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Seerah episode 27: Read. The First Revelation June 19, 2014

Filed under: Seerah — visitor74 @ 12:53 am

— For 600+ years, the doors of revelation were closed

— Up until the point Muhammad received Prophethood, he lived a full life, buidling a home & working

  • He matured into a very intelligent & successful businessman. He married a great woman & was raising their kids
  • At this point his attention turned towards his society. This caused him to seek out isolation for periods of time to meditate & reflect on life at the Cave of Hira

— His habit of going & isolating himself in the cave was during the month of Ramadan

  • The established Sunnah of isolating oneself in the masjid during Ramadan began here
  • He found peace & tranquility in the cave. This was all preparing him to be able to receive divine revelation

— Badlul Wahi (The Beginning of Revelation)

  • Imam Bukhari mentions a narration, that Aisha narrated, “The very first thing that began with Prophet receiving revelation, was that he started to receive ‘true dreams’ – dreams that would materialize & come true in the morning.”
    • These dreams happened frequently. He saw both big & little things come true
  • He had also seen in a dream that an angel came & recited the word of Allah to him

— What’s the purpose of dreams?

  • Dreams are a form of divine revelation (e.g. Ibrahim being ordered to sacrifice his most precious possession)
  • Allah wanted the Prophet to learn to trust his heart, to not be frightened, to not doubt at any level the visions that were occurring to him
    • So that the Prophet would become internally focused, & that he would trust what is in his heart
    • After a while, Muhammad learned to trust
  • In sleep, he would see dreams that would come to fruition. As true as the morning is, so were the dreams

— Muhammad would seek out isolation in the Cave of Hira

  • At-tahannuth comes from al-hanathu, which means to “break or violate an oath”
    • At-tahannuth means to depart from something, to pull/draw away from something
    • Muhammad was drawing away from the corruption, the shirk, the idol-worshipping. It’s like when you are washing something that fallen into dirt, you have to take out the dirt. You can’t just pour water to the dirt to wash the thing.
  • This is how Muhammad (unknowingly) prepared himself physically, spiritually, & emotionally to receive divine revelation. To be able to receive divine revelation, take yourself out of the bad surroundings
  • He would spend many nights in the Cave of Hira before returning to his family

— Haqq means “stable”, something has a stable foundation

  • When Allah refers to the Qur’an and Islam as “haqq”, He means that it has a stable foundation
  • Prophet came with foundation of Islam

— The angel Jibril came to Muhammad with the divine revelation, and said, “Iqra. Read.”

  • The Prophet said, “I am not a reader.” This is explained in 2 ways
    • He was unlettered, meaning he did not know how to read & write
    • The Prophet was expressing his sentiment, “What do you mean, read? What are you talking about?” What do you want me to read?
  • Jibril completely smothered/embraced tightly Muhammad. The angel held on to the Prophet until “I had lost all my energy from trying to resist.”
    • Jibril released the Prophet
    • Jibril again said, “Read.” The Prophet replied, “I don’t read.”
  • Jibril then again embraced the Prophet tightly, until the Prophet could not resist anymore and Jibril released him again.
    • The angel said, “Read.” The Prophet replied for the 3rd time, “I don’t read.”
    • Again, the angel embraced the Prophet tightly for a long time before releasing him again

— This whole physical interaction was part of the preparation of receiving divine revelation

  • Rituals in Islam involved exertion. For example, Hajj is as much a spiritual activity as it is a physical activity. Both the spiritual & physical interact in a person’s imaan

— The Prophet would sometimes pray at the Haram. He couldn’t openly preach yet, but because of his uncle Abu Talib’s protection, the Prophet could at least pray at the Haram

  • Umar bin al-Khattab, who had not accepted Islam yet, once saw the Prophet praying, so he got close enough to the Prophet to hear what he was saying
  • The Prophet was reciting Surat Al-Haqqah. Umar heard the Prophet recite ayah, “Indeed, the Qur’an is the word of a noble Messenger” (Surat Al-Haqqah, 69:40)
    •  When Umar heard that ayah, he thought to himself, “No, it’s not! Get out of here. It’s just a bunch of poetry.”
  • Then the Prophet recited the next ayah, “And it is not the word of a poet; little do you believe” (Surat Al-Haqqah, 69:41)
    • That was like a slap in the face for Umar, who did not expect that. He thought to himself, “How did he know what I was thinking?! Oh, I know what’s up. He’s a soothsayer. He’s a magician. He’s spooky.”
  • Then the Prophet recited the next ayah, “Nor [is it] the word of a soothsayer; little do you remember” (Surat Al-Haqqah, 69:42)
    • Then Umar was even more surprised. He thought to himself, “This is not poetry. And it’s not magic stuff. So what could it be?”
  • Then the Prophet recited the next ayah, “It is a revelation from the Lord of the worlds.”
    • At this point, Umar just turned around & walked away, thinking, “You best forget about this.”

— This is the second time that Umar was faced with the truth of Islam, but he walked away from it

  • The first time was when Umar stumbled into a monastery in his drunken stupor & fell asleep there. He woke up when he heard a bunch of idol-worshippers sacrifice a goat. They were about to take the innards out of the goat to offer to the idol, when a voice from within the dead goat started reciting the Shahadah
  • Umar thought he was seeing things, so he turned around & fell back to sleep again

— Umar finally accepts Islam when faced with the Truth the 3rd time

  • He barges into his sister’s home to assassinate the Prophet. He picks up the Qur’an, & he reads the ayah of Surah Ta’ha, when that finally got to him. Umar needed to be ‘broken into’ spiritually before he could accept Islam, which is the same thing that happened to the Prophet when Jibril embraced the Prophet tightly before he could receive divine revelation

— The scholars say that you need to experience pressure & then be broken into. The third thing is to allow yourself some breathing room (which is why Jibril would release the Prophet momentarily before telling the Messenger to read again). For prophet, Allah gave the short cut version of the pressure. So that they are prepared quickly and strongly.

  • Now the Prophet is at the peak of his spiritual condition
  • It is at this point Jibril gives the Prophet his first revelation, Surat Al-Alaq
    • “Recite, in the name of your Lord who created. Created man out of a clot of congealed blood. Recite and your Lord is the most Generous. Who taught by the pen. Taught man that which he knew not” (Surat Al-Alaq, 96:1-5)

Link to the next episode

http://www.qalaminstitute.org/2012/09/seerah-life-of-the-prophet-read-the-first-revelation/#.Ux3hdPldWSo

 

Seerah episode 26: The Cave of Hira

Filed under: Seerah — visitor74 @ 12:45 am

— Performing Salah requires preparation – a warm-up. You don’t just dive into prayer

  • Be sure you’re clean & you have wudu
  • Face the Qiblah
  • Place a sutra in front of you

— Even the divine revelation experienced by the Prophet (saw) had a warm-up – the rediscovery of the well of Zamzam, Year of the Elephant, the gradual decrease of interaction between the jinn & the soothsayers, etc.

— Shayatin would bring bits of info to the soothsayers.

  • There was a time period when shayatin were delayed in bringing news to the soothsayers. Soothsayers getting nervous because their business is going down the drain.
  • Soothsayer: “What’s up? Where you been? I’ve been sitting here waiting for you.”
  • Shayatin: “A prophet is about to come from these Arabs, and you will call towards Allah, and you will call towards the worship of Allah.”

— This one soothsayer says, “I’m very shocked by what’s going on with these jinn. They’ve lost control of their situation – how all their information has been cut off from them.”

— A lot of these jinn were even leaving for Makkah

  • “We’re going to receive guidance. We’re going there to meet this Prophet.”
  • “We’re going to Safwa bin Hashim to kiss the eyes and head of this Prophet.”
  • Bad jinn are trying to keep their business going. Good jinn are going to Makkah to receive Prophet’s message

— A narration states that a Prophet was approached by a man who came to accept Islam

  • The man is so excited to meet the Prophet. “I was a soothsayer, and I used to be visited by the jinn. For quite some time, I took advantage of this situation, until one day they came to me and told me to go to Makkah and find the final Prophet and accept Islam. Now that I’ve found you, it’s so overwhelming to see you with my own eyes.”
  • Prophet asks him, “Do these jinn still come to talk to you now?”
  • Man says, “Ever since I first recited a line from the Qur’an, the shayatin don’t come to me anymore.” This shows that when we read the Quran, the syaitan won’t come to you.

— From the age of 25-35, we don’t have a lot of narrations of the Muhammad’s life. Why is this so?

