya
  • Suhaib bin Sinan

— The above are the first 40 to accept Islam. Arqam bin Abil Arqam’s house was the first place that these Muslims would congregate in. This was the first community of the Prophet, a small congregation of 40 people

The Prophet was the ultimate talent scout

  • He specifically reached out to the talents who were available in the early days of Islam. The Prophet was cultivating these talented individuals & building the All Star Cast & dream team
  • Part of the Prophet’s strategy & developing the All-Star Cast was targeting the younger people. Shaykh Abdul made a point to mention that our attitude toward the youth of today is very patronizing. Our concern for the youth is judgmental. We don’t talk about what the youth have to bring to the table, but rather, we talk about them as they are a problem, as though they are a spiritual charity case
    • The Prophet was different. He went after them & sought out the youth, “You are the right man for the job.”

— The early Sahaba who became notable leaders later in history accepted Islam when they were very young

  • Age 10 – Ali bin Abi Talib
  • Age 13 – Abdullah bin Umair and Abu Ubaidah ibn al-Jarrah
  • Age 14 – Uqbah bin Amir
  • Age 15 – Jabir bin Abdullah and Zayd bin Harithah
  • Age 16 – Abdullah bin Mas’ood, Khabbab bin al-Aratt, and Az-Zubayr ibn Al-Awam
  • Age 17 – Talha ibn Obaidullah, Abdur Rahman bin Awf, Al-Arqam bin Abil Arqam, Sa’ad bin Abi Waqas, Asma bint Abi Bakr
  • Age 18 – Mu’adh bin Jabal and Mus’ab bin Umair
  • Age 19 – Abu Musa al Ashaari
  • Age 22 – Ja’afar bin Abi Talib
  • Ages 25-31 – Uthman bin Khuwaylid, Uthman bin Affan, Abu Huraira, Umar ibn Al-Khattab (all were the cream of the crop)

So, do not undermined the young ones.

 

http://www.qalaminstitute.org/2013/02/seerah-life-of-the-prophet-the-prophet-recruits-talented-young-people/

 

Seerah episode 35: Two Uncles with Different Responses – Abu Talib and Abu Lahab July 7, 2014

Filed under: Seerah — visitor74 @ 9:02 pm

— After news was out in the open about the new religion, the Prophet (saw) began preaching publicly

  • In the public gatherings, many people didn’t speak up in defense of the Prophet, but no one spoke against him either
    • They were hesitant to attack the Prophet because they had no dirt on him. The Prophet was the man of the highest caliber; he was honest & trustworthy, so there’s nothing bad to be said about him
    • The Prophet’s uncle, Abu Lahab, on the other hand, was very irrational. No one supported his attacks against the Prophet; they’d walk away usually

— What the Prophet was presenting to his people was a complete shift in ideology, theology, lifestyle, morals, ethics, & character

  • The Prophet still consistently kept calling people toward Allah
    • He’d go to the town squares, marketplaces, anywhere public to talk about Allah’s message & open with the line, “O people. Say, ‘La ilaha illalllah,’ (tuflihuu) and you will find success.”
  • He’d go at season of Hajj while all of Arabia were gathered together for festivities
    • He’d call people – free people & slaves, rich & poor, weak & powerful – no one got priority, they were all called upon

— Very powerful & wealthy people from the leaders of Quraysh, who were insistent upon their shirk (idol-worship), would oppose the Prophet & oppress anyone who would dare to follow the Prophet, particularly the weaker followers

  • The most severe in opposition against the Prophet & his followers was Abu Lahab

— Abu Lahab’s birth name was Abdul Uzza, named after one of the major 3 idols that used to be worshipped in Makkah

  • He’s called Abu Lahab because of his complexion. He’s light in complexion, but his cheeks were very red. He was also a very intense individual; when he’d speak, his face would get red
    • Lahab is a burning coal, an ember. He was called Lahab because there was fire in his face – red cheeks
  • He’s very wealthy & a business leader. He was not a civil leader, like Abu Talib. He committed most of his energy in the business area; that’s how he leveraged his power & influence
  • Abu Lahab’s wife is named Arwa Ummu Jamil bint Harb. She  was the sister of Abu Sufyan, who is a political leader of Quraysh
    • She was an influential woman, due to her familial collections through her husband, brother, & father
  • Abu Lahab & his wife Arwa made it their life mission to oppose the Prophet & Islam
    • Abu Lahab would publically slander the Prophet to humiliate him
    • Arwa would throw trash on doorstep of Prophet (Abu Lahab was a neighbor of the Prophet, some say, they live just next door). When she’d see the Prophet in public, she’d pick up dirt & throw it at him at Prophet. This is so that the dress of the Prophet is soiled and he’s not fit to meet people.

— A man named Rabi’a, who later accepted Islam, remembered seeing the Prophet in his days of Jahiliyah

  • Rabi’a saw the Prophet in the marketplace. The Quraysh wouldn’t let the Prophet preach in Makkah, so to protect his Sahaba from harm, the Prophet would go to the outerline of the marketplaces to preach
  • Rabi’a recalls the Prophet urging people to accept monotheism & let go of idol worshipping. The people gathered around to listen to him
  • Behind the Prophet, a man with a fair complexion & flaming cheeks would run behind the Prophet & scream, “This man has abandoned the religion of our forefathers. This man is a liar. Do not let this man deceive you. He wants to remove you from the worship of Uzza and Ellaat.” What Abu Lahab was doing was so bizarre that people are more interested with what he was doing. In a way, it made people want to find out what he was so against. So they were drawn to what the Prophet was saying. So, where he wanted to shoo people away from the Prophet, it actually made people come closer.

— Abu Lahab constantly harassed the Prophet

  • Abu Lahab would also throw dirt at the Prophet
  • He would also follow the Prophet all over the marketplace & carry a sack of stones. The Prophet would engage in an intelligent conversation with someone, giving dawah & explaining the Qur’an, when Abu Lahab would take the stones & throw them at the back of the head of the Prophet
    • Abu Lahab would scream & interrupt the Prophet’s conversations with people; “Don’t listen to him! I know him! He’s my nephew. I know him better than you do. He’s crazy, he’s a liar, and he’s a magician. Don’t listen to him!”
  • Abu Lahab would follow around the Prophet all day long like this. He had become such a circus act that people were actually distracted by him. People would be curious, “Who is this crazy old man? Who is this lunatic?”
    • He would disrupt both public & private gatherings wherever the Prophet was giving da’wah

— Abu Lahab’s wife also escalated her harassment of the Prophet

  • She would throw trash on the doorstep of the Prophet’s house & she would also throw trash at the Prophet
  • She would also make up poetry against the Prophet:
    • Mudhamaman Qalayna – We are tired of him (mudhamam)
    • Wa Deenahu Abayna – And his religion we have rejected
    • Wa 7ukmahu 3asayna – And his rule we will always disobey

o Mudhamaman Qalayna – We are tired of him (mudhamam)
o Wa Deenahu Abayna – And his religion we have rejected
o Wa 7ukmahu 3asayna – And his rule we will always disobey

— There are 2 different sequences mentioned in the narration

— First sequence (popular version)

  • The Prophet would go about his business. He kept ignoring Abu Lahab
  • Allah revealed Surah Lahab (111:1-5)
    • “May the hands of Abu Lahab be ruined, and ruined is he. His wealth will not avail him or that which he gained. He will [enter to] burn in a Fire of [blazing] flame. And his wife [as well] – the carrier of firewood. Around her neck is a rope of [twisted] fiber (like a shackle made of fire)”
  • The Prophet recited this surah to his scribe. Word gets out of this surah. Abu Lahab & his wife hears about this surah, & they are enraged

— Second sequence

  • At this time, Ummu Khultum and Ruqqaiyah, daughters of Prophet, were betrothed to the two sons of Abu Lahab, Uthba & Utayba
    • Furious, Abu Lahab tells his sons, “You will go immediately to Muhammad, and you will break it off with his daughters. You will humiliate him.”
    • One of the sons went to the Prophet & said it’s over, and he left (he was better than his brother, he just broke the engagement)
    • The other son came to the Prophet, grabbed & ripped Prophet’s shirt, spit on him, & said, “Keep your daughter. I’m done.”
  • *Note: Listen from 30:30 – 36:25.  Some things from this podcast simply cannot be transcribed & capture the emotion behind the words. You need to hear it directly from Shaykh Abdul to truly sympathize with the Rasul (saw) and to have the Seerah have a greater impact on you. It’s just 6 minutes, so take some time to listen to that specific section if not the whole episode.

— Now, let’s talk about Abu Talib. The Prophet was close to Abu Talib since birth

  • The father of the Prophet, Abdullah, was extremely close to his older brother Abu Talib. That’s why Abu Talib had a lot of love for the only child of his brother who passed away very young
    • When both the Prophet’s mother Aminah and grandfather Abdul Mutallib pass away, Abu Talib raises Muhammad from the age of 8. Abu Talib also took over his father Abdul Mutallib’s custodian duties of the Haram
  • Even though Abu Talib didn’t understand the message that the Prophet was preaching, he threw his whole weight & support behind his nephew
    • In the 3rd of the gatherings in which the Prophet hosted a feast for Banu Hashim, which Abu Lahab would interrupt the Prophet at the end of it, Abu Talib spoke up in defense of the Prophet

— This was part of the reason why Abu Lahab was so infuriated. While Abu Lahab was the most economically influential person in Makkah, the most civically & socially influential person (as well as the de facto leader of Banu Hashim) was Abu Talib

  • Abu Talib was also the custodian of the Haram; he took care of the pilgrims to the Ka’bah. At the end of the day, Abu Talib’s contribution to society was more visible & more influential amongst Banu Hashim, Quraysh, & all of Arabia
  • Abu Talib’s face & name is the one that all Arabs knew, so when he publically declared his support for his nephew, Abu Lahab felt very threatened. That’s why Abu Lahab was very aggressive in his opposition to the Prophet
  • Abu Talib always showered the Prophet with affection. Muhammad was the most beloved of Allah’s creations to Abu Talib. He would always do right by his nephew & defend him. Abu Talib was loyal to the Prophet & he would always oppose the people who would oppose the Prophet
    • Even though Abu Talib still believed in the religion of the mushrikoon, he still defended the Prophet

— Abu Talib one day saw his own son Ali (ra) praying with his cousin Muhammad & Khadijah

  • Ali was very nervous about his father’s reaction, but Abu Talib approved, knowing that his nephew Muhammad was a good man. “Son, Muhammad is a good man. He’s honest. I raised him like my own, & I trusted him to raise you. You try to follow him & be like him. I may not understand your new religion, but I understand & know of his honesty. He’s a man of great integrity, so you follow him.”
  • Abu Talib supported the Islam of his son Ali

— The Prophet didn’t take the support of Abu Talib for granted. The Prophet appreciated it & expressed to Abu Talib that he never intended to be a burden to his uncle

— Akil bin Abi Talib, who later accepted Islam, narrated, “Quraysh came to my father Abu Talib.”

  • The Quraysh said, “This nephew of yours is causing a lot of nuisance to us. He’s at the marketplaces, he’s at the Haram. He’s causing a lot of trouble. Tell him to stop.”
  • Abu Talib said, “Ya Akil, go & get your cousin Muhammad.”

— Akil brings Muhammad to Abu Talib. It was the hottest part of the day when the Prophet arrived at Abu Talib’s home

  • Abu Talib tells the Prophet, “These cousins of yours say you cause them a lot of harm & difficulty. So please stop troubling them.”
  • The Prophet looked up at the sky. “Do you see this sun? I am not capable of going to this sun and bringing you back a flame from this sun.”
    • Meaning: I’m no more capable of stopping my preaching to you than I am capable of going to the sun & bringing a flame back to you
  • Abu Talib responded, “I swear by God, this nephew of mine has never lied, so go from here.”

— Another narration says that when the Quraysh brought their complaints to Abu Talib about Muhammad & Abu Talib asked his nephew to stop the troublemaking, the Prophet said, “O my dear beloved uncle. If the sun was put in my right hand, and the moon was put in my left hand, I would not stop preaching the true message of God until Allah has made His message apparent in the Earth or until I die trying to do so.”

  • The Prophet then teared up & turns to leave Abu Talib’s house. Ulama discussed the reason of his tears.
    • One opinion says that the Prophet was troubled by the thought that Abu Talib had turned his back on his nephew – the man who had had his back & supported Muhammad
    • Another opinion says that he was bothered by the fact that his uncle is an old man and he’s being badgered by others about his preaching. The Prophet was hurt just by the thought that his uncle was hurt. The Prophet, who had such a strong tie to Abu Talib, wished that he did not bring so much difficulty to his uncle
  • Abu Talib sees the Prophet saddened, & says, “Dear beloved nephew! You keep doing what you have to do. You do whatever it is that you want to do, because I will never leave your side. I will never stop defending you.”
    • He then recites some poetry: “Wallahi, all of them, if they get together, will not harm you unless I am laid to rest in my grave. You keep doing what you believe in doing. Be proud of what you do, and know that you bring people happiness. I know you have called me to believe in what you say. I know that you only want what’s good for me. You have spoken the truth and you have always been truthful. You have presented a way of life to me and I have no doubt that this is the best life that can be found on Earth. But if it wasn’t for my weakness – for people insulting you – I would have accepted your message. But I will continue to support you. You keep doing what you have to do.”