  • Being the ultimate role model, his main achievement at this time was establishing a home & a family
  • It’s not an empty part in the seerah – we can’t say “nothing happened” during this time just because it wasn’t documented
    • He invested time into his family & building a home at that time

— Muhammad ventures a bit outside of Makkah to clear his head from daily life

  • While walking around, he goes up into the mountains & the hills (like a hike)
    • He goes to the hills to the Jabbal Noor
  • He climbs on one mountain (treacherous) and climbs off the other side. Because you can’t go straight there. You have to climb from the other side.
  • He sees a cave with a small opening, & it has barely enough room for 2 people
    • The cave has two openings: one of the openings is big enough for a person to enter, and the other opening is very small, just big enough to let in a breeze
    • On the side of the small opening, there are some big rocks, so it gives a feel of being in a private room
  • When Muhammad sits at the opening of the cave and he looks out, he can see Baytullah in the distance. He had very sharp vision

— The first occasion when Muhammad meditated  (tahannuth – isolation) was during the month of Ramadan – 2 years before the first revelation

  • He packed some food & went to the Cave of Hira. Some scholars say that Muhammad stayed in the cave for the entire month, & some say that he stayed part of the month, until his supplies were exhausted

Link to the next episode

http://www.qalaminstitute.org/2012/09/seerah-life-of-the-prophet-the-cave-of-hira/#.Uxu9EPldWSo

 

Seerah episode 25: Salman al-Farsi, Amr bin Murrah al-Juhani & Prophecies About the Coming of Revelation

Filed under: Seerah — visitor74 @ 12:37 am

— Salman al-Farsi met the Prophet, but he still remained a slave

  • He missed the Battle of Badr & Battle of Uhud, since he had no free will of his own
  • He was very close to the Prophet, who missed Salman at both battles

— The Prophet said to  Salman, “Buy your freedom.”

  • Prophet asked Salman to proceed with Kitabah al Muqataba, which was a contract between slave & owner – owner set a price, slave would pay it off to buy his freedom
  • Salman: “O Messenger of Allah, I have no money. How would I pay it off?”
  • Muhammad: “Don’t worry, you got this.”

— Salman goes to his owner, who agreed to set Salman free on several conditions

  • His owner said, “You will plant me 150 (some narrations say 300) date plants (palm trees) AND I want 40 grams of gold.”
  • Salman tried to negotiate it down to silver, but the owner wanted gold

— Salman told the terms to the Prophet

  • Prophet makes an announcement to his Sahaba, “Help your brother, Salman.”
  • Prophet instilled this attitude of brotherhood between the sahabah.
    • “You’re all Arabs. He’s Persian. You’re all free. He’s a slave. But help your brother. He’s one of you.”

— The Sahaba helped Salman by bringing in date trees. They dug up their own date palms/trees & people would bring in 1, 5, 15 and 20 date palms

  • Eventually it totaled to 300 date seeds
  • Prophet told them, “Once you’ve gathered all the date trees together, prepare the soil, but don’t plant them. Call for me when you’re done.”

— Sahaba prepared the field. The Prophet was called

  • The Prophet would make a row & plant all the date trees all by himself, one by one
  • Salman: “This way, the Prophet planted all 300 date trees for me with his own blessed hands.”

— Salman’s owner specifically asked for this payment because to uproot a tree & planting it in a different place was a risky project – the tree would die in majority of cases

  • So the Prophet personally planted the trees because of his blessed status as a Messenger
  • Because of the Prophet planting the trees personally, all 300 trees flourished – none died

— Deal was still not done to free Salman

  • This tree-planting was a major project. The entire community took part in Salman’s freedom
  • “Where am I going to get 40 grams of gold?”
  • Prophet had just recently, out of nowhere (but divinely), received a gift from someone
    • Someone had found a gold mine. They chipped out a big block of gold
    • The person wrapped it & brought it to Prophet as a gift
  • Prophet gives the gift to Salman

— Salman: “But how much more can I afford to owe people? How do I repay you? I already owe the whole community.”

  • The Prophet said, “Don’t worry about it. Allah will pay me back”

— Salman weighed it the big block of gold. He didn’t know how much it was; he just took it to his owner & handed it to him.

  • The owner weighed the gold. Salman narrated, “Wallahi, it was exactly 40 grams of gold.”
  • From that day on, Salman was a free man.

— The first battle Salman took part in is Ghazwah al-Khandaq (Battle of the Trench, aka Battle of the Confederates)

  • Salman offered the strategy of the battle – digging of the trench
  • The Prophet agreed to this strategy, & the Sahaba dug the trench

— The Prophet split his warriors into groups (by tribe & family) of ten to dig the 40 meters of trench. The Prophet split them into groups by family because that group will have cohesiveness & familiarity; they know each other’s strengths & weaknesses

  • The odd man out is Salman, since he belongs to no family or tribe with the Arabs (He’s from Persia)
  • The Muhajeroon & the Ansar start to argue. They both want the man on their own team.
    • The Muhajeroon (The Emigrants) were the Makkan Muslims who followed the Prophet on his Hijra
    • The Ansar (The Helpers) were the Medinan Muslims; they belonged to two main tribes, Banu Khazraj and Banu Aus
  • Both groups want Salman on their own team
    • The Muhajeroon argue, “Salman belongs to us, the Muhajeroon! He’s not originally from here. He migrated for the sake of the truth, like we did. He’s from us!”
    • The Ansar argue, “No, Salman is from us! He came to Medina long before the Prophet & Islam. He has lived here, worked here, and accepted Islam here in Medina, so he’s a naturalized Ansari.”

— This matter got heated enough to take it to Prophet

  • The Sahaba had a lot of adaab and aqlakh, so they wouldn’t take every little dispute to the Prophet
    • The Prophet said, “He’s not with you (the Muhajeroon). He’s not with you (the Ansar) either. Salman is going to dig the trench with my family.”

 

— Amr Bin Murrah al-Juhani was a very respected member of his community. He was among the Jahiliyah (the idol-worshippers).

  • It was the season of hajj (pre-Islamic times, so it was a perverse form of hajj)
    • “I was sleeping at night and we were in Makkah. All of a sudden I woke up and I saw this noor shooting out of the Ka’bah and it was going to the mountains. I became startled when I heard a voice from that noor, ‘Darknesses are about to be removed. The light is about to illuminate the earth. The final seal of the Prophet is about to be sent.’”
    • A few nights later, the light was shining again. A voice said, ‘Islam has become apparent. Idols have been broken. Relationships have been rejoined.’ “
  • Amr went to tell his people of what he’d seen, but nobody believed him

— He came across a monk. Amr told the monk what he’d seen. The monk said, “This is a man who will be named Ahmad. He will be sent as a Prophet.”

  • Years later, Amr came to Makkah and heard people talking about a man who claimed to be a Prophet
  • Amr sought out that man & sat down with the Prophet & told him everything he’d seen.
    • The Prophet said, “O Amr, I am that same man you’re talking about. I am a Prophet of Allah. I’ve been sent to the people. I call them to Islam. I ordered them to respect the sanctity of people’s blood. I tell them to join relationships. I tell them to worship God alone. I tell them to leave all the idols that they worship. I tell them to respect the Bayt of Allah. I tell them to fast in the month of Ramadan. Whoever will accept this call, for him will be Paradise. Whoever will disagree with it, for him will be Hellfire. Believe in Allah, & he will protect you from the Fire.”
  • Amr right then and there took the Shahadah

— Amr went back to his people, who were very attached to their idols. His own father used to look after these idols

  • Amr broke those idols; as he was breaking them, he was reciting Shahadah & reaffirming his faith in Allah
    • “I bear witness that Allah is the Truth while I am the first one to leave these idols made of stone. I am lifting off my clothes, and running towards Allah, and answering the call of Allah even if it means that I will be in poverty or adversity. I want to go and keep company of the Prophet personally. I want him to be my mentor and teach me everything he knows, because he is the messenger of all humanity. I have chosen this path over all other paths in life.”

— Amr returns to the Prophet & tells him, “O Messenger of Allah, teach me about my deen & send me back to my people because I would like to preach & deliver the message that I have gotten from you to them. Like Allah illuminated my life through you, I want to be the means of that illumination to the hearts of my people.”

  • The Prophet advises to Amr, “Be very soft & gentle. Be very straightforward & respectful & honest when speaking to your people. Don’t be harsh & arrogant to them. Don’t be jealous of them. Practice dignity & respect when you preach to your people.”

— So Amr went back & preached to his people. All of his people accepted Islam except for one man

  • Amr doesn’t recall anything specific about that one man; he just sticks out as “that one guy”
  • Amr then gathered all of his people & took them to meet the Prophet, who met each & every single one of them individually

— Umar ibn al-Khattab was the 2nd khalifah at the time. A man from Banu Dhuray walked into the masjid & saw Umar. The man said salaam to Umar, & asked, “Are you Muslim now?”