Link to the next episode

http://www.qalaminstitute.org/2013/02/seerah-life-of-the-prophet-two-uncles-with-different-responses-abu-talib-and-abu-lahab/#.UyyNDfldWSo

 

Sahih Bukhari Kitab Waktu-Waktu Sembahyang Sesi 30 & 31 Bab Akibat Orang Yang Terlepas July 5, 2014

Filed under: Hadith,Kitab Waktu Solat — visitor74 @ 4:17 pm

 

بَاب إِثْمُ مَنْ فَاتَتْهُ الْعَصْرُ
Bab 96 Akibat Orang Yang Terlepas[1] Sembahyang `Asar

[1] Ya`ni terlepas dengan tidak sengaja

Perkataan إِثْمُ dalam tajuk ini diterjemahkan di sini dengan ‘akibat’ dan bukan seperti maksud yang biasa digunakan: ‘dosa’. Kenapakah begitu? Akan dibincangkan di bawah nanti.

Tajuk ini menjadi perbincangan panjang ulama. Kenapa?

Pertama, tajuk ini dan tajuk selepas ini nampak macam sama. Padahal Imam Bukhari telah beriltizam untuk tidak mengulang tajuk.

Kedua, apakah makna فَاتَتْهُ? Apakah maksud ‘terlepas’ itu? Terlepas apa?

Ketiga, apakah erti إِثْمُ? Betulkah ianya bermaksud ‘dosa’?

Keempat, apakah akibat kalau terlepas solat selain dari asar? Adakah sama atau tidak dengan tinggalkan asar?

1. Ini adalah pendapat-pendapat yang diberikan berkenaan dengan permasalahan No 1 di atas – perbezaan atau persamaan bab ini dan bab selepasnya:
A – tidak sama sebenarnya tajuk ini dan tajuk selepas bab ini. Bab 96 ini Dikatakan ianya adalah tentang mereka yang terlepas waktu harus. Iaitu mereka buat solat dalam waktu makruh dan haram. Bab 96 ini adalah tentang melewatkan solat dari ‘waktu harus’ tanpa keuzuran. Bab 97 pula meninggalkan terus solat asar.

B – ada kata bab ini adalah tentang mereka yang meninggalkan solat kerana terlupa yang tak sengaja. Kalau sengaja, dah tentu confirm itu adalah satu kesalahan besar. Tapi bagaimana kalau dia tertinggal solat dengan tidak sengaja?
Inilah maksud yang dipilih oleh Imam Tirmizi kerana dia meletakkan hadis ini dalam bahagian ‘terlupa solat’. Maknanya, ada juga akibat buruk yang besar yang akan diterima manusia, walaupun mereka tidak sengaja.

C – membawa maksud yang sama dalam kedua tajuk itu. Iaitu dua-dua hendak menyatakan akan dapat ‘dosa’ apabila meninggalkan solat asar. Bukhari pisahkan kerana menjaga lafaz dua riwayat yang berbeza.

D – orang yang berdosa akan menyesal sangat di akhirat nanti. Iaitu mereka yang melewatkan solat asar sebagai menjadi kebiasaan untuk dirinya. Dan tidak kisah dengan waktu afdhal dan mustahab untuk solat asar. Kerana mereka melanggar Sunnah Nabi. Akibatnya mereka akan sangat-sangat menyesal. Sesalan mereka itu kerana meninggalkan Sunnah Nabi. Mereka tidak kisah dengan sunnah Nabi.
Mereka bukan kata tiada afdhal, tapi seolah-olah begitulah dengan perbuatan mereka. Kalau kata tidak ada waktu afdhal, itu memang dah salah besar dah tu.

Komen Maulana: jawapan A dan B tidak sesuai kalau dikatakan berdosa kalau tertinggal solat Asar. Kerana kalau ada uzur, tidak menyebabkan kesalahan. Sebab tak sengaja.
Dan Nabi pun ada kata kalau dapat satu rukuk dalam solat dalam waktu, maka dia akan dikira dapat waktu itu. Kenapa pula dikatakan dia berdosa kalau dia masih lagi dapat pahala? Maknanya, seseorang itu tidak ‘terlepas’ lagi solat itu.

Takkan buat sesuatu dengan tidak sengaja boleh dapat dosa pula? Hadis Nabi kata Allah akan maafkan kalau tak sengaja, terpaksa atau terlupa.

Jawapan C juga kurang memuaskan. Tidak sama dua-dua keadaan itu. Orang yang tertinggal solat tidak berdosa seperti orang yang meninggalkannya dengan sengaja.

Jawapan yang lebih tepat adalah jawapan dalam D. Amat penting menjaga Sunnah Nabi. Jangan dipandang kecil dengan apa yang dilakukan oleh Nabi.

 

Kemusykilan kedua: apakah maksud ‘terlepas’. Para ulama berbeza pendapat. Berikut adalah pendapat-pendapat mereka:

A. Imam Malik berpendapat orang yang tidak solat pada waktunya yang terpilih. Atau terlepas waktu afdhal.

B. Orang yang tidak sempat solat asar terus. Sampai matahari terbenam. Sampai kena qada solat Asar itu.

C. Tidak sempat solat sebelum matahari menguning.

D. Ibn Hajar berpendapat ianya tentang orang yang melewatkan solat asar sehingga keluar dari waktu harus tanpa sebab. Solat itu sah tapi tidak molek.

E. Tidak menunaikannya dengan berjemaah. Solat Asar berjemaah itu disaksikan malaikat. Mereka terlepas persaksian itu. Kenapa tak disebut waktu lain? Kerana Nabi sebut waktu ini. Memang tidak ada disebut jemaah dalam hadis. Tapi itu yang diambil pemahaman berdasarkan pendapat. Tapi waktu subuh pun malaikat ada juga. Kenapa tak termasuk?

 

Kemusykilan ketiga adalah apa maksud إِثْمُ dalam tajuk itu? Maksud asal إِثْمُ adalah ‘dosa’. Adalah Imam Bukhari pakai makna asal atau maksud yang majaz (kiasan)? Ada dua pendapat tentang hal ini. Ada yang kata ianya memakai makna asal iaitu ‘dosa.

Tapi, ada persoalan di sini: Adakah kalau tertinggal waktu afdhal sampai berdosa? Senangkah untuk berdosa? Kalau tinggal dengan sengaja solat asar tentulah berdosa. Oleh itu pendapat kedua kata bukan dosa yang dimaksudkan dengan perkataan إِثْمُ itu. Ianya hanya majaz sahaja. Iaitu kekesalan yang amat sangat. Walaupun tidak berdosa tapi dia akan menyesal sangat. Orang berdosa pun menyesal juga. Sesal itu seperti kehilangan keluarganya. Di akhirat nanti akan sesal. Sedih sangat. Semoga kita tidak begitu.

 

Kemusykilan keempat: bagaimana dengan solat-solat lain? Ini juga ulama berbeza pendapat. Zahir hadis hanya berkenaan solat asar sahaja. Tapi ada kemungkinan Nabi sabda begini kerana menjawap soalan sahabat tentang solat asar. Apabila sahabat bertanya tentang solat Asar, maka Nabi jawap tentang solat Asar sahaja. Tapi solat lain pun sama juga. Jadi, tidak menafikan benda yang sama kepada solat-solat lain. Tapi pendapat ini ada juga ditolak kerana tidak ada nas. Kalau nak kaitkan dan qiyas, kena tahu apakah ilat yang berkenaan. Kita tidak tahu dengan jelas apakah sebab Nabi mengkhususkan waktu Asar dalam hadis ini.

Kenapa terdapat lebih ancaman diberikan tentang solat Asar? Kenapa ada khusus untuk solat Asar?
1. Kelebihannya dan kerana ianya disaksikan oleh malaikat.
2. Sebagai galakan supaya dijaga dan dikerjakan kerana waktu itu manusia sibuk dan leka dengan urusan harian dunia.
3. Untuk menarik perhatian kepada sembahyang wustha – solat pertengahan – seperti yang disebut dalam Quran. Ianya dikatakan bermaksud solat asar.
4. Solat asar adalah sangat istimewa sampaikan kalau tertinggal solat dalam waktu afdhal pun dah seperti kehilangan keluarga. Apatah lagi kalau tinggal terus.
5. Waktu subuh dan asar itu adalah dua waktu yang malaikat berkumpul. Tapi kena asar sahaja yang disebut? Kerana kalau subuh, ada juga keuzuran kalau terlepas. Kerana tertidur contohnya. Tapi kalau waktu asar, alasan apa lagi?
6. Kita tidak tahu apakah ilat kenapa tinggi sangat kedudukan solat Asar itu. Akal kita tak sampai.
7. Waktu itu manusia sibuk cari wang untuk ahli keluarganya. Tapi kalau dia tertinggal waktu solat itu, seperti dia kehilangan keluarganya dan segala harta benda pula. Itulah kaitan kenapa disebutkan keluarga dan harta benda. Mereka sibuk kerana hendakkan harta untuk diguna dengan keluarga. Tapi kerana sibuk itu, mereka tertinggal solat.
8. Waktu asar asar adalah simbolik hujung hayat manusia. Itulah waktu matahari nak tenggelam sebagai isyarat hayat dah di hujung. Maka waktu asar itu adalah penting untuk diingatkan. Waktu itulah lagi penting untuk kita ingat kepada mati. Sepatutnya tak lupa dan kalau lupa, amat rugi sekali.

519 – حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ يُوسُفَ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنَا مَالِكٌ عَنْ نَافِعٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ الَّذِي تَفُوتُهُ صَلَاةُ الْعَصْرِ فكَأَنَّمَا وُتِرَ أَهْلَهُ وَمَالَهُ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْد اللَّهِ { يَتِرَكُمْ } وَتَرْتُ الرَّجُلَ إِذَا قَتَلْتَ لَهُ قَتِيلًا أَوْ أَخَذْتَ لَهُ مَالًا

Telah menceritakan kepada kami ‘Abdullah bin Yusuf berkata, telah mengabarkan kepada kami Malik dari Nafi’ dari ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar, bahwa Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam bersabda: “Orang yang terlepas salat ‘Ashar seperti orang yang kehilangan ahli keluarga dan hartanya.” Abu Abdillah berkata: يَتِرَكُمْ – engkau berkata, aku telah membuat seseorang hidup sendirian dan tidak memiliki apa-apa harta lagi setelah engkau membunuh seseorang dari ahli keluarga dan sahabatnya atau engkau mengambil harta bendanya. (Qs. Muhammad: 35)

Abu Abdillah yang disebut dalam hadis ini adalah Imam Bukhari sendiri. Dia menggunakan ayat Quran untuk menjejaskan apa maksud وُتِرَ yang ada dalam hadis. Apabila beliau membaca hadis ini, terus dia teringat kepada kata yang sama yang digunakan dalam Quran. Ini menunjukkan penting untuk rujuk Quran. Quran adalah rujukan utama kita dalam agama. Dan kena tahu ilmu alat dalam tafsir.

 

hadis yang seterusnya: 

 

Seerah episode 34: The Prophet Presents Islam & Appeals to Banu Hashim

Filed under: Seerah — visitor74 @ 1:52 pm

— Following the generation of Sahaba, Seerah was the primary tool to lay the foundation of the Ummah & understanding of one’s religion. Qur’an is the blueprint of Islam, but one of the primary prerequisites of properly understanding the Qur’an is to know the historical context of the Qur’an

  • E.g. if someone talked about taqwa (God-consciousness) for hours, talking about its theology, quoting some ayat & hadith, & giving the encyclopedic account of taqwa, you might gain in knowledge, but how would you apply all that information about taqwa in your life? You would need something human to illustrate the manifestation of taqwa
  • Side note: A friend likened taqwa to imagining a police car driving behind you at all times. You might not be doing anything wrong or illegal, you’re not speeding & your tailights work just fine, but you take extra care to pay good attention to your driving so that you don’t mess up & give the cop a reason to give you a ticket. Similarly, taqwa is being conscious of the fact that Allah is always watching you, even if you’re not doing anything wrong. You live life with the awareness that Allah & the angels on your shoulder are watching & recording everything, & you don’t want to get a “ticket” or a bad deed recorded, so you monitor your actions so as not to commit any misdeeds

— Allah tells us that without a doubt, within the Prophet (saw), we have the most excellent role model

— In the early phase of Prophethood, there were about only a dozen Muslims, done through private da’wah. In the 2nd phase of Prophethood, it was time to take the message public, but that didn’t mean all at once. The public phase would occur in a gradual process, & it began with the ayah:

  • “Warn the closest of your tribespeople (your khandan, your ashira, extended family) & whoever follows you from the believers, then be humble to them.”

— The Prophet told his cousin Ali bin Abi Talib (ra),  “I know that if I go & start with my family members, then what I know about them is that they won’t like what I say, so I hesitate to talk to them about Islam.”