  • Umar confirms yes, & then asks the man, “Did you use to be a soothsayer back in the day?”
  • The man got offended. He said, “O Amir, since I’ve accepted Islam, nobody has ever brought that up. Why would you bring that up? I’m not proud of it.”
  • Umar says, “No, wallahi, my intention was not to expose you or make you feel bad. I apologize. I’m asking for a reason. I remember you, because I remember seeing you back in the jahiliya days.”
    • “I was just drunk & walking around, doing what I used to do. I laid down on a place where they worship idols & I just passed out there. I had just woken up & had a huge headache. I was just laying there in the corner, & I saw some of you congregating near the idol. You had brought in a goat to sacrifice to the idol.”
    • “You sacrificed the goat, & you were about to do your whole procedure – staining the idol with the blood of the goat, then ripping the goat open & taking its innards & internal organs & putting it on the feet of the idol. The goat was dead, its body was split open. You were just about to take its heart out when a voice started to come out of that dead goat you had just killed. It was terrifying.”
    • “The dead goat started to say, ‘Ya Bani Dhuray. O people of Dhuray. The man has started to call (something serious has happened). A new word has come. La ilaha illallah.’”
    • “When I saw that, I was like, ‘Oh my God.’ So I just went back to sleep. I thought it was a terrible nightmare so I went back to sleep.”
    • “That’s why I asked you if you were a soothsayer. Do you remember that day?”
  • The man said, “Umar, I remember that. It was the most unbelievable thing that happened to me. I lived with that memory until the day came that I heard about Muhammad (saw). I came to Muhammad & I accepted Islam.”

— A man approached the Prophet. They talked with each other a bit. The man came very close to the Prophet & whispered in his ear, until the Prophet got very excited at something the man had said. Sometimes the prophet did this so that people can share what they have learnt.

  • The Prophet told the man, “Tell everyone what you just told me.”
  • The man said, “I am a soothsayer. The way we do business is by interacting with the jinn, who tell us bits of information from the heavens. We use that information to corrupt the faith of the people. I had been waiting for a shayatin to come & speak to me. When the shaytan came to me yesterday, he said to me, ‘Have you seen the jinn & how hopeless they have become? How their world has turned upside down? The people are abandoning them. The jinn have become hopeless in continuing this business.’ I asked the shaytan what he is talking about. The jinn told me, ‘The times are changing, & we can no longer get the same information that we used to get.’”

— The world was starting to change, because the doors of revelation were opening after 600 years.

Link to the next episode

 

http://www.qalaminstitute.org/2012/09/seerah-life-of-the-prophet-salman-al-farsi-amr-bin-murrah-al-juhani-prophecies-about-the-coming-of-revelation/#.UxJyavldWSo

 

Seerah episode 24: The Approach of Revelation June 16, 2014

Filed under: Seerah — visitor74 @ 7:25 pm

— Muhammad (saw) is the Seal of the Prophethood, the seal of divine revelation

  • The Prophet mentions the large gap of divine revelation between Isa (as) and Muhammad (saw) – more than 6 centuries between these two prophets

— In the 2 years before receiving his first divine revelation, Muhammad developed the habit of spending more & more time in the cave of Hira to meditate (initially for a few hours and then turned to days and to weeks – his meditation kept getting longer and longer)

  • Khadijah would pack food & take it up to him when she figured that his provisions had run out

— The more knowledgeable of the Ahlul Kitab knew of the coming of the new Prophet; they had observed & knew of several signs of his arrival

  • If such signs were written about centuries ago about the coming of the Prophet, then why did the people of Makkah dismiss Muhammad when he claimed to be the Messenger of Allah? Why didn’t more people accept Islam?
  • Some of the scholars of the Scripture knew of the prophecies of the arrival of the new Messenger, but such individuals were very few in number – perhaps just a handful only
    • They did not actively talk about these prophecies
    • If they did, they tended to be written off as crazy people; the general mass public did not believe these scholars about a new prophet
    • These scholars also were reclusive in nature, biding their time for the Prophet’s arrival so they can go to him & accept his Message

— Many rabbis from amongst the Jews & priests among the Christians had this knowledge that the Prophet of the Last Time was soon to receive his revelation

  • Surat Al-A’raf, 7:157
الَّذِينَ يَتَّبِعُونَ الرَّسُولَ النَّبِيَّ الْأُمِّيَّ الَّذِي يَجِدُونَهُ مَكْتُوبًا عِنْدَهُمْ فِي التَّوْرَاةِ وَالْإِنْجِيلِ يَأْمُرُهُمْ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَيَنْهَاهُمْ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ وَيُحِلُّ لَهُمُ الطَّيِّبَاتِ وَيُحَرِّمُ عَلَيْهِمُ الْخَبَائِثَ وَيَضَعُ عَنْهُمْ إِصْرَهُمْ وَالْأَغْلَالَ الَّتِي كَانَتْ عَلَيْهِمْ ۚ فَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا بِهِ وَعَزَّرُوهُ وَنَصَرُوهُ وَاتَّبَعُوا النُّورَ الَّذِي أُنْزِلَ مَعَهُ ۙ أُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ
  • Those who follow the Messenger, the unlettered prophet, whom they find written in what they have of the Torah and the Gospel, who enjoins upon them what is right and forbids them what is wrong and makes lawful for them the good things and prohibits for them the evil and relieves them of their burden and the shackles which were upon them. So they who have believed in him, honored him, supported him and followed the light which was sent down with him – it is those who will be the successful.
  • Surat As-Saf, 61:6
وَإِذْ قَالَ عِيسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ يَا بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ إِنِّي رَسُولُ اللَّهِ إِلَيْكُمْ مُصَدِّقًا لِمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيَّ مِنَ التَّوْرَاةِ وَمُبَشِّرًا بِرَسُولٍ يَأْتِي مِنْ بَعْدِي اسْمُهُ أَحْمَدُ ۖ فَلَمَّا جَاءَهُمْ بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ قَالُوا هَٰذَا سِحْرٌ مُبِينٌ
  • And [mention] when Jesus, the son of Mary, said, “O children of Israel, indeed I am the messenger of Allah to you confirming what came before me of the Torah and bringing good tidings of a messenger to come after me, whose name is Ahmad.” But when he came to them with clear evidences, they said, “This is obvious magic.” (Surat As-Saf, 61:6)
  • The Prophet was called Ahmad by his mother Aminah & his milkmother Baraqah (aka Ummu Aymen). Ummu Aymen stil continues to call him by that name.
  • Surat Al-Fath, 48:29
مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ۚ وَالَّذِينَ مَعَهُ أَشِدَّاءُ عَلَى الْكُفَّارِ رُحَمَاءُ بَيْنَهُمْ ۖ تَرَاهُمْ رُكَّعًا سُجَّدًا يَبْتَغُونَ فَضْلًا مِنَ اللَّهِ وَرِضْوَانًا ۖ سِيمَاهُمْ فِي وُجُوهِهِمْ مِنْ أَثَرِ السُّجُودِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ مَثَلُهُمْ فِي التَّوْرَاةِ ۚ وَمَثَلُهُمْ فِي الْإِنْجِيلِ كَزَرْعٍ أَخْرَجَ شَطْأَهُ فَآزَرَهُ فَاسْتَغْلَظَ فَاسْتَوَىٰ عَلَىٰ سُوقِهِ يُعْجِبُ الزُّرَّاعَ لِيَغِيظَ بِهِمُ الْكُفَّارَ ۗ وَعَدَ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ مِنْهُمْ مَغْفِرَةً وَأَجْرًا عَظِيمًا
  • Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah; and those with him are forceful against the disbelievers, merciful among themselves. You see them bowing and prostrating [in prayer], seeking bounty from Allah and [His] pleasure. Their mark is on their faces from the trace of prostration. That is their description in the Torah. And their description in the Gospel is as a plant which produces its offshoots and strengthens them so they grow firm and stand upon their stalks, delighting the sowers – so that Allah may enrage by them the disbelievers. Allah has promised those who believe and do righteous deeds among them forgiveness and a great reward.
  • Surat Ali-Imran, 3:81
وَإِذْ أَخَذَ اللَّهُ مِيثَاقَ النَّبِيِّينَ لَمَا آتَيْتُكُمْ مِنْ كِتَابٍ وَحِكْمَةٍ ثُمَّ جَاءَكُمْ رَسُولٌ مُصَدِّقٌ لِمَا مَعَكُمْ لَتُؤْمِنُنَّ بِهِ وَلَتَنْصُرُنَّهُ ۚ قَالَ أَأَقْرَرْتُمْ وَأَخَذْتُمْ عَلَىٰ ذَٰلِكُمْ إِصْرِي ۖ قَالُوا أَقْرَرْنَا ۚ قَالَ فَاشْهَدُوا وَأَنَا مَعَكُمْ مِنَ الشَّاهِدِينَ
  • And [recall, O People of the Scripture], when Allah took the covenant of the prophets, [saying], “Whatever I give you of the Scripture and wisdom and then there comes to you a messenger confirming what is with you, you [must] believe in him and support him.” [ Allah ] said, “Have you acknowledged and taken upon that My commitment?” They said, “We have acknowledged it.” He said, “Then bear witness, and I am with you among the witnesses.”
  • Ibn Abbas (ra) narrates, “Whenever Allah sent a prophet, He took a covenant for him. If Muhammad would be sent after that prophet, they would have to believe in Muhammad & aid Muhammad.”
  • After Ibrahim (as) finished building the Ka’bah, he made du’a – Surat Al-Baqarah, 2:129
رَبَّنَا وَابْعَثْ فِيهِمْ رَسُولًا مِنْهُمْ يَتْلُو عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتِكَ وَيُعَلِّمُهُمُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَيُزَكِّيهِمْ ۚ إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ
  • Our Lord, and send among them a messenger from themselves who will recite to them Your verses and teach them the Book and wisdom and purify them. Indeed, You are the Exalted in Might, the Wise