  • Jibril (as) came to the Prophet & told the Prophet, “If you do not do what your Lord has commanded you, then He will punish you.”
    • Allah is holding the Prophet accountable for delivering the message
  • The Prophet then told Ali, “O Ali, prepare a goat for us. Prepare some other food along with it. Also, go bring a bowl of milk. Then go and call all the family of Abdul Mutallib.”
    • Ali did what he was told

— There were about 40 people who got together. Amongst them were the paternal uncles of the Prophet – Abu Talib, Hamza, Abbas, & Abu Lahab

  • Ali presented the food to them. Then Ali describes one of the early miracles of the Prophet. When he presented the food, the Prophet took a bite of the food, put it in a side of the plate, and said, “Eat in the name of Allah.”
  • Everyone dug in & it was a feast, despite there being only one goat. There was one bowl of milk, which was enough only for one man, but 40 men were able to drink from it
    • 40 people were able to eat & drink from a meal that would have served at most 2 people

— Once everyone ate their fill & Prophet was about to speak, Abu Lahab jumped in, “This brother of yours, Saheb, has done magic to all of us. 40 people feed on one goat? 40 people drink from one bowl? Look, Muhammad is practicing his magic on us.”

  • People got nervous & start to leave, didn’t give Prophet chance to address them. Another narration states that once Abu Lahab made his statement, he got up & left the Prophet’s house. Since he’s a leader of the family, others follow suit & leave along with him

— The next day, the Prophet told Ali to make similar arrangements as before. Prepare one goat & one bowl of milk

  • Everyone got together & everyone ate their fill even though food was prepared for one person
  • As soon as the Prophet was about to speak, Abu Lahab jumps in again. He shows up to eat the food, but gets everyone to leave by claiming that the Prophet was doing magic

— On the third day, they do it again. Food is prepared, everyone gets together, & they eat. The Prophet spoke up & beat Abu Lahab to the punch

  • “Ya Bani Abdul Mutallib.”
    • This is a respectable address, because Abdul Mutallib wasn’t just a leader of the people, he  was a legendary leader who united & organized the Arabs under his leadership
  • “I swear to Allah, I don’t know any man from the Arabs who has come to his people with something better than what I have come to you with today. I have come to you with something that will benefit you both in this world & in the Hereafter, and Allah has commanded me to call you to it. So who amongst you will aid me and be my brother in this cause?”

— Ali bin Abi Talib describes that no one responded. Everyone was quiet. The Prophet’s uncles, Abbas & Hamza, who were not Muslim yet, were inclined to this truth, & Ali could see from their faces that they were inclined to Muhammad’s words, but were hesitant

  • The Prophet presses them. “Who will support me? Who will join this cause?”
  • Ali couldn’t wait any longer. He was 12 or 13 years old at the time. He said, “I will, O Messenger of Allah.”
  • Prophet, “Anta? You?”
  • Ali said, “Yes.”
    • Years later, Ali recalls, “On that day, I was the least dignified of them all. I was of the least social standing out of all of them. They were the most powerful men in Arabia. I was the most fresh-eyed out of all of them; I was a child, a boy.
  • The Prophet was so pleased at Ali standing up & showing his support, that he praised Ali at that time in front of everyone
    • The Prophet says, “Ali is my brother, and he is my aid. He will be a leader, after me as well.”

— As this exchange happened, Abu Lahab, seeing the Prophet praise Ali, says to Abu Talib, who had inherited the leadership of Makkah after Abdul Mutallib’s death, “Look, look at what our nephew says. Our nephew says that he wants you to be submissive to your own 13-year-old boy. He tells the father that the son will be the leader. What does that make you? A follower of your own boy? I thought you were the big dog of Quraysh, the chief of Makkah. Your nephew humiliates you. Your nephew puts your own boy in a position of leadership.”

  • Abu Lahab basically twists the Prophet’s words to insult Abu Talib, who cared for Muhammad in his younger years. The Prophet had a strong bond with Abu Talib, like a father-son bond.
  • After hearing Abu Lahab, the Prophet broke down into tears
    • The Prophet said, “Dear Uncle, Ya Ammi, I never wanted to harm you. I never meant insult to you.”
  • Once Abu Lahab said this & got up & walked away from the Prophet’s house, everyone else got up and dispersed

— This was the first time the Prophet went public with Islam. This was the first public address of Islam to Banu Hashim

  • Sometime after this, all the speculation was over. Islam was out there now. The Prophet now took the publicity to the next level & gathered the Quraysh. He gathered only the tribe, not all of Makkah. First it was the family (Banu Hashim), now just the tribe

— The Prophet was a man of great respect. He was very measured with his words. Even in pre-nubuwwah (pre-Prophethood), Muhammad was quiet & didn’t speak unnecessarily. So if he publically gathered people to address them, everyone took him very seriously

— The Prophet climbed up the mountain of Safa, & addressed the Quraysh, “Ya Sabaha (emphatic address of listen, listen; Wa abāah!  means, “O calamity of the morning!” In Arabia, this alarm was traditionally raised by anyone who noticed an enemy tribe advancing against his tribe at dawn

  • The Prophet addresses each family of Quraysh, “Brothers of mine, listen. Ya Bani Abdul Mutallib. Ya Bani Luway. Ya Bani Fihr. Ya Bani Hashim. If I said there was a cavalry, a battalion of the other side of this mountain that was about to attack us, would you believe me?”
  • The Quraysh respond, “Yes, O Muhammad. We’ve never found you to be a liar. Why wouldn’t we believe you?”
  • The Prophet continues, “I’m here to tell you about a very serious punishment that’s coming your way. O community of Quyash, save yourselves from the Fire of Hell.”
    • He addressed each family to save themselves from the Fire of Hell. In some narrations, the Prophet even says, “Ya Fatima bint Muhammad, save yourself from the Fire of Hell.” In another narration, the Prophet also addresses his aunt, “Ya Safiya bint Abdul Mutallib, save yourself from the Fire of Hell.”
  • “I don’t control your fate. Most definitely, all of you here have a relationship with me. I will honor our family relationship with you to the best of my ability. But you have to realize what you have to do. You have to realize what’s at stake. Ask me for my money as much as you want. I will literally stand here and give them away. I do this out of compassion. Please, just take this message from me.
    • Bi-bilaliha: an expression in classical Arabic; it means “I’ll take care of this, regardless of what it takes. No matter how difficult it is, I’ll take care of it.”  Basically, “I’ll bankrupt myself, giving to you. I’m not here to take, I’m here to give.”
    • The Prophet just didn’t talk big game, he backed it up. He didn’t just preach flowery things (I’ll take care of you), but he did take care of them (whatever you need, take). When the Prophet passed away, he had very little in the way of material things to give away, because he spent most of his wealth on others