 

— Muhammad was made a Prophet long before mankind even existed

  • Abu Umama (ra) asked the Prophet, “O Messenger of Allah, how did your affair begin? How did your story begin?”
    • The Prophet responds, “I am the du’a of my forefather Ibrahim (as). I am the good news that Isa (as) delivered. My mother saw a light, a noor, illuminated from her, and it illuminated the palaces of Bilad As-Sham.”
  • The Prophet said, “I am the slave of Allah. I am the seal of all the prophets. Adam (as) was in between water & clay (in the process of formation) when I was appointed as the Prophet of Allah.”
    • The Prophet also mentioned that all the women who gave birth to Allah’s Prophets throughout time would have the same dream that the Prophet’s mother Aminah had seen, that they were about to give birth to a very special person
  • Maysara al-Fajr asked the Prophet, “When were you given Prophethood?”
    • The Prophet said, “I was made a prophet when Adam was in between being just a soul & in between his body (before Adam’s soul was breathed into his body).”
  • Abu Huraira asked the Prophet, “When was Prophethood decreed to you?”
    • The Prophet replied, “Between the time Adam was formed into his physical form & before his soul was in his body.”
  • All of the Prophets before Muhammad all foretold their followers about the Last Prophet, Muhammad

— Some of the kuhhan (soothsayers) became a bit curious. They started to feel that something was up. Allah’s message was not just for mankind, but also for jinn

  • Some of the bad jinn (shayatin) would try to eavesdrop on the angels in the heavens. They would bring in news from the heavens to the earth to the soothsayers
    • The soothsayers would use the little bit of information they’d get from the shayatin & deceive people. They would mix the true information gathered from the sky and add deception into the info.
  • As the time of Revelation of the Qur’an approached, the shayatin were not bringing in as much information to the soothsayers as much as they used to
  • Astrologers who would study the position of the stars observed more shooting stars in the sky
    • The angels would launch shooting stars at the jinn to drive them out of the heavens so that they cannot eavesdrop the information.

— There was a Jewish man named Abu Hayaban, who was from Bilad Al Shaam (modern day Syria) & had a lot of knowledge of the ancient Scripture

  •  He moved to the city of Yathrib. As-Sham was a lot nicer area, but Abu Hayaban took up residence in Yathrib
    • He was reclusive in nature, so the other Jews in Yathrib left him alone mostly
  • The primary standard of living in Yathrib was farming. Yathrib at the time was going through a huge drought.
    • People would ask Abu Hayaban to pray for rain. No sooner did he pray that it would start to rain, so people realized that there’s something special about Abu Hayaban

— When he was approaching death, Abu Hayaban called some people over

  • He asked, “Doesn’t it make your curious why I would leave the beautiful hills & wonderful weather of As-Sham & come to live here in the desert of your terrible city?”
    • Yathrib wasn’t a desirable place to live compared to Bilad al Shaam. It didn’t rain there, & the weather was awful
  • Abu Hayaban: “Why would I come here to live? It’s a horrible place. Aren’t you curious why I came here, especially in my old age?”
    • “I came because I read in the scriptures about the coming of a prophet. The prophet will migrate here, so I hoped to Allah to live to see the day he’d come. And I would follow him, believe him. I would place my hands in his hands. But alas, I’m dying & the day hasn’t come. So if you live to that day, make sure you follow him & believe him.”
  • Surat Al-Baqarah, 2:89
وَلَمَّا جَاءَهُمْ كِتَابٌ مِنْ عِنْدِ اللَّهِ مُصَدِّقٌ لِمَا مَعَهُمْ وَكَانُوا مِنْ قَبْلُ يَسْتَفْتِحُونَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا فَلَمَّا جَاءَهُمْ مَا عَرَفُوا كَفَرُوا بِهِ ۚ فَلَعْنَةُ اللَّهِ عَلَى الْكَافِرِينَ
  • And when there came to them a Book from Allah confirming that which was with them – although before they used to pray for victory against those who disbelieved – but [then] when there came to them that which they recognized, they disbelieved in it; so the curse of Allah will be upon the disbelievers
  • They actually knew that there will be a prophet raised. But when Muhammad was raised, they didn’t believe in him just because he was not from the Jews.

— Ibn Abbas mentions that the Yahud who lived in Khaybar were at war with tribes of Ghadfaan

  • They’d make du’a whenever they’d meet the Ghadfaan in the battlefield. “Oh Allah, We ask you to grant us victory.” The Yahud would win whenever they made du’a like this
  • The tribes of Ghadfaan were told of the Prophet’s coming, but they disbelieved in him

— Salmat, a Badri Sahabi (who’s from Ansar, Yathrib) had a neighbor who was Jewish & belonged to the tribe of Banu Abdul Ash-ha

  • The Jewish man, named Yushaa (after the Prophet) came out of his home & he sat down next to Salmat with his family on the porch, who was a young boy at the time
    • Yushaa told them about the Hereafter, Day of Judgment, Scale of Deeds, Paradise, Hellfire
    • He was saying all of that to the Mushrikoon, the idol worshippers, who didn’t believe any of that
  • The family said, “What’s wrong with you? You actually believe there’s a hereafter?”
    • Yushaa said, “Yes, I do! I swear by Allah.”
  • The family said, “What sign do you have of this? Why should we believe you?”
    • “There’s a prophet who’s about to come from this region,” Yushaa said as he pointed in the direction of Makkah
  • The family asked, “What can you tell us about him?”
    • Yushaa looked at Salmat, a young boy. “If this boy continues to live, he will see him.”
  • Salmat says, “Some time passed. Finally that day came. When Allah sent the Prophet (when Prophethood was bestowed), the Jewish neighbor of ours was still alive. And we believed in Muhammad, and that neighbor did not believe in him! Out of jealousy, hatred, or rebellion. Because I remembered our conversation all those years ago, I went to him, and asked, ‘Why don’t you believe in the Messenger? Are you the same man who told us about the Prophet?’ The Jewish man said, ‘Yes, I’m that guy. But it wasn’t this guy – I didn’t expect it to be him.’ “
    • Yushaa’s issue was that Muhammad was Arab. Most Jews expected the new prophet to be from one of the Jewish tribes

— Story of Salman al-Farsi conversion to Islam

  • I was from the people of Asbahan, in a town called Hai. My father was the leader/mayor of our town. I was the most beloved thing to my father in the world. Because of that, he was a bit overprotective of me. He’d keep me locked up in the house sometimes. That’s how I was raised. Due to that, I didn’t have much outdoor activity. I just used to worship. I’d also dedicate myself to fire-worship, so much so that it was my responsibility to never let the fire go out.
    • Salman would take cotton balls, roll it up, & keep dropping those balls every hour or so that the fire would keep burning

— My father once said, “Someone owes me money. My hands are tied up. I’m going to give you the task of getting the money. Just get the money & come right back. Don’t get distracted. I don’t like sending you out but I have no other choice.”

  • I pass by a monastery, & I hear them worshipping. I entered the monastery and started watching them. When I saw them praying, I was amazed by it. And I liked what they were doing. That their religion was better than the one I practiced. I stayed with them until evening, and when they finished, I asked them, “Where did you learn this from?”
  • They replied, “From the Syrian region.”

— When I finally went back to my father, I found that he was already out looking for me

  • My father was frantic. “Where were you?! I told you to come straight home after getting the money.”
  • I told my father, “I passed by some people who were worshipping and I stayed with them. What they do is a lot better than we do.”
  • My father ‘frightened’ me. “No, no, no, you’re going to practice the religion of your forefathers, no questions asked.”
    • Then he shackled me and kept me chained in the house. He confined me to my home

— I sent a message to the same people I saw worshipping in the monastery. “If you know of any travelers going to As-Sham, let me know.”

  • Finally some businessmen came from As-Sham, & the people from the monastery sent me a message of their arrival
  • I sent them another message: “The day they go back to As-Sham, send me another message.”

— The day those businessmen were going back to As-Sham, I picked the lock from my chains & ran away from home. I gave them a bit of money and travelled with them to As-Sham.