— For a moment, consider the amount of courage it took the Prophet to do this, to gather all of the families of Quraysh & to stand in front of them to deliver his message. He put all his cards on the table. It must have been difficult for him to pour his heart out like this at that moment. If you were to do the same, you would be hanging on, waiting with bated breath as to how your tribe will respond to you

  • Once again, Abu Lahab speaks up, “May be you damned. May you be wretched. May you be ruined all throughout the days (for the rest of your life). Did you not gather us here for any other reason but this garbage?”
  • As soon as Abu Lahab said this & walked away, everyone else also walked away with the Prophet still standing there. Imagine how heavy & discouraging that must have been for the Prophet. You pour your heart out to your own family, to your own people, only to be dismissed & brushed aside due to the words of your own blood relative

— One might have the incorrect assumption that the Prophet’s message was only taken out of family loyalty & tribal affiliation, but that’s not the case at all. His own family & his own people rejected him

  • The Prophet was preaching something that was completely new to the lives of the people. For centuries they knew only of the type of worship their forefathers knew
  • Still, the Prophet didn’t quit preaching. He didn’t stop when the going got tough. He had the resilience to continue to deliver Allah’s Message. He took care of his responsibility, beginning with his family members

 

Link to next episode

http://www.qalaminstitute.org/2013/01/seerah-life-of-the-prophet-the-prophet-presents-islam-appeals-to-banu-hashim/

 

Seerah episode 33: A Community in the Making – Some of the Early Companions (ra).

Filed under: Seerah — visitor74 @ 1:06 pm

— Some of the early people who accepted Islam were a different mix of individuals. The first people to make their Islam publically known were 7 individuals:

  • Muhammad (saw)
  • Abu Bakr
  • Ammar ibn Yasir
  • Sumayyah bint Khabbab, Amar’s mom (first martyr of Islam)
  • Suhayb ar-Rumi (the Roman)
  • Bilal
  • Al Miqdad

— Allah protected the Prophet by the means of his uncle, Abu Talib. Allah protected Abu Bakr by means of his people, Banu Taym

  • As for the rest of the believers, they were at the mercy of the mushrikoon. The other Muslims would be grabbed, dressed in armor made of iron, & sent to roast in the heat of the desert sun, which would be up to 140 degrees Fahrenheit
  • All of them were able to eventually find some sort of reprieve from this torture, except Bilal because he was a slave. Even the children of Makkah would tie him up & drag him through the streets of Makkah– he could do nothing but proclaim “Ahad, al-Ahad,” calling upon Allah

— Abu Bakr was the one who took the Prophet’s message, even in the first couple of days of his own Islam, to preach to prominent people who accepted Islam & later became the frontline of the Ummah

  • Some of the most remarkable people of the first Ummah were Muslim due to Abu Bakr’s da’wah
  • Abu Bakr delivered the Prophet’s message to the following people within the first 2 days of becoming Muslim
    • Zubayr
    • Uthman ibn Affan
    • Talhah ibn Ubaydullah
    • Sa’ad bin Abi Waqqas
    • Abdul Rahman bin Awf
  • He told them about Islam & personally took them to the Prophet. The Prophet would recite Qur’an to them & told them about the truth of the religion of Islam. They believed & took their Shahadah

— Abu Bakr was a leader of his people. He was a businessman, which was the most prestigious occupation back then. He was well off financially.

  • He’s known by his people to never engage in any prominent & unacceptable social evils. He was never seen intoxicated or attend nightclub-type of scenes that were prominent then. He abstained from those
  • Abu Bakr had a specific talent – he was a genealogist. He was an expert on family lineages. He knew the family lineages of every family in Makkah
    • He was the ultimate icebreaker. If he didn’t know your name, but he knew your relations, then that became his conversation starter
      • This gave him advantage in knowing which people would accept Islam

— The Prophet said, “Someone who guides or directs toward something good, then it is as if he has done it himself.”

  • E.g. if I’m going to do salah, & I tell someone, “Hey, it’s time for salah,” & that person performs salah, then that person gets their reward of praying & I get a duplicate reward of praying my salah + that person’s salah
  • Abu Bakr was the primary example of this. Because of his dawah to the first 8 people, everything they did for the rest of their lives in the service of Islam, Abu Bakr received their reward as well
    • Those first few people were the means of Abu Bakr to get a lot of reward, & then these people became the means for other people & so on, so the scholars say that it’s not difficult to imagine that the Book of Deeds of Abu Bakr are open & still recording deeds til today

— The Sahaba were sincerity personified. The biggest legacy they could leave behind was if nobody would ever remembered their name – this is a favor of Allah, not so much upon them, but upon us, so that we have someone to look up to as role models

  • The Sahaba’s biggest legacy is that their Books of Deeds are still open today – for 1400+ years, their Books have continued to record as the Ummah continues to grow

— Talhah ibn Ubaydullah (ra) went to the Suq of Busra. There was a person in his temple worshipping. The person was inquiring if anyone was from the Ahlul Haram (Makkah)

  • Talhah presents himself, & says, “Yes, I’m from Makkah.”
  • The worshipper asks, “Has Ahmad appeared?”
  • Talhah replies, “Who is this Ahmad you speak of? What Ahmad?”
  • Worshipper answers, “He’s the son of Abdullah the son of Abdul Mutallib. This is the month in which he’s supposed to be appearing to the people. He’s the finality of all the prophets. He will appear at the Haram. He will migrate to a place that has plenty of date palms [goes further to describe the landscape of Yathrib]. You need to go find him.”

— Talhah recalled that what the worshipper said made a lot of sense to him

  • He quickly departed for Makkah. When he got there, he asked around, “Did anything major happen while I was gone?”
  • The other Makkans tell him, “Yes, Muhammad ibn Abdullah, al-Ameen, pretends to be a prophet. Abu Bakr has followed him.”
    • Look at the contradiction here – they call Muhammad al-Ameen (the Trustworthy), but accuses him of pretending to be a prophet. The truth is, they can’t say anything bad about him.

— Talhah goes to Abu Bakr & asks if he follows Muhammad

  • Abu Bakr replied, “Yes I have. You should go meet him & follow him too because he calls to the truth.”
  • Talhah says, “Wait til you hear my story.”
    • Then he tells Abu Bakr about the worshiper in Busra. Abu Bakr takes Talha to Prophet & accepts Islam

— When Nawfal bin Khuwailid bin al Adawiya (aka the Lion of Quraysh) found out that both Abu Bakr & Talhah were Muslim, he kidnapped them. He took one rope & tied them both together

  • Banu Taim, Abu Bakr’s family, were not able to come the prisoners’ rescue immediately, so Abu Bakr & Talhah were left tied for some time
    • From that day on til their death, the two were known as Al-Karenayn (Best Buddies)
  •  After finding out what Nawfal did, the Prophet made du’a, & thus Abu Bakr & Talha were able to escape

— Abu Bakr was the direct cause of many people accepting Islam early on

  • Aisha (ra) narrates that Abu Bakr, literally the day after divine revelation first came down, goes up to the Prophet & told him, “Ya Abal Qasim, you were missing from the gatherings of your people today. They are saying that you are talking badly of our forefathers.” The Prophet replied to Abu Bakr, “I am the Messenger of Allah & I call you to Allah.” As soon as the Prophet finished presenting Islam to Abu Bakr, the latter accepted Islam
  • No one was more pleased with the Islam of Abu Bakr than the Prophet. Abu Bakr goes out & finds Uthman bin Affan, Talhah bin Ubaydullah, Zubayr, & Sa’ad bin Abi Waqqas & preaches Islam to them. They also accept Islam
  • The very next day, Abu Bakr gives dawah to Uthman bin Madh’un, Abu Ubaidah bin al-Jarrah (whom the Prophet dubbed the Most Trustworthy Man of this Ummah), Ab ar-Rahman bin ‘Awf, Abu Salama bin Abd al-Asad (his widowed wife later became the wife of the Prophet), & Al-Arqam bin abil-Arqam (founder of the first place of worship for Muslims, Dar-ul Arqam)

—  Some narrations say that there were 38 & others say there were 40 believers in the very early days of Islam.

— In the early days of Islam, there were 38-40 Sahaba. Aside from the ones mentioned above, the rest of the early Sahaba were:

  • Abu Salama
  • Abdullah bin Abdel Asad
  • Arqam bin abil-Arqam
  • Uthman bin Madh’un, & his two brothers Udama & Abdullah
  • Ubaida ibn Hadith
  • Asma & Aisha, the two daughters of Abu Bakr
  • Khabab bin al-Arat, a slave
  • Umar bin Abi Waqas, the brother of Sa’ad bin Abi Waq
  • Sa’ad & his brother Abdullah bin Mas’ud
  • Salid bin Amr
  • Ayash  bin Rabia & his wife Asma bint Salima
  • Khulais bin Hudafa
  • Amir bin Abi Rabia
  • Abdullah & Abu Ahmad, brothers
  • Ja’afar bin Abu Talib & his wife Asma bint Umays
  • Hateeb bin Hadith, & his two brothers Khatar & Mu’ammar & their wives
  • As-said bin Uthman
  • Mutallib bin Azhar & his wife Ramlah aka Ummu Habiba, who later became a wife of Prophet. She was the daughter of Abu Sufyan, who was one of the Prophet’s haters
  • Nayim bin Abdallah
  • Amir ibn Fuhaira, a servant of Abu Bakr
  • Khalid bin Sayid & his wife Aminah bint Khalaf
  • Hatib bin Amar
  • Abu Hudaifa
  • Mahsham bin Uthba
  • Waqeed ibn Abdullah
  • Khalid bin al-Bakeer & his 3 brothers, Amir, Aqeel, & Eias
  • Ammar bin Yasir
  • Suhaib bin Sinaan

— They were among the first 40 believers, & formed the core of the Sahaba. In the early days of Islam, the Sahaba would congregate in Darul Arqam to worship

  • Abu Bakr insisted to the Prophet, “We should all go public as an Ummah.”
  • The Prophet didn’t issue commands. If he issued commands, then Abu Bakr wouldn’t question the Messenger and would immediately go and preached to the public. Instead, the Prophet shares prophetic wisdom. Sometimes we have to learn through experience, not just instruction
    • The Prophet didn’t say, “No, we’re not going.” Instead, he said, “But we are very few.”

— But Abu Bakr insisted. So all the Believers all went to the Haram & spread out. Each Sahabi sat next to some people from their tribe/family, because that was a natural way of making a stronger showing. Meaning, if there’s anything bad happened, the people from their tribe would help them.

  • If you wanted to bash somebody in the head, & all of a sudden you see him sitting some of his tribespeople, there was enough tribal pride to where the tribespeople would say, “Wait a second. We think he’s (the Sahabi) is crazy too. But he’s our crazy. We’ll do what needs to be done. You don’t touch him.” So the Sahabi would have a bit of protection from their family members
  • After all the Believers had spread out, Abu Bakr stood up & addressed everyone while Prophet was sitting by Banu Hashim
    • This is the first time someone stood as a khateeb calling to Allah & His Messenger

— The people basically mobbed Abu Bakr. On that day, a lot of those Muslims got beat up in the different corners of the Haram

  • Abu Bakr got the worst of it. He was beaten very severely
  • Utbah bin Rabi’ah, a hateful enemy of Islam, took his hard-soled shoes off
    • Hard-soled shoes were distinct at the time, because typically shoes in desert were made of soft & flexible leather. Abu Bakr was thrown on the ground as he was being beaten
  • Utbah sat on the chest of Abu Bakr while Abu Bakr was getting beaten. Then Utbah started to pound Abu Bakr’s face (specifically his nose) with his hard-soled shoes
  • Abu Bakr’s nose was severely broken & his face was covered with blood. He was basically beaten into a coma

— When Banu Taim (Abu Bakr’s family) saw what was going on, a riot, they pushed everyone off Abu Bakr & rushed him off to his mother’s home

  • Tafa’ul: to hope for something good by saying good words. It’s not “good luck”, but it’s like good encouragement by giving something a good name or saying something good
    • E.g. if a boy is going to Qur’an class & he’s still on his alif-baa-tha’s, then you say, “Mash’Allah, hafidh of the Qur’an!” Obviously the boy is not yet a hafidh, but you’re predicting & encouraging a good future for him. This is tafa’ul

— Abu Bakr’s mother was called Ummu Khair (the Mother of Good), so it is a tafa’ul. Because Abu Bakr is khair (goodness). The people of Banu Taim take Abu Bakr to the house of Ummu Khair & leave him there. They take an oath that if he dies, they will publically murder Utbah bin Rabi’ah as retribution

  • Some of Abu Bakr’s family members are there in the house, trying to talk to him & get him to regain consciousness. Abu Bakr didn’t wake up for almost a day. He was beaten to unconsciousness
  • After waking up the next day, the first thing Abu Bakr says is, “What happened to the Prophet?”
    • Last thing he sees is his people getting beat up before he blacks out
  • All the leaders of his family were sitting around Abu Bakr & start cursing him, “This guy’s hopeless. He’s a fanatic. He’s crazy. He’s lost it. He almost dies serving Muhammad & he now asks about him.” They leave him after giving his mother some health-related advice, what to give him (food/medicine).

— Ummu Khair takes some food to her son. Abu Bakr asks, “What happened to Muhammad?”