  • I asked them who is the most knowledgeable & pious man of their town. I was pointed to a man, to whom I asked if I could stay with him &worship with him.
    • The man said, “Sure, but you have to work for me,” which I agreed to

— But I found out that this guy was the most terrible human alive. He’d collect charity under false pretenses and bury it. He’d bury the money behind the church & was hoarding all the money for himself

  • I couldn’t tolerate it anymore. I went to the people & told them that the priest was stealing their money & showed them where all the gold & silver is buried. The people dug up the place & found all the gold buried there behind the church
  • They took the guy & hung him. His body was left there to rot. No one buried him to make an example out of him

— The people of As-Sham found another priest to replace the corrupted one. This man was the most honest & pious person. I stayed with him until his death days. I told him, “I learned so much from you. Tell me of someone who I can go to who’s like you, a good man.”

  • I went to the person whom the good priest recommended & worshipped with him. I stayed with him until he was about to die, & then I told him, “Please direct me to someone who’s like you.”
  • Again I went to another recommended priest. This happened 3 or 4 times with different priests, who would direct me to another priest with whom I would study.

— The last priest I was with was in a place called Ammu-Riyah. I asked him, “Who can I go to?”

  • The priest replied, “There’s no one else I can recommend. You need to go to this specific area – in Hijaaz (Arabia), where they do agriculture & farm. You’ll find people who are mostly idol-worshipping. You need to go & wait there, because the Prophet of the Last Times will be there soon. You’ll need to watch out for the signs of Prophethood – he will accept gifts, but he will not take anything from charity for himself. Between his shoulder blades you’ll see the Seal of Prophethood. Go & wait for him.”

— I stayed with the priest until he died. Then after some time, I met a group of businessmen who were traveling to Arabia. I asked to go with them, and they agreed

  • When we reached a place near Arabia, they did something terrible to me. They chained me up & sold me off as a slave
    • I was sold to a person who lived outside Medina. The man who had bought me sold me to his cousin, who was a  Jew from Banu Quraidhah – Medinan Jew.
    • My new master took me to Medina. I recognized that this was the place I needed to be. Even though I’m in slavery, unjustly, I’m still in the place where I need to be

— One day I was in the trees, doing landscaping work. The man who owned me – one of his cousins came & said, “We might be in some trouble. All those idol-worshipping Arabs are gathering out In Quba’, greeting a man who claims to be a Prophet.”

  • When I heard that, I almost fell out of the tree
  • I got down, and said to my owner, “What’d you say? What’d you say?”
  • My owner slapped me & told me to get back to work

— I waited for some time. Later, I went to Quba’ & saw the Prophet. I scraped whatever money I have and bought some fruits & gave it to the Prophet. “This is Sadaqah. I know you have some poor people with you & this is for them.”

  • I went at a distance and I saw him call some of his Sahabah. He gave all the fruits to the Sahabah. He ate none for himself.
  • I gathered some more pennies. Later when I visited the Prophet, I bought him more fruits. “This is a gift for you. I noticed you didn’t eat any fruits last time, so this is yours, as a gift.”
    • The Prophet took one for himself & gave the rest to his Sahabah.

— Then I left. I came back after a day or two. I greeted him again, & sat behind him. I saw that he was wearing an upper garment & a lower garment.

  • I tried to sit at some angle to catch a sight of the mark of Prophethood
  • The Prophet noticed me acting funny, & he said, “I know what you want to see.”
    • He dropped the upper garment & I could see the Seal of Prophethood on his back.
  • No sooner did I see that, I ran up & hugged the Prophet from behind. I kissed the mark of Prophethood on his back & started to cry
    • “I spent decades. I spent my life searching for you. I tolerated slavery to find you. Now I have found you.”
    • I later accepted Islam

Link to next episode

http://www.qalaminstitute.org/2012/09/seerah-life-of-the-prophet-the-approach-of-revelation/#.Uw6VAPldWSo

 

Seerah episode 23: Placing of the Black Stone & the History of the Ka’bah

Filed under: Seerah — visitor74 @ 1:52 pm

— Renovation project of the Ka’bah took place when Muhammad (saw) was 35 years old. Literally just a few years before he becomes the prophet.

— The people wanted to move the door of the Ka’bah higher from the ground, so you’d need a ladder to get there. It would make it harder for people to get into Kaabah.

  • If someone were to sneak inside the Ka’bah, then you’d be able to see them
  • To do that, Ka’bah walls had to be at least 16 meters tall

— They need a lot of resources, which they didn’t have because they had the restriction of using the purest of the pure materials & funds to reconstruct the Ka’bah

— The original shape of the Ka’bah was that it was straight on 3 sides, & on 1 side it was oval (more rectangular than square). The extra area of the Ka’bah that was extended (like a bit of a half wall) is called the Hateem/al-Hijr

  • Because there wasn’t enough funds, they didn’t fix the hateem – they took a few stones & put it around the boundary to mark the original shape of the Ka’bah

— The original Ka’bah also had two doors, so that when people goes inside Ka’bah, they come inside from one door and out from the other. So, there’s an eastern door and western door.

  • Today, there is only one door, which is on the eastern wall of the Ka’bah
  • There used to be a door on the western wall too
    • Pilgrims would enter though one side & exit out the other – this kept a steady flow of traffic
    • Due to lack or resources, they couldn’t include the door on the western side
      • They also wanted to limit the access to the Ka’bah due to the break-in
      • One door to get in, same door to get out. That means there’s only one door to guard. Remember that there has been break-ins in the Ka’bah before.

— There was another fight between the tribes regarding the placing al-Hajar al-Aswad (the Black Stone) in the proper place

  • The understanding was that the leader of the tribe would be the one to place the Hajar al-Aswad inside the Ka’bah, but which tribe’s leader would have this honor?
  • Things deteriorated very quickly & people started fighting amongst each other
    • “No, our leader will do it.”
    • “No, your leader’s not fit for the honor, our leader will do it.”

— Abu Umaiyya was one of the respected elders of the Quraysh. He was one of the oldest members of the Quraysh

  • Abu Umaiyya said, “Alright, STOP. Everyone be quiet!”
    • Out of some semblance of respect for the older gentleman, everyone got quiet
  • Abu Umaiyya continued, “Look, we’re rebuilding the house of God. So why don’t we leave this matter to God? We’ll pray now to the Raab of the Bayt that He make the next man who enters through that door, be a special person who will put the al-Hajar al-Aswad in the Ka’bah (another narration says he’ll be the mediator as to who will settle this dispute).”
  • Everyone agreed, since there fighting wasn’t getting them anywhere

— The next man who entered Babu Bani Shayba (door of Family of Shayba) was none other than Muhammad – he was there to pay daily respect to Ka’bah

  • When Muhammad walked in through the door, there was an audible sigh of relief from everyone because he was someone who everyone respected. Muhammad is a man of great intelligence & a man of great honor & integrity
    • Someone said, “How great is it that the person who walked through the door was Al-Ameen?”
      • By that time, more people knew Muhammad as “Al-Ameen” than by his own name

— Everyone is smiling, very relieved. They fill in Muhammad on their dispute & their solution method

  • Muhammad removed his own shawl & placed it on the ground. He placed the Black Stone in the middle of the shawl. Other narrations said he asked for a shawl.
  • Then he called for all of the tribal leaders to grab an edge of the shawl & walk it over into the Ka’bah
    • When they were right next to the place of the stone, Muhammad took the stone with his own blessed hands & placed it in the proper place himself

 

Kaabah

— The very first house that was established for the people on the face of the earth was the House of Allah in Makkah

  • Qualities of the Ka’bah
    • Mubarraka – place full of blessings
    • Place of guidance for all of humanity
    • Very clear evident signs there , such as Maqem al Ibrahim
  • Rights of the Ka’bah
    • For the sake of Allah, it’s obligated for people to visit the Ka’bah if they are financially & physically able to do so
  • “Indeed, the first House [of worship] established for mankind was that at Makkah – blessed and guidance for the worlds. In it are clear signs [such as] the standing place of Abraham. And whoever enters it shall be safe. And [due] to Allah from the people is a pilgrimage to the House – for whoever is able to find thereto a way. But whoever disbelieves – then indeed, Allah is free from need of the worlds.” (Surat ali Imran, 3:96-97)

— Abu Dhar (ra) asked the Prophet, “Ya Rasullulah, which masjid was established first?”