  • Ummu Khair replies, “Wallahi, I don’t know what happened to your friend. I’m just an old woman worried about her son. Let me take care of you.”
  • Abu Bakr said, “Go to Ummu Jamil, she’ll know.”
    • Ummu Jamil is the sister of Umar bin Al-Khattab (ra). She & her husband were early converts to Islam

— Ummu Khair realizes that Abu Bakr is not going to let her take care of him until he finds out about Muhammad. So Ummu Khair goes to Ummu Jamil & asks about Muhammad

  • Ummu Khair asks, “What can you tell me about the Prophet? My son Abu Bakr sent me to ask you about Muhammad”
  • Ummu Jamil replies, “I don’t know Abu Bakr & I don’t know Muhammad.”
    • She lies initially to protect her faith

— Ummu Khair understands what’s going on here, so she asks Ummu Jamil to visit her son as he’s recovering

  • Ummu Jamil goes to Abu Bakr. When she sees him in his bloodied state, Ummu Jamil screams, “Who are the people who did this to you? I hope that Allah takes revenge on your behalf of those people.”
  • Abu Bakr responds, “What happened to the Prophet?”
  • Ummu Jamil says, “Your mother’s listening.”
  • Abu Bakr: “You don’t have to worry about her.”
  • Ummu Jamil: “The Prophet is fine. He’s safe.”
  • Abu Bakr: “Where is he?”
  • Ummu Jamil: “He’s in the house of Arqam.”
  • Abu Bakr then says to the chagrin of his mother, “I swear to Allah that I will not taste anything or drink a sip of water until I see the Prophet myself.”

— Ummu Jamil & Ummu Khair wait until the evening before they leave for where the Prophet was staying. Abu Bakr leans on them both as they walk to Arqam’s house

  • When Prophet sees Abu Bakr walk through the door, the Prophet went & embraced his right-hand man. The Prophet kissed Abu Bakr’s forehead, with tears in his eyes. The Prophet teared up & became very emotional upon seeing the condition of Abu Bakr
  • Abu Bakr said, “Oh Messenger of Allah may my father & mother be sacrificed for you. I don’t care what some wretched man does to my face, as long as I see you & you’re okay. [Abu Bakr establishes his imaan & love for the Prophet first. He got what he wanted, to see that the Prophet was safe. Now look at the 2nd thing on his mind]. Oh Messenger of Allah, this is my mother. She’s a good mother. She took care of her son. She doesn’t understand why her son believes this & why he makes these sacrifices & why he’s desperate to see you. But she took care of her son & did right by her son. She has a clean heart. You are blessed, o Rasulillah. Please call her to Allah, & make dua on her behalf to Allah to put Islam in her heart. I hope that she will be saved from the Fire by means of you, O Messenger of Allah.”
    • So the Prophet makes dua for her guidance & called her to Islam. Ummu Khair, the mother of Abu Bakr, accepted Islam

— No sacrifice goes unrewarded. Abu Bakr went out to preach to the people, & got beat up for it. Whether the people listened or not, what could be more pleasing to someone than their own mother accepting Islam?

  • Abu Bakr & Ummu Khair stayed for a whole month in the house of Arqam. There were 39 people in the house at the time

— Amr ibn Abasah (ra) met with the Prophet in the early days of his Prophethood. In those days, the Prophet was still keeping quiet about Islam

  • Amr asked the Prophet, “Who are you?”
  • The Prophet replied, “I am a Prophet.”
  • Amr: “What is a Prophet?”
  • The Prophet: “I am a Messenger of God.”
  • Amr: “Did Allah send you?”
  • The Prophet: “Yes.”
  • Amr: “What did Allah send you with?”
  • The Prophet: “That you worship Allah alone & you don’t associate any partners with Him, & that you break your idols. That you keep good relations with your family members.”
  • Amr: “This is very beautiful what God has sent you with. Who is with you in this message?”
  • The Prophet: “The free & the slave.”
    • When Amr was having this conversation with the Prophet, standing on either side of the Prophet was Abu Bakr & Bilal
  • Amr accepted Islam. He was one of the early converts

— Abdullah bin Mas’ud (ra)

  • The Sahaba would say that Abdullah bin Mas’ud was from Prophet’s family. Because he enter and leave the prophet’s house like he lives there.
    • When the ayah “Seek permission before you enter home of Prophet” was revealed, & the Prophet shares this ayah with his Sahaba, the Prophet looked at Abdullah & tells him, “The way you seek permission to enter my home is that you lift up the curtain & walk right in”
    • The Prophet told Abdullah, “When one of your legs is weighed on the Day of Judgment, it will be heavier than the 7 heavens and the 7 earths”
  • All of the knowledge of the Sahaba used to end in Abdullah bin Mas’ud
    • The Prophet said, “Anything you hear from Abdullah, know that it came from me.”

— Abdullah bin Mas’ud’s story of accepting Islam

  • He was a young boy who was hired by Okba bin Abi Mu’id to watch over his camels that would graze outside Makkah
  • One day the Prophet & Abu Bakr came & saw Abdullah & asked, “Young man, do you have some milk to share with us?”
  • Abdullah replied, “I’m in a position of trust. I have these camels, but these don’t belong to me. Therefore I can’t serve you anything.”
  • The Prophet asked, “Are there any camels here that aren’t a part of the herd?”
  • Abdullah said, “Yeah, there are some camels that don’t belong to the herd I’m watching over.”
    • The Prophet found a young she-camel who had not been joined with a male camel yet, meaning she hadn’t been used for breeding, so she didn’t have milk. The Prophet touched the she-camel & Abdullah recalls, “Wallahi, the udders of the camel became full before my eyes.”
    • Abu Bakr found a curved stone, cleaned it out, & milked the camel into the stone. Once he milked the camel, the Prophet placed a hand on the she-camel and says “Iqlis” – recede, recede back
    • The udders then literally went back in in front of Abdullah’s eyes
  • The Prophet calls Abdullah, all 3 drank milk out of that rock. Before they drank, the Prophet said Bismillah, and when they were done, he said Alhamdulillah
    • Abdullah said, “Teach me these beautiful words.”
    • The Prophet said, “You are a very knowledgeable young man.” This was foretelling before even Abdullah accepted Islam
  • Abdullah accepted Islam & he was one of the original Hufadh; he had his own handwritten manuscript of the Qur’an
    • At the time he was narrating this story, Abdullah had directly received 70 surahs from the Prophet before anyone else, and also memorized those 70 surahs. He was the first hafidh of the 70 surahs

 

Link to the next episode

http://www.qalaminstitute.org/2013/01/seerah-life-of-the-prophet-a-community-in-the-making-some-of-the-early-companions-ra/