  • The Prophet replied, “Masjid al-Haram  (in Makkah)”
  • Abu Dhar asked, “Which was the next one?”
  • The Prophet replied, “Al Masjid al-Aqsa (in Jerusalem)”
  • Abu Dhar asked, “How much time elapsed between these two masjids’ establishments?”
  • The Prophet replied, “40 years”

— The land where the Ka’bah is located is a land that Allah sanctified (made holy) on the day He created the heavens and the earth. It will remain sacred by the sanction of Allah till the Day of Resurrection

— There are several narrations as to exactly when the Ka’bah was first established

  • When Ibrahim raised the foundations of the Bayt with his son Ishmael, as according to the Qur’an
    • However, due to the language of the Qur’an, some scholars say that the foundation was already in place, long before Ibrahim’s birth
    • The Baytallah was already established before the creation of the earth by 2000 years
    • The language of the ayah talks about  the Ka’bah as the originating point of earth, & the earth was stretched out from that originating point
  • Some narrations say that Jibril (as) told Adam & Hawa (as) where the Ka’bah should be (“Build a house for Me”), so that’s where Adam started digging
    • Then Allah commanded Adam to do tawaaf
    • Then Allah told Adam, “You are the first of humanity & this is the first of the Houses of Worship.”
    • Then centuries passed, until Nuh came to visit the Ka’bah. Then centuries passed, until Ibrahim came and raise the foundation of it.”
  • When Adam completed tawaaf, he met with other angels who congratulated him & said, “We did the tawaaf of the Ka’bah 2000 years before you.”

— Urwaat al Zubaid, a student of Aisha, said there’s not a single Prophet who did not do hajj of the Bayt

— Ali bin Abi Talib (Muhammad’s cousin) was asked, “Was the Ka’bah the first house (generally speaking) ever built?”

  • Ali replied, “No, but this is the first house where baraqah & signs of God were put into. This is the first place of worship on earth.”
  • Other narrations say that Ali replied, “No, there were other houses of worship established long before the Ka’bah, but the Ka’bah holds a special distinction because of its status in baraqah & sanctuary”

— Ibrahim was building the Ka’bah with Ishmael until they reached the place where the Hajar al-Aswad (Black Stone) goes

  • They were told by Allah, “Create a place where a stone can fit.”
  • So they create a place, & when the reach that place, Ibrahim tells Ishmael, “Go & find me a stone that can fit here.”
  • When Ishmael comes back with a stone, he finds that al Hajar al-Aswad is already in place of where his stone was supposed to go
    • He asked Ibrahim, “Where did you find this, father?”
    • Ibrahim replied, “Jibril brought this from the sky & placed it here in its proper spot.”

— A long time passed after Ibrahim built the Ka’bah, & the Ka’bah started to fall apart from age

  • Another people who inhabited the area at the time, the Amalika, restored the Ka’bah
  • Then after many centuries, the Ka’bah started to deteriorate again, & the current people of the area, the people of Jurhum, restored the Baytullah
  • More centuries pass. This time the people of Quraysh inhabit the area, & they renovate the deteriorating Ka’bah

— Aisha (ra) narrates that during Fathul Makkah (Conquest of Makkah), the Muslims cleaned out the Ka’bah of idols, & established proper form of worship. It was during that conquest that the Prophet told Aisha of the original construction of the Ka’bah

  • He shared with her the original shape & features of the Ka’bah
  • The Prophet said, “Realize that your people, the Quraysh, didn’t have enough funds to properly restore the Ka’bah as it originally was. That’s why it’s in a slightly different form today. If your people weren’t so new in Islam (they hadn’t had a lot of time to change their ideas & perceptions), then I would have actually done a complete reconstruction of the Ka’bah. I would create an eastern door & western door of the Ka’bah, & I would once again include the hateem in the construction of the Ka’bah.”

— Abdullah bin Zubair was in charge of Makkah (the mas’ul – mayor of Makkah). One of his main teachers was his aunt Aisha (ra)

  • Knowing about the original Ka’bah from his aunt, he decided to fulfill what the Prophet had expressed. He made 2 doors (one in the eastern wall & one in the western wall) for the Ka’bah & included the hateem into the construction of the Ka’bah
  • After this khalifa was killed, the new khalifa orders the Ka’bah to be restored to the way the Quraysh restored it, not knowing that the Ka’bah they were about to renovate was already in its original design as the Prophet had desired
    • One of the doors of the Ka’bah was boarded up & the hateem was removed from the original construction. They completely redo it the Baytullah

— Years later, the khalifa at the time was al-Mansur, who consults with Imam Malik, the Alim of Medina

  • Mansur said, “We have come to realize that there’s this hadith in place, and Abdullah bin Zubair (ra) had done exactly to the Ka’bah what the Prophet had expressed. But then Abdullah bin Marwan came along & re-did everything. Now that we know that the hadith is in place, you’re the big imam, the grand mufti. If you tell me that we should reconstruct the Ka’bah in the way the Prophet had expressed, I can have it done. We got the funds, we got the people – I can have it done. I just need the word from you.”
  • Imam Malik said, “Don’t. Leave it be, because the Prophet left it the same as the Quraysh’s renovation, so that means it’s okay. I don’t want kings to come along & turn the Ka’bah into a toy. I don’t another king to come along & think, ‘O, I didn’t like the king before me, so I’m going to change the Ka’bah in my way.’ Then another king will come along & go, ‘I’ll show you what’s up & redo the Ka’bah.’ Next thing you know, this reconstruction is going on nonstop. Just leave it. The Messenger left it be, so leave it be.”
    • Until today, the Baytullah has one door & the hateem is not part of the actual Ka’bah

— One tradition of the Ka’bah is placing the Kiswaah on the Ka’bah

  • The first one to put Kiswaah on Ka’bah was Hajjaj bin Yusuf. Hajjaj bin Yusuf was the one who killed Abdullah bin Zubair.
  • Hajjaj bin Yusuf was the one who formed the tradition of placing the Kiswaah to show respect to the Ka’bah

— The first one to expand Masjid al-Haram to accommodate the growing ummah was Umar ibn al-Khattab, the second khalifah

  • He bought all the houses that were immediately around the Ka’bah so he can expand the area around the masjid

— Later on, Uthman, the third khalifah, purchased more homes & expanded the masjid even more

— Ibn Zubair had a lot of orate decorations done around the Ka’bah

 

Link to next episode 

http://www.qalaminstitute.org/2012/08/seerah-life-of-the-prophet-placing-of-the-black-stone-and-history-of-the-kabah/

 

Seerah episode 22: Muhammad the Family Man & Renovation of the Ka’bah. June 14, 2014

Filed under: Seerah — visitor74 @ 12:46 am

— After Muhammad’s (saw) marriage to Khadijah, there are no major events for 10 years. Why is there no record of what happened during these time?

  • From the age of 25 to 35, there’s not a lot major events in Muhammad’s life
  • That’s not to say absolutely nothing happened
    • This was the first 10 years of his marriage. He built a life with Khadijah. The majority of their children were born in this period
    • The Prophet said, “The best amongst you is the one who is the best to his family. And I am the best to my family.” He was taking care of his family during these time. We can assume this because we have seen narrations on how he treated his family after he received revelation and he became prophet:
      • The Prophet would offer the fard prayers in the masjid, & then go back home to pray the sunnah prayers with his family
      • After Salaat-al-Asr, he would go to visit the houses of his wives
      • One of his sunnah was that he would nap in the afternoon in house with his family. So we can see how he is very close with his family.

— During the Medinan years, the Prophet was not just an imam & a prophet, but he’s also the head of state – he’s running the entire Muslim state

  • He’d still go home & pray & spend time with his family

 

Story of Kaabah

— Ka’bah, the Baytullah, was pretty much starting to fall apart after so many years; There were lots of wear and tear over the years

  • Back in those days, the Ka’bah was 6-7 arms’ length (6-7 meters)
    • Nowadays, it’s 3 times that size
    • The door of the Ka’bah was basically at ground’s length at the time (very low), people can easily walked in.
  • But, there’s story on how the Ka’bah had been broken into.
    • Because all of Arabia considered the Baytullah to be very sacred, nobody would dare violate it. Whatever public fund the people had (gold, silver, other valuables), they would place it inside the Ka’bah because it was considered safe (why would anyone violate a sacred place?)
    • The thieves looted the goods inside the Ka’bah
    • Therefore, the Makkan need to think of something to evade this from becoming in the future. To make Kaabah harder to access to.
  • There’s another reason for the renovation of Kaabah: During that time, Makkah had several  heavy rainstorms. Makkah had started to flood
    • The walls of the Ka’bah had severe water damage, causing them to erode

— They have to tear down the Ka’bah for the full renovation

  • There was a problem – because the Ka’bah is such a sacred placed & because people were very superstitious idol-worshipping people, they were reluctant to tear down such a holy place
    • They were worried that if they tore down the Ka’bah, even if it was to put it back together, they would be punished by the idols
    • So people just discussed the matter of tearing down & rebuilding the Ka’bah, but nobody actually did anything. They simply talked because they were too afraid of the possible consequences of tearing down the Ka’bah

— Finally, the maternal uncle of Abdullah (father of Muhammad) was Muhammad’s great-uncle. He stood up & said, “I’m gonna get this renovation started.” He grabbed one of the stones of the wall of the Ka’bah & removed it from its place

  • When he removed the stone from its place & placed it into the ground, the stone flew & lodges back into its place
    • People are already very nervous about reconstructing the Ka’bah, so when they see the stone literally fly & lodge itself back, people freak out
  • The Quraysh took this as a sign from the Raab of this Bayt that they need to approach the renovation carefully
    • They decide not to tear the Ka’bah down all at once. They’re going to reconstruct it piece at a time. They will take one wall down & fix it. Then they’ll take down another wall & fix it, one at a time
    • This stone flying back to its place is a sign that only pure money can be put into the reconstruction of the Ka’bah
      • This is important because a huge stream of their money was coming from questionable income – prostitution, selling wine, usury, interest, gambling, etc. (haraam income)
      • “We need to put only pure wealth into this reconstruction of the Ka’bah. There should be no hint of the effects of alcohol, gambling, ribaa, etc. and we’re going to invest that into the Ka’bah.”
      • This shows even the Musyrikeen had sense of what is halal and haram. But it is shameful that we now use masjids as place to ‘clean’ our money. We got money from questionable income and later we dumped the money into masjids thinking that it would clean it.

— There was an abandoned & boarded-up well near the Ka’bah (not Zamzam)

  • A huge serpent burst out of that well & circled the Ka’bah. It was going up & down the walls of the Ka’bah. The snake had a black head, black body, and a white underbelly
    • It would  hiss at anyone who would come near it & open its mouth at the person
  • This was another sign for the mushrikoon on being careful in regards to the reconstruction of the Ka’bah
  • The snake later receded, after the Quraysh made a pact on putting only pure wealth into the Ka’bah
    • Another narration says that a huge bird, a condor, swooped in & flew away with the snake in its claws

— A fight broke out – which family will renovate the Ka’bah?

  • Banu Adi, Banu Kilad, Banu Hashim were the major families in Makkah
  • They’d take blood oaths (cut themselves & leave a bloody handprint on the Ka’bah) “We swear by this house, that WE will be the ones to restore this House.”
  • Banu Adi & Banu Kilad ally up. “Banu Hashim are the big dogs. Why don’t we ally together & defeat them? Then WE will get to fix the Ka’bah.”

— One of the senior leaders of Makkah, Walid bin Mughira said, “We’re all going to do this together.”

  • “Each family will be given a portion of the Ka’bah that they will reconstruct. That way, everyone has a stake.”
    • Side with the door  – Banu Abd Munaf & Banu Zuhra
    • Between Al Hajirul Aswaad & Ruqnul Yemeni – Banu Makhzun
    • Backside (opposite side of door of the Ka’bah – dahrul Ka’bah) – Banu Jummah & Banu Saham
    • Side of Hijaar (where the hateem is – original part of Ka’bah, a U shaped part) – Banu Adeeb bin Ka’bah

— Now everybody’s happy, because everybody gets to take a part in the renovation, but they’re back in Square 1

  • They’re still freaked out with the stone & snake incidents
  • One tribe would say to other, “Alright, Bismillah, you go ahead & get started.”
  • “No, Bismillah you get started,” the other tribes would reply
  • They’re all holding the door open for each other, very courteous Masha Allah.
    • “No, no, brother, you go ahead, Bismillah.”
    • “No, no, you go ahead!”
    • “No, please you first.”
  • Just a while ago they were taking blood oaths & ready to bust some skulls to get to be able to renovate the Ka’bah, but nobody dared to start first.

— Walid goes, “Oof, I’ll start.”

  • He takes a hammer/axe & breaks a chunk of wall & starts to break it down
  • This takes place in the evening. The entire day spent trying to get the other tribe to start reconstruction
    • “No, you go.”
    • “No, you go!”
    • “I have to go to the restroom real quick. You go ahead get started.”
    • “Oh! It’s lunchtime, subhanAllah. We gotta have lunch now.”
  • They’ve been making excuses all day long, & Walid was finally frustrated enough to get a hammer & start
    • When tearing down the first part of the Ka’bah, Walid talks to Allah: “We don’t mean any offense by what we are doing. We only want to better this Ka’bah.”

— It doesn’t take long to get dark, so Walid didn’t go far with the first step of renovation

  • Now everyone decides, “Let’s see what happens tonight, because if something bad happens we’ll forgo this construction business.”
  • Morning comes. The very first person who shows up for construction is Walid bin Mughira. He’s fine, he’s healthy, & excited to resume
  • Everyone sees that nothing bad happened to Walid, so they now feel comfortable enough to start construction

— After they tear down the wall & get to the base of the wall, they reach the foundation where Ibrahim (as) laid the very first base (the asaas of Ibrahim)

  • The asaas contained green-colored rocks, with jagged & rough edges (like jagged teeth). The rocks weren’t laid down straight; they were all pushed up against each other
    • Ibrahim didn’t have access to neat straight bricks, so he took whatever rocks he could find & started to piece them together
  • This foundation was really solid, settled into the earth. They couldn’t budge the rocks. Therefore they decide to build on top of it

— A man came, bringing an iron rod tool, “I’m gonna fix this.”

  • He jams it in the foundation, trying to crack it out of place
  • As soon as he does that, the entire earth in Makkah shook, like a warning earthquake
  • As soon as Makkah shook, people say, “Listen, take it easy, guy. Let’s not do that again.”
    • “This is the Bayt of the Raab, we should not disturb the foundation.” So they leave it at that.

 

Link to the next episode

 

http://www.qalaminstitute.org/2012/05/seerah-life-of-the-prophet-muhammad-the-family-man-renovation-of-the-kabah/

 

Seerah episode 21: The Prophet Marries Khadijah

Filed under: Seerah — visitor74 @ 12:27 am

— Muhammad (saw) would discourage the taking of loans. You can’t make money out of money. This is usury – Riba. This is forbidden in Islam.

  • Nothing wrong with investing your money for business ventures. This is called mudharabah.

— And there is nothing wrong in becoming rick. There’s even sahabah that are very rich. For example, Abdul Rahman Awf. He got so weatlthy that one, Abdul Rahman bin Awf’s (ra) business caravan arrived in Medina. This was after the death of the Prophet. His caravan line was so huge that the front camel was in one end of the border of Medina & the last camel was on the other end of the border (700 camels). The caravan was filled with goods from Bilad as-Sham to be sold in Medina

  • Aisha (ra) heard a lot of commotion & she saw the caravan. She asked someone who the caravan belonged to. Someone told her it belonged to Abdul Rahman bin Awf
  • Aisha went to Abdul Rahman bin Awf & congratulated him. She said to him, “Do you remember what the Prophet told you?”
    • The Prophet was once giving the good news of Paradise – he was congratulating the Jannati Sahabi, telling them, “You’re gonna go to Paradise. And YOU are going to Paradise.”
    • When the Prophet reached Abdul Rahman bin Awf, he said, “Abdul, you are going to Paradise, but you’re going to get left behind.”
    • Abdul Rahman bin Awf asks, “Why, O Rasullullah?”
      • Abdul Rahman bin Awf was one of the only two individuals behind whom the Prophet prayed, so he was an amazing man, let’s not forget that.
      • Prophet: “Because all the accounting of your wealth is going to lag you behind.”
  • Keeping this memory in mind, Aisha asked Abdul Rahman bin Awf, “Do you remember what the Prophet said?”
    • Hearing this, Abdul Rahman bin Awf became very teary-eyed. He was hit by her question. Immediately, he tells the people working for him to take all of his goods & give it to the Bayt al-Mal as sadaqah

— Muhammad was a businessman. He never gave advice and guidance on something he didn’t have experience in. He was credible on the issues he talked about (family, business, etc.). Sometimes, when someone advise you, you said to him: “it’s easy for you to say, you never experience what I had.” But not with our Prophet. He had experience with the things that he advised.

— There’s only the one time the Prophet recommended something out of his knowledge to the Sahaba was about farming.

  • He once asked the Sahaba, “Why do you cross-pollinate the date trees? Don’t do that. That’s sounds weird.”
  • When the Prophet tells you to stop, you stop. The Sahaba decide not to cross-pollinate that year
    • That year they had a terrible harvest
  • They go up to the Prophet, telling them of their poor harvest.
    • The Prophet: “I don’t know anything about farming. I just asked why you cross-pollinate. I thought it was weird. Go do what you’re supposed to do. You know what you’re doing.”

— Prophet would only give practical advice based on his experiences & what he knows

  • Especially in matters in business ethics – honesty & fairness
    • He’s not just shooting in dark, but he’s talking from a frame of reference, since he was a very successful businessman
  • He qualifies as Uswatul Hasanat – the good example.

— The Prophet established some form of income (through business) before getting married, so that he could support his family

  • Abu Talib once asked Muhammad, “Muhammad, you’re at the age of marriage. Wouldn’t you like to get married?”
    • Muhammad replied, “Yes, but first I need to have a source of income. I’m not working right now. How am I going to support my wife?”
  • This is from the sunnah of the Prophet – to have some source of finance to be able to support your spouse before getting married
    • This isn’t to say that you should become filthy rich & have $100,000 weddings and $50,000 mahrs
    • This is also not referring to the other opposite extreme – “I pray five times a day, I can get married now inshAllah. Both of us are gonna sit together & we’re gonna make du’a & Allah’s going to send down biryani from the sky to us.”

— Muhammad went on a business trip on behalf of Khadijah with her slave Maysara. She is very impressed with all the profit he brought back & considers marrying him. Her friend Nafisa asked Muhammad if he would be interested in marrying Khadijah, to which he said yes. Nafisa went to inform Khadijah of this.

  • Vast majority of seerah say that the brother & uncle of Khadijah oversaw the nikkah (marriage) of Muhammad & Khadijah.
  • A minority position says that the father of Khadijah, named Khuwaylid, oversaw his daughter’s marriage

— After both parties express mutual interest in marriage, Khadijah’s and Muhammad’s family meet before the official marriage proposal goes through

  • In Islam, a woman who has never been married before is primarily represented by one of her male guardians (wali). The wali speaks on her behalf & represents her. However, If a woman is a thayyib, a woman who has been married before, then she can represent herself & does not need a wali
    • Khadijah had already been married twice before (widowed both times) she married Muhammad
    • Most narrations say that Khadijah was 40 years old when she married Muhammad, but some seerah narrations say that Khadijah was in her mid-30s. There’s also a narration from Ibn Abbas that said that Khadijah was not a day older than 28 years old.
  • At the family gathering, where the official engagement is about to take place, Khadijah addresses Muhammad: “Oh son of my uncle (a term of respect & endearment – like sometimes you called a guy as ‘uncle’ as a respect, even though he’s not really your uncle), I am interested in marrying you because of how you maintain your relationships, and how you are the best of your people. You’re honest and have excellent character. You are honest in your speech. Therefore, I would like to propose to you.”
  • Muhammad then praises Khadijah as well. “You are the most honorable & dignified woman of the Quraysh.”

— Before the engagement, Muhammad speaks to his own uncles, asking them what they think of the proposal

  • They’re cool with it. They all leave together to the engagement
  • Hamza, Muhammad’s uncle & older milk brother, speaks on Muhammad’s behalf with Khadijah’s family
    • “We’ve come here with our son & nephew to marry your daughter Khadijah.”

— Details of Muhammad & Khadijah’s nikkah

  • Abu Talib addresses Khadijah’s family
    • “I want you to understand who this young man is. Yes, he’s very trustworthy & honest, but he’s very special at the same time. I want you to understand how much work and effort was put into protecting & raising him. His father died before he was born.  His mother, and his grandfather died and I raised him. When this nikkah goes through, you people will be receiving a treasure. I love him like my own son. He is a blessing.”
  • Some scholars in books of hadith & seerah mentioned that when Muhammad’s nikkah was taking place, the father of Khadijah, Khuwaylid, was heavily intoxicated
    • During the ceremony, Khuwaylid, being so drunk, was snapped out of reality. He looks around, & asks, “What’s going on over here?”
    • Someone replies, “It’s a party! There’s a celebration going over here.”
    • Khuwaylid asks, “Yeah, I see it’s a party, but why is there a party going on?”
    • “Your daughter got married to Muhammad.”
    • Khuwaylid is surprised. “Wait, what? What are you talking about? I don’t know about this marriage. I’m not okay with this. No one told me!”
    • “You were sitting here the whole time! You’re just drunk out of your mind.”
  • Khuwaylid starts causing a bit of commotion.
    • Others try to tell him that yes, he approved of the proposal and that he was just drunk. Khuwaylid continues to carry on the disruption at his daughter’s nikkah
    • Muhammad is already having a bit of difficulty with his father-in-law
  • Khuwaylid respects Muhammad & thinks he’s a great kid, but “Nobody asked me!” He didn’t believe the others when they said that he gave his blessing for the marriage
    • After throwing a bit of a fit, Khuwaylid gets over the initial shock
    • He then says, “Ok, here’s the compromise. If I agreed to this marriage, which I don’t remember, then of course Khadijah’s married, because I had given my permission. If I hadn’t given my permission for her marriage, and all you people are lying to me, then I give my permission now. Because I said so, now Khadijah’s married to Muhammad. BUT ONLY BECAUSE I SAID SO.”
  • Mahr that Muhammad offered Khadijah was 20 goats. Some narrations say 20 camels.
    • Respectable, modest mahr
    • Typically, in those days, weddings would bring 200 camels/goats.

— In a few narrations of seerah, it’s mentioned that the mahr of the Prophet (marriage gift to Khadijah) was 20 goats or 20 camels.

  • Muhammad is not a wealthy individual nor does he come from a wealthy family. Still, he’s a very respected & well-known person in Makkah because he’s from Banu Hashim – an elite family of Quraysh. Khadijah also comes from a similar high-standing family
    • When 2 elite families like this would unite, the mahr would generally be 200 or 300 goats or camels, even though to us, 20 goats/camels seem like a lot. Just remember that 20 goats was a respectable & modest amount
    • Israaf – to spend a little extra on something you need
    • Tabdeer – to spend without need at all (like having 8 cars for yourself)
  • Mahr should be a modest, respectable amount, according to sunnah of Prophet
  • There’s a hadith that the Prophet told someone to teach his wife Qur’an because he couldn’t afford mahr
    • But if you ARE in a position to give mahr, don’t be that stingy guy today who says, “Alright, I’ll teach her Surat Al-Ikhlas.”
  • When Muhammad’s cousin, Ali (son of Abu Talib), got married to Muhammad’s daughter Fatima, the Prophet told Ali to give his new wife 500 darahim (silver coins) as mahr, since it was within Ali’s means
    • 500 silver coins is like $5000 today

— Muhammad & Khadijah were married for 25 years in a monogamous marriage – he never marries anyone else. Some say the reason for this is because he was deeply in love with Khadijah. They had six children together – 2 sons and 4 daughters.

  • Al Qasem, first child
    • Muhammad loved to be called “Abul Qasem” – father of Qasem. He used to love being called Abul Qasem so much, that there’s a hadith by Imam Tirmidhi that the Sahaba used to discourage calling someone else Abul Qasem, even if they had a son named Qasem to honor the Prophet’s son or because they liked the name
    • Qasem died when he was a few years old (3-4). Some say he died when he was old enough to ride an animal (horse), probably 5-6, like the time when our child started to ride bicycle.
  • 4 daughters followed who lived to see Nubu’a (Prophethood) & they accepted Islam. The first 3 daughters passed away during Prophet’s lifetime
  • Zainab
    • She passed away from injuries while making Hijra, from being attacked (this is a bit different compared to what I’ve learnt, but just leave it here for a while)
  • Ruqayyah
    • She suffered from serious fever around Battle of Badr & ended up dying. She was married to Uthman al Afaan.
    • Prophet told his son-in-law, Uthman bin Afaan (who was getting ready to accompany the Prophet to Battle of Badr), to go back home & take care of his wife
    • After the battle, the Prophet gave Uthman a share of the spoils of Battle of Badr. The Prophet treats his son-in-law just as Uthman was present in the battle
  • Ummu Khulthum
    • She married Uthman after Ruqayyah passed away. That’s why Uthman is called Dhun-Nurayn, the Possessor of Two Lights (the Prophet’s daughters)
    • She also became very ill & passed away during the lifetime of the Prophet
    • The Prophet said that if he had anymore daughter to give, he would marries her to Uthman.
  • Fatimah
    • She came to see Prophet day before he passed away, noticed his dying pains. She said, “Look at my father, look at how much pain he goes through.”
    • Muhammad replied, “After today, your father will never suffer again.”
    • She was so overcome with grief & sorrow after the death of the Prophet, that she passed away 6 months after her father
  • Abdullah
    • Nicknames: At-tayyib (beautiful one), Tahir (pure one, clean one)
    • He passed away within days of his birth

— Muhammad had another son named Ibrahim, with his umm walad, Marya, who was previously a slave. There’s a status of a slave who bore her master’s child like Marya. We’ll get to her story later.

  • Ibrahim also passed away very young. He was 18 months old.
  • The Prophet was deeply stricken with grief at his son’s death. Even when he wasn’t actually sobbing & crying, the Prophet would just have tears streaming out of his eyes
    • He said at the time, “Allah has appointed a woman to nurse Ibrahim in Paradise, so that he is still taken care of.”

— Muhammad had a total of 7 children (6 with Khadijah)

  • The Prophet buried 6 out of 7 children in his lifetime. Only Fatimah outlived her father
  • He not only lived through the death of his wife, but also through the deaths of six of his children
    • When the Prophet talks about patience & grief, he knows what he’s talking about. He knew pain & suffering. He was the pillar of patience. That’s why his guidance is important

Link to the next episod

http://www.qalaminstitute.org/2012/05/seerah-life-of-the-prophet-the-prophet-marries-khadijah